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A god is a male deity, in contrast with a goddess, a female deity. While the term "goddess" specifically refers to a female deity, the plural "gods" can be applied to gods collectively, regardless of gender. The Greek and Roman pantheons were ruled by Zeus and Jupiter.[1][page needed]

When ancient Egyptian religion developed closer to monotheism, it was Amun, a male god, who rose to the most prominent place.[2][need quotation to verify]

War gods, like the rulers of the pantheon, could often be male, such as Ares/Mars and Toutatis.[3][page needed]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hornblower, Simon (2003). The Oxford Classical Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860641-9. 
  2. ^ Redford, Donald B. (2003). The Oxford Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology (Berkley ed.). New York: Berkley Books. p. 20. ISBN 0-425-19096-X. 
  3. ^ Duval, Paul-Marie (1993). Les dieux de la Gaule. Paris: Payot. ISBN 2-228-88621-1.