Hardware is a 1990 British cyberpunk science fiction horror film starring Dylan McDermott and Stacey Travis. The film, which was written and directed by Richard Stanley (in his feature directorial debut), also features cameos from Carl McCoy, Iggy Pop and Lemmy. Since its release, it has become a cult film. The film is about a self-repairing robot that goes on a rampage in a post-apocalyptic slum. Fleetway Comics successfully sued the film-makers over the screenplay because it plagiarised a short story entitled "SHOK!" that appeared in 1980 in the Judge Dredd Annual 1981, a spin-off publication of the popular British weekly anthology comic 2000 AD.
|Directed by||Richard Stanley|
|Screenplay by||Richard Stanley|
|Based on||Incidents in an Expanding Universe and SHOK!|
by Steve MacManus
|Produced by||JoAnne Sellar|
|Edited by||Derek Trigg|
|Music by||Simon Boswell|
|Distributed by||Palace Pictures (United Kingdom)|
Millimeter (United States)
|Box office||$5.7 million (US)|
A nomad scavenger treks through an irradiated wasteland and discovers a buried robot. He collects the pieces and takes them to junk dealer Alvy, who is talking with 'Hard Mo' Baxter, a former soldier, and Mo's friend Shades. When Alvy steps away, Mo buys the robot parts from the nomad and sells all but the head to Alvy. Intrigued by the technology, Alvy begins to research its background. Mo and Shades visit Jill, Mo's reclusive girlfriend, and, after an initially distant welcome where Jill checks them with a Geiger counter, Mo presents the robot head as a Christmas gift. Jill, a metal sculptor, eagerly accepts the head. After Shades leaves, they have loud, passionate sex, while being unknowingly watched by their foul-mouthed, perverted, voyeuristic neighbour Lincoln Weinberg via telescope.
Later, Mo and Jill argue about a government sterilization plan and the morality of having children. Jill works the robot head into a sculpture, and Mo says that he likes the work, but he does not understand what it represents. Frustrated, Jill says it represents nothing and resents Mo's suggestion that she make more commercial art to sell. They are interrupted by Alvy, who urges Mo to return to the shop, as he has important news about the robot, which he says is a M.A.R.K. 13. Before he leaves, Mo checks his Bible, where he finds the phrase "No flesh shall be spared" under Mark 13:20, and he becomes suspicious that the robot is part of a government plot for human genocide to address the planet's severe overpopulation crisis. Mo finds Alvy dead of a cytotoxin and evidence that the robot is an experimental combat model capable of self-repair; Alvy's notes also indicate a defect, a weakness to humidity. Worried, Mo contacts Shades and asks him to check on Jill, but Shades is in the middle of a drug trip and barely coherent.
Back at the apartment, the robot has reassembled itself using pieces of Jill's metal sculptures and recharged by draining her apartment's power network. It attempts to kill Jill, but she traps it in a room after the apartment's doors lock. Lincoln sees the robot close the blinds while trying to peep on Jill, and, after he briefly manages to open the apartment door, makes crude sexual advances towards her, and offers to override the emergency lock that traps them in her apartment. Lincoln dismisses her warnings of a killer robot, and, when he attempts to open Jill's blinds so that he can more easily peep on her, the M.A.R.K. 13 brutally kills him. Jill flees into her kitchen, where she reasons that her refrigerator will hide her from the robot's infrared vision. She damages the robot before Mo, Shades, and the apartment's security team arrive and open fire on it, apparently destroying it.
As Jill and Mo embrace, the M.A.R.K. 13 drags her out a window, and she crashes into her neighbour's apartment. Jill races back upstairs to help Mo, who is alone with the M.A.R.K. 13. Overconfident, Mo engages the robot in battle, and it injects him with the same toxin that killed Alvy. Mo experiences euphoria and a series of hallucinations as he dies. After Jill re-enters her apartment, the M.A.R.K. 13 sets her apartment doors to rapidly open and close; the security team die when they attempt to enter, and Shades is trapped outside. Jill hacks into the M.A.R.K. 13's CPU and unsuccessfully attempts to communicate with it; however, she discovers the robot's weakness and lures the M.A.R.K. 13 into the bathroom. Shades, who has managed to quickly jump through the doors, gives her time to turn on the shower. The M.A.R.K. 13 short circuits and is finally deactivated. The next morning, a radio broadcast announces that the M.A.R.K. 13 has been approved by the government, and it will be mass manufactured.
The film's script was similar to a short 2000 AD comic strip called "SHOK!" which had been published in 1980. Fleetway Comics brought a successful lawsuit that the film plagiarized the comic strip and so a notice was added to later releases, giving credits to the strip's publisher, Fleetway Publications and creators, Steve MacManus and Kevin O'Neill. Other influences include Soylent Green, Damnation Alley, and the works of Philip K. Dick.
Writer-director Richard Stanley had previously made a post-apocalyptic short film when he was a teenager, and Hardware grew out of that film and responses he got from other, unproduced scripts. By the late 1980s, Stanley had accompanied a guerrilla Muslim faction in the Soviet–Afghan War in order to shoot a documentary. He started pre-production of Hardware almost immediately after leaving Afghanistan. The opening scene was shot in Morocco, and the rest of the film was shot in east London, mostly inside the then-abandoned Roundhouse; sets were built inside the structure, although the lack of proper soundproofing meant all of the dialogue had to be re-recorded. The film was originally more specifically British, but Miramax insisted on American leads. Stanley then added a multinational cast to muddy the setting.
Stanley wanted to emphasize themes of fascism and passive acceptance of authoritarianism, as he had recently come from the apartheid regime of South Africa. Stanley says that the robot does not know that it is committing evil, and it only obeys its programming, which could be likened to a spiritual quest. Psychic TV was an inspiration for the exaggerated television broadcasts.
