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Gulam Rabbani was an Indian lawyer and poet of Urdu literature who wrote under the nom de plume 'Taban'.[1] He wrote several poems in Urdu, especially ghazals,[2] and was known for his works, Zauq-i safar,[3] Nava-e-avara,[4] Poetics to politics[5] and Saz-i larzan.[6] He received the Sahitya Akademi award in 1979 for his work, Nava-e-avara.[7] He was honoured by the Government of India in 1971 with Padma Shri, the fourth highest Indian civilian award.[8]

Gulam Rabbani Taban
Born 15 February 1914
Kaimganj, Farrukhabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died 1992
India
Occupation Urdu poet
Awards Padma Shri
Sahitya Akademi Award

Contents

BiographyEdit

Gulam Rabbani was born at Kaimganj, a small hamlet in Farrukhabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh on 15 February 1914 in a rich family of Zamindars.[1] He did his early schooling at the local village school and passed the intermediate examination from Aligarh. He graduated from St. John's College, Agra where he mixed with students most of whom were attracted to leftist ideology and took a degree in law.[1]

Rabbani started writing during the college days under the pseudonym, Farchat but later, changed it to Taban.[1] His leftist leanings got him into trouble with the British authorities and post independence, with the Indian law and order and he had to suffer incarceration on two occasions. Around this time, he joined Maktaba-e-Jamia, a Delhi-based publishing group[9] and took to serious writing.[1] He stayed with the organization for a number of years as its general manager till his retirement in 1975.[1]

After retirement, he continued writing while engaging in journalism as well. The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1971.[8] He received the Sahitya Akademi award in 1979 for his anthology, Nava-e-avara.[7]

Rabbani had three daughters.[10] Azra Rizvi, one of his daughters, was among the trio of writers, the others being Ajmal Ajmali and Sughra Mehdi, who wrote Rabbani's biography published by Mahnamah Kitab Numa, New Delhi in 1993 under the name, Ghulam Rabbani Taban : shakhsiyat aur adabi khidmat.[11] He died in 1992.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "A song to Delhi's unsung poet..." The Hindu. 30 September 2002. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Ghazals of Taban Ghulam Rabbani". Rekhta. 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Ghulam Rabbani Taban (1970). Zauq-i safar. Hab,bah Taban. p. 192. ASIN B0000CRMIC. 
  4. ^ Ghulam Rabbani Taban (1980). Nava-e-avara. Rajapala enda Sanza. p. 79. ASIN B0000CR9TR. 
  5. ^ Ghulam Rabbani Taban (1987). Poetics to politics. Peoples Publishing House. p. 97. ISBN 978-8170070603. 
  6. ^ Ghulam Rabbani Taban. Saz-i larzan. Indian Literary Society. p. 140. ASIN B0000CRPAQ. 
  7. ^ a b "Sahitya Akademi Award winners". Sahitya Akademi Award. 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Padma Shri" (PDF). Padma Shri. 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Maktaba-e-Jamia". Open Library. 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "Ghulam Rabbani Taban". Urdu Youth Forum. 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  11. ^ Ajaml Ajmali, Sughra Mehdi and Azra Rizvi (1993). Ghulam Rabbani Taban: shakhsiyat aur adabi khidmat. Mahnamah Kitab Numa. p. 160. 

Further readingEdit

  • Ajaml Ajmali, Sughra Mehdi and Azra Rizvi (1993). Gulam Rabbani Taban: shakhsiyat aur adabi khidmat. Mahnamah Kitab Numa. p. 160. 
  • Shafiqunnisa Quraishi (1980). Gulam Rabbani Taban: Hayat aur sha°iri. Na®i Avaz. p. 148. ASIN B0000E7EFW. 
  • Gulam Rabbani Taban (1970). Zauq-i safar. Hab,bah Taban. p. 192. ASIN B0000CRMIC. 
  • Gulam Rabbani Taban (1980). Nava-e-avara. Rajapala enda Sanza. p. 79. ASIN B0000CR9TR. 
  • Gulam Rabbani Taban (1987). Poetics to politics. Peoples Publishing House. p. 97. ISBN 978-8170070603. 
  • Gulam Rabbani Taban. Saz-i larzan. Indian Literary Society. p. 140. ASIN B0000CRPAQ. 

External linksEdit