Haripur (Urdu: ہری پور) is the main city of the Haripur District in Hazara, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa in Pakistan, with Swabi and Buner to the west,some65 km (40 mi) north of Islamabad and 35 km Khanpur Road Tofkian Valley Taxila and 35 km (22 mi) south of Abbottabad. It is in a hilly plain area at an altitude of 520 m (1,706 ft).
|District Headquarter / City|
|Elevation||520 m (1,710 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of Union councils||45|
The city lies on the Karakoram Highway (N35). Many castes and tribes live in Haripur including the Hindko Speaking Pashtun Tribes Tanolis, Panni, Jadoon, Mashwani , Tareen, Qazi , Utmanzai , MusaKhail , Dilazak and Some Other Castes Includes Mughal, Douli Mughal, Abbasi, Gujjar , Awan and Gakhar Raja.
The city is named after Sardaar Hari Singh Nalwa, reminiscent of the area's Sikh history, having been founded by that particular Sikh general.
Haripur was founded by the Sikh general Hari Singh Nalwa in 1822 and became the headquarters of Hazara until 1853. Hari Singh Nalwa was appointed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh as the second Nazim of Hazara after the first Nazim Amar Singh Majithia was killed by the local populace at Nara.
Haripur was built as a fortress surrounded by a wall which was 4 yards (3.7 m) thick, 16 yards (15 m) high, and had only four openings. That fort later became the city police station and local government offices.
Haripur is home to most of the Higher Elected Officials of Pakistan and its senate and is known for its flawless education system. Haripur has the most internationally versatile docks situated at the Tarbela Dam border. Haripur serves as the pivot point for revolutionary industrialization in NWFP.
In 1851, the 4th (Hazara) Mountain Battery was raised at Haripur from Hazara gunners, who were trained by James Abbott, a British officer and first deputy commissioner of Hazara, to defend the district. The Hazaras embarked on many campaigns throughout the province.
The population in 1901 was 5,578 and the income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 17,800. In 1903-04 the income and expenditure were Rs. 19,100 and Rs. 20,000 respectively.
Haripur is a green valley, rich in fruits and vegetables. It serves as the base market for the mountainous cities of Abbottabad and Mansehra and the rest of Hazara Division. Haripur is famous for its guavas (Urdu: امرود). Khanpur, one of the main areas of Haripur, is known for red blood oranges and Khanpur Lake. Red blood oranges are very famous all over Pakistan; they are also exported to other countries.
Several miles to the south of Haripur lies the ancient Buddhist university town of Taxila. To the north is the world's largest rock-filled dam, the Tarbela Dam, the bulwark of Pakistan's power generation and irrigation system. To the south lies the picturesque Khanpur Dam, which supplies drinking water to Islamabad and Rawalpindi.
The industrial area of Hattar lies close to Haripur. Another major industrial complex lying at the outskirts of the city is the Telephone Industries of Pakistan (TIP), the biggest telephone factory in Asia. Located next to TIP is the National Radio Telecommunication Corporation (NRTC).
T & T colony is one of the most planned colony in the area. It was designed by Siemens (Germany) in the 1950s.
Characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. This climate type is found on the eastern sides of the continents between 20° and 35° N and S latitude. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).
|Climate data for Haripur, Pakistan|
|Average high °C (°F)||17
|Average low °C (°F)||3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||74
- Nawabzada salahuddin khan Tanoli
- Khan Sahib Abdul Majid Khan Tarin OBE, of Talokar, one of the earliest Muslim League leaders in Hazara.
- DR. Sher Bahadur Khan Panni (D.I.G JAILS KPK) From Panian
- Akhunzada Fazlur Rehman khan, Jagirdar of Nara Pakistan Movement Gold medalist.
- Khan Sahib HE Abdus Salim Khan, senior Pakistani diplomat and ambassador.
- Field Marshal Ayub Khan military dictator and president of Pakistan, who was from the village Rehana.
- Air Marshal(R) Anwar Shamim belonged to Haripur
- Qazi Muhammad Asad Khan Of Sikander pur Minister of higher education KPK , MPA, Member Provincial Assembly KPK)
- Khan Khurshid Anwar Khan of Shah Muhammad
- Sardar Rehman jahazaan walay
- Sardaar Faisal Zaman, member of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly
- Nazim Sardar Advil islam
- Religious Scholar Allama Pir Syed Riaz Hussain Shah
- United Nations Joint Logistics Centre (UNJLC). "Detailed Assessment by Ben Wielgosz". Archived from the original on 2007-07-24. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 55". Dsal.uchicago.edu.
- "Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Subjugation of North Western Frontier – Kirpal Singh". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- "Indian Army Mountain Artillery". King-emperor.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- "Allama Iqbal Open University". Aiou.edu.pk. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- Climate Summary Haripur, Pakistan
"Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.
See also Khalabat Township
Retrieved on May 8, 2013.