Box office edit
In the UK the film made £313,038.
Home media edit
Due to its unexpected success, the film was caught up in continual legal issues that prevented its release on DVD for many years.Hardware was released on Region 2 DVD and Blu-ray Disc on 22 June 2009. It was released on Region free DVD and Blu-ray Disc on 13 October 2009 by Severin Films.
Rotten Tomatoes shows that the film received positive reviews from 46% of 13 surveyed critics; the average rating was 5.7/10. On its original release, Hardware received mixed reviews from critics, who cited it as derivative of Alien and The Terminator. Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly rated the film D+ and called it unoriginal, "as if someone had remade Alien with the monster played by a rusty erector set." Variety wrote, "A cacophonic, nightmarish variation on the postapocalyptic cautionary genre, Hardware has the makings of a punk cult film." Michael Wilmington of the Los Angeles Times called it a shallow splatter film whose exaggerated bleakness elevates it above the typical techno-thriller. Hardware has the "inherent blemishes of the techno-thriller genre", its bringing life in post-industrialism to the level of drones, and exaggerated high-tech bloodbaths. Vincent Canby of The New York Times described it as a future midnight movie and wrote, "Watching Hardware is like being trapped inside a video game that talks dirty." Richard Harrington of The Washington Post called it "an MTV movie, a mad rush of hyperkinetic style and futuristic imagery with little concern for plot (much less substance)."
Despite mixed reviews during original release, Hardware managed to become a cult film. Ian Berriman of SFX wrote, "It's one of those lovingly crafted movies where ingenuity and enthusiasm overcome the budgetary limitations." Matt Serafini of Dread Central rated it 4/5 stars and wrote, "Hardware isn't quite the masterpiece that some its most ardent fans have claimed, but it's an excellent piece of low-budget filmmaking from an era when low-budget wasn't synonymous with camcorder crap." Bloody Disgusting rated it 3.5/5 stars and called it "an austere and trippy film" with a narrative that is "a disjointed mess"; however, the film's excesses make it a cult film. Todd Brown of Twitch Film called it "essentially a lower budget, more intentionally punk take on The Terminator" that has an "undeniable ... sense of style". At DVD Verdict, Daryl Loomis called it slow-paced but stylistic and atmospheric, and Gordon Sullivan called it "a hallucinatory and violent film" that has an overly detailed, slow-paced beginning. Writing for DVD Talk, Kurt Dahlke rated it 3/5 stars and called it a "forgotten gem" that "is overwhelmed by style and gore", and Brian Orndorf called it "an art-house, sci-fi gorefest" that is moody and atmospheric without buckling under its own weight. Michael Gingold of Fangoria rated it 3/4 stars and wrote, "If the ingredients of HARDWARE are familiar, Stanley cooks them to a boil with a relentless pace and imagery that makes his future a tactile place".
- "Hardware (1990)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
- "HARDWARE (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 22 August 1990. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- "Hardware (1990)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016.
- HARDWARE Blu-ray Disc (Director's commentary)
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- Short, Sue (2002), "'No flesh shall be spared' Richard Stanley's Hardware", in Hunter, I.Q. (ed.), British Science Fiction Cinema, Routledge, ISBN 978-1-134-70277-0
- "Cult Director of Hardware Richard Stanley Interviewed". The Quietus. 24 June 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
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- "Postcards Takes No. 1 at Box Office Movies: Mother-daughter comedy sales hit $8.1 million. Paramount's 'Ghost' is in second place on $5.8 million in sales". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Back to the Future: The Fall and Rise of the British Film Industry in the 1980s – An Information Briefing" (PDF). British Film Institute. 2005. p. 23.
- Vign, Ard (18 November 2009). "Richard Stanley, I presume? An interview with the director of HARDWARE..." Twitch Film. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Russell, Jamie (16 June 2009). "Hardware : Special Edition". Total Film. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
- Moore, Debi (12 October 2009). "DVD Releases: Oct. 13, 2009: The Stepfather Has an Oral Fixation to Drag Me to Hell". Dread Central. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
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- B., Scott (23 June 2003). "Featured Filmmaker: Richard Stanley". IGN. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Gleiberman, Owen (28 September 1990). "Hardware". Entertainment Weekly. No. 33. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- "Review: 'Hardware'". Variety. 1990. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Wilmington, Michael (17 September 1990). "Movie Reviews : 'Hardware': Relentless High-Tech Blood Bath". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Canby, Vincent (14 September 1990). "Hardware (1990)". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Harrington, Richard (14 September 1990). "Hardware". The Washington Post. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "FREAKSHOW Hardware". SFX. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Serafini, Matt (20 October 2009). "Hardware (DVD / Blu-ray)". Dread Central. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "Hardware". Bloody Disgusting. 12 October 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Brown, Todd (18 October 2009). "HARDWARE Review". Twitch Film. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Loomis, Daryl (28 October 2009). "Hardware". DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Sullivan, Gordon (26 October 2009). "Hardware (Blu-Ray)". DVD Verdict. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Dahlke, Kurt (7 November 2009). "Hardware". DVD Talk. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Ordorf, Brian (26 October 2009). "Hardware (Blu-ray)". DVD Talk. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- "HARDWARE (DVD/Blu-ray Review)". Fangoria.com. 30 October 2009. Archived from the original on 4 November 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
Further reading edit
- Short, Sue (2002). "'No Flesh Shall Be Spared': Richard Stanley's Hardware". In Hunter, I. Q. (ed.). British Science Fiction Cinema. Routledge. pp. 169–180. ISBN 9781134702770.