Grigore Vieru (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡriˈɡore viˈeru]; 14 February 1935 – 18 January 2009) was a Moldovan poet and writer. He is mostly known for his poems and books for children. His poetry is characterized by vivid natural scenery, patriotism, as well as a venerated image of the sacred mother. Vieru wrote in the Romanian language.
Vieru in 1990
|Member of the Moldovan Parliament|
3 September 1990 – 27 February 1994
|Born||14 February 1935|
Pererîta, Hotin County, Kingdom of Romania (today Briceni district, Moldova)
|Died||18 January 2009 (aged 73)|
|Political party||Popular Front of Moldova|
Raisa Vieru (m. 1957–2009)
|Relations||Igor Vieru (brother)|
|Children||Teodor and Călin Vieru|
|Parents||Eudochia and Pavel Vieru|
Vieru was married to Raisa Vieru since 1959; they had two sons, Teodor and Călin Vieru.
His first publishing debut was in 1957, a booklet of poems for children. The following year, Vieru graduated from the Ion Creangă Pedagogical State University in Chișinău with a degree in history and philology. In 1959, he became editor at the Nistru magazine, published by the Writers' Union of Moldova. From 1960 to 1963, he served as editor in chief of the "Cartea Moldovenească" publishing house.
In 1967, Vieru's book "Poetry for Readers of All Ages" (published in 1965) was awarded the Moldavian Prize for Youth Literature. The following year, his book "Your Name" became part of the contemporary literature curriculum in Moldavian universities.
He wrote another children's story/picture book "Bread and Dew" which features Doru, a 4 or 5-year-old boy who lives in Kishinew with his parents.
Many moldavian composers were inspired by the poetry of Grigore Vieru (songbook "Poftim de intrați", "Cine crede" etc.), the poet himself is the author of a lot of melodies ("Să crești mare" etc.) and since 1964 he began to collaborate with composer Yulia Tsibulskaya ("Soare, soare", "Clopoțeii", "Stea-stea, logostea", "Ramule-neamule", "Cîntînd cu iubire" etc.).
In 1973 Vieru visited Romania for the first time, remarking
|“||If somebody dreamed of getting to outer space, for my whole life I have dreamed of crossing the Prut River||”|
In 1989 he was elected member of Moldova's Parliament and campaigned for the unification of Romania and Moldova. The following year he was elected Honorary Member of the Romanian Academy. In 1992, the Romanian Academy recommended Vieru for the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1995, he became a member of the Board of the Romanian Radio Broadcasting Company, and in 1996 he won several Romanian literary awards.
Vieru died in a car accident in Chisinau on 16 January 2009. At the time, he was out with friends celebrating the birthday of Mihai Eminescu, a 19th-century Romanian poet. He died of his injuries two days later and was buried on 20 January. It was estimated that his funeral was attended by about 10,000 people. Entire streets and boulevards in the capital city were shut down for that reason. Vieru's funeral was also broadcast live by Teleradio Moldova.
In 1996 he won several Romanian literary awards, and in the same year on August 23rd, he won Order of the Republic (Moldova).
Presence in English language anthologiesEdit
- Testament – Anthology of Modern Romanian Verse / Testament - Antologie de Poezie Română Modernă – Bilingual Edition English & Romanian – Daniel Ionita (editor and translator) with Eva Foster and Daniel Reynaud – Minerva Publishing 2012 and 2015 (second edition) - ISBN 978-973-21-1006-5
- Testament - Anthology of Romanian Verse - American Edition - monolingual English language edition - Daniel Ionita (editor and principal translator) with Eva Foster, Daniel Reynaud and Rochelle Bews - Australian-Romanian Academy for Culture - 2017 - ISBN 978-0-9953502-0-5
- The Bessarabia of My Soul / Basarabia Sufletului Meu - a collection of poetry from the Republic of Moldova - bilingual English/Romanian - Daniel Ionita and Maria Tonu (editors), with Eva Foster, Daniel Reynaud and Rochelle Bews - MediaTon, Toronto, Canada - 2018 - ISBN 978-1-7751837-9-2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grigore Vieru.|
- Death Of A Moldovan Poet. rferl.org