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|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|Administrative center |
|• Raion President||Ion Balan (PLDM), since 2011|
|• Total||870 km2 (340 sq mi)|
|Elevation||301 m (988 ft)|
|• Density||60/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code||+373 73|
Localities with the earliest documentary attestation of the district are: Haragîș, Stoianeuca, Lărguța, Cîrpești localities approved for the first time in the period 1443-1489. In the 16th and 17th centuries, most of all to develop trade, agriculture and there is a significant population increase. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806–12), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812–1856, 1878–1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1856–78, after the Crimean War district is part of the Romania. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918–40, 1941–44), the district is part of the Ismail County. In 1940 after Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Cahul County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.
Cantemir district is located in the south part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: Leova District in north, east Gagauzia, Cahul District in southern and border state in west to Romania, on the river Prut. The relief is generally hilly plain with the maximum altitude is 301 m hill Tigheci (Tigheci Plateau) in the western part of district. Minimum altitude 10–15 m (Lower Prut Plain ). Erosion processes with a medium intensity.
Typical European steppe fauna, with the presence of such mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat, ermine and others. Of birds: partridges, crows, eagles, starling, swallow and more.
The main river in the district is Prut, crosses district in the west. Its tributaries are usually short. Most lakes are artificial origin.
1 January 2012 the district population was 62,500 of which 9.6% urban and 90.4% rural population
- Births (2010): 779 (12.4 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 846 (13.4 per 1000)
- Growth rate (2010): -67 (-1.0 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||% of total|
Footnote: * There is an ongoing controversy regarding the ethnic identification of Moldovans and Romanians.
The district is in total 18,186 registered businesses. The share of agricultural land is 49,602 ha (57.0%) of them occupy 40 902 ha (47.0%) of arable land, plantations of orchards - 2272 ha (2.6%), vineyards - 5660 ha (6.5%), pastures - 11,500 ha (13.2% ). Main crops: cereals (wheat, oats), sunflower, canola, soybeans, vegetables.
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 47.5%
|2010||55.59% 14,573||34.80% 9,003|
|July 2009||55.83% 14,293||40.81% 10,445|
|April 2009||39.25% 9,879||47.11% 11,858|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||9,124||34.80||+9.87|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||9,003||34.34||−6.47|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||3,143||11,99||+1.92|
|European Action Movement||1,507||5.75||+5.75|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||269||1.03||-8.76|
|Total (turnout 57.98%)||26,379||100.00||
In district works: 3 museums, 76 artistic including 24 bands holding the title of the band modern, 46 libraries, 43 houses and community centers.
The district works: a hospital with general fund of 220 beds. A center of family doctors in the composition of which are 25 offices of the family doctor, 4 health centers. In health care population of Cantemir district operates 64 doctor's, 263 average staff, nurses, 254 auxiliary health staff.