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Haripur (Punjabi and Urdu: ہری پور‎) is the main city of the Haripur District in Hazara, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa in Pakistan, with Swabi and Buner to the west,some65 km (40 mi) north of Islamabad and 35 km Khanpur Road Tofkian Valley Taxila and 35 km (22 mi) south of Abbottabad. It is in a hilly plain area at an altitude of 520 m (1,706 ft).[1]

Haripur

ہری پور
District Headquarter / City
Haripur is located in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Haripur
Haripur
Haripur is located in Pakistan
Haripur
Haripur
Coordinates: 33°59′39″N 72°56′0″E / 33.99417°N 72.93333°E / 33.99417; 72.93333Coordinates: 33°59′39″N 72°56′0″E / 33.99417°N 72.93333°E / 33.99417; 72.93333
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pukhtunkhwa
DistrictHaripur District
Elevation
520 m (1,710 ft)
Population
 • Total804,000
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Calling code0995
Number of Union councils45
WebsiteMeraharipur.com

The city lies on the Karakoram Highway (N35).Many castes and tribes live in Haripur including the Hindko Speaking Pashtun Tribes { Jadoon, Mashwani ,Tanoli, Tareen, Qazi , Utmanzai, Panni, Musa Khail , Dilazak} and Some Other Castes Includes Douli Mughal, Abbasi, Gujjar , Awan and Gakhar Raja.[citation needed]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Boundaries of Haripur

Haripur was founded by the Sikh general Hari Singh Nalwa in 1822 and became the headquarters of Hazara until 1853.[2] Hari Singh Nalwa was appointed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh as the second Nazim of Hazara after the first Nazim Amar Singh Majithia was killed by the local populace at Nara.[3]

Baron Hugel visited the town on 23 December 1835, and he found it humming with activity. The municipality was constituted in 1867.[2]

An obelisk marks the grave of Colonel Canara, a European officer of the Sikh Artillery, who fell in 1848 defending his guns single-handed against the insurgents under Chattar Singh.[2]

 
The 4th Hazara Mountain Battery

In 1851, the 4th (Hazara) Mountain Battery was raised at Haripur from Hazara gunners, who were trained by James Abbott, a British officer and first deputy commissioner of Hazara, to defend the district. The Hazaras embarked on many campaigns throughout the province.[4]

The population in 1901 was 5,578 and the income and expenditure during the ten years ending 1902–3 averaged Rs. 17,800. In 1903-04 the income and expenditure were Rs. 19,100 and Rs. 20,000 respectively.[2]

EducationEdit

Haripur has the University of Haripur and campus of Allama Iqbal Open University,[5] and a campus of the Hazara University, Dhodial Mansehra.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. This climate type is found on the eastern sides of the continents between 20° and 35° N and S latitude. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[6]

Climate data for Haripur, Pakistan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 17
(62)
18
(64)
23
(73)
28
(82)
34
(93)
39
(102)
37
(98)
34
(93)
33
(91)
30
(86)
24
(75)
19
(66)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 3
(37)
5
(41)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
4
(39)
14
(57)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 74
(2.9)
104
(4.1)
124
(4.9)
104
(4.1)
74
(2.9)
80
(3)
246
(9.7)
244
(9.6)
97
(3.8)
50
(2)
30
(1.2)
48
(1.9)
1,267
(49.9)
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Notable personalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ United Nations Joint Logistics Centre (UNJLC). "Detailed Assessment by Ben Wielgosz". Archived from the original on 2007-07-24. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
  2. ^ a b c d "Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 13, p. 55". Dsal.uchicago.edu.
  3. ^ "Maharaja Ranjit Singh's Subjugation of North Western Frontier – Kirpal Singh". Tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  4. ^ "Indian Army Mountain Artillery". King-emperor.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  5. ^ "Allama Iqbal Open University". Aiou.edu.pk. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
  6. ^ Climate Summary Haripur, Pakistan
  7. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. See also Khalabat Township
     
    Khalabat Township, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

    Retrieved on May 8, 2013.