Gerrit Braks

Gerardus Johannes Maria "Gerrit" Braks (23 May 1933 – 12 July 2017) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) and later the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and agronomist.

Gerrit Braks
Opdracht Financieel Dagblad , minister Braks , close - NL-HaNA Anefo 933-1690 WM540 (cropped).jpg
Gerrit Braks in 1984
Mayor of Eindhoven
In office
1 September 2007 – 7 April 2008
Ad interim
Preceded byAlexander Sakkers
Succeeded byRob van Gijzel
President of the Senate
In office
2 October 2001 – 10 June 2003
Preceded byFrits Korthals Altes
Succeeded byYvonne Timmerman-Buck
Parliamentary leader in the Senate
In office
8 June 1999 – 2 October 2001
Preceded byLuck van Leeuwen
Succeeded byYvonne Timmerman-Buck
Parliamentary groupChristian Democratic Appeal
Member of the Senate
In office
11 June 1991 – 10 June 2003
Parliamentary groupChristian Democratic Appeal
Minister of Agriculture,
Nature and Fisheries
In office
7 November 1989 – 18 September 1990
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byHimself
as Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
Succeeded byBert de Vries (Ad interim)
Minister of Education and Sciences
In office
14 September 1989 – 7 November 1989
Ad interim
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byWim Deetman
Succeeded byJo Ritzen
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
In office
4 November 1982 – 7 November 1989
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byJan de Koning
Succeeded byHimself
as Minister of Agriculture,
Nature and Fisheries
In office
5 March 1980 – 11 September 1981
Prime MinisterDries van Agt
Preceded byFons van der Stee
Succeeded byJan de Koning
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
14 September 1989 – 7 November 1989
In office
3 June 1986 – 14 July 1986
In office
15 September 1981 – 4 November 1982
In office
10 June 1981 – 9 September 1981
In office
8 June 1977 – 5 March 1980
Parliamentary groupChristian Democratic Appeal
(1980–1989)
Catholic People's Party
(1977–1980)
Personal details
Born
Gerardus Johannes Maria Braks

(1933-05-23)23 May 1933
Uden, Netherlands
Died12 July 2017(2017-07-12) (aged 84)
Sint-Michielsgestel, Netherlands
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Catholic People's Party
(1975–1980)
Spouse
Francisca Antonia Maria Bardoel
(m. 1965; died 2000)
Children5 children
Alma materWageningen University
(Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, Master of Science in Engineering)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Agronomist · Civil engineer · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Media administrator

Braks applied at the Wageningen Agricultural College in June 1959 majoring in Agronomy and obtaining a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture degree in July 1961 before graduating with a Master of Science in Engineering degree in July 1965. Braks worked as a agronomist and agricultural engineer in Eindhoven from January 1966 until April 1970 and as a civil servant for the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development of the European Commission from April 1970 until June 1977.

Braks was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1977, taking office on 8 June 1977. Braks was appointed as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries in the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel following the appointed of Fons van der Stee as Minister of Finance, taking office on 5 March 1980. After the election of 1981 Braks returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, serving from 10 June 1981 until 9 September 1981. Following the cabinet formation of 1981 Braks was not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Van Agt–Wiegel was replaced by the Cabinet Van Agt II on 11 September 1981 and he subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 15 September 1981. After the election of 1982 Braks was appointed again as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries in the Cabinet Lubbers I, taking office on 4 November 1982. After the election of 1986 Braks again returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 3 June 1986. Following the cabinet formation of 1986 Braks continued as Minister of Education and Sciences in the Cabinet Lubbers II, taking office on 14 July 1986. The Cabinet Lubbers II fell on 3 May 1989 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. After the election of 1989 Braks once again returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 14 September 1989. Braks served as acting Minister of Education and Sciences from 14 September 1989 until 7 November 1989 following the election of Wim Deetman as Speaker of the House of Representatives. Following the cabinet formation of 1989 Braks remained as the recently renamed Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Fisheries in the Cabinet Lubbers III, taking office on 7 November 1989. On 18 September 1990 Braks resigned after the Labour Party the coalition partner in the cabinet had lost confidence in the functioning of Braks.

Braks remained active in national politics, and became active in the public sector and occupied numerous seats as a nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Institute of Environmental Sciences, Royal Geographical Society and the LEI Wageningen UR) and worked as media administrator for the public broadcaster Catholic Radio Broadcasting (KRO) serving as Chairman of the Supervisory board from 1 May 1991 until 10 July 1996. Braks was elected as a Member of the Senate after the Senate election of 1991, taking office on 11 June 1991. After the Senate election of 1999 Braks was selected as Parliamentary leader of the Christian Democratic Appeal in the Senate, taking office on 8 June 1999. Braks was nominated as President of the Senate following the retirement of Frits Korthals Altes, taking office on 2 October 2001. In February 2003 Braks announced his retirement from national politics and that he wouldn't stand for the Senate election of 2003 and continued to serve until the end of the parliamentary term on 10 June 2003.

Braks retired after spending 26 years in national politics but remained active in the private sector and public sector and continued to occupy numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Rabobank, Campina, UTZ Certified, Enza Zaden, Vereniging Natuurmonumenten and the European Centre for Nature Conservation) and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Institute for Multiparty Democracy and Staatsbosbeheer). In August 2007 Braks was appointed as Ad interim Mayor of Eindhoven following a proposed referendum for the introduction of elected Mayors, serving from 1 September 2007 until 7 April 2008.[1][2]

Braks was known for his abilities as a debater and policy wonk. Braks continued to comment on political affairs until his death at the age of 84.

Other functionsEdit

From 11 March 1991 until 1 April 1996 he was chairman of the Katholieke Radio Omroep. On 1 September 2007 he was named acting mayor of Eindhoven until after a referendum the next mayor was named by the crown on 7 April 2008.[citation needed]

HonoursEdit

He was invested as a Commander in the Order of the Netherlands Lion and as a Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau.[citation needed] He also received the Jacoba van Beierenprijs in 1990, an honorary badge from the Wageningen University and Research Centre in 1993 and was an honorary citizen of the Dutch province of North Brabant.[citation needed] The Spanish king made him Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Isabella the Catholic.[citation needed]

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Commander of the Order of Agricultural Merit France 10 December 1986
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic Spain 17 September 1987
  Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour France 20 November 1988
  Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 1 May 1991 Elevated from Knight (26 October 1981)
  Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold II Belgium 15 June 1992
  Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 10 June 2003 Elevated from Knight (30 April 1996)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gerrit Braks (CDA) nieuwe Voorzitter Eerste Kamer, Wim van Eekelen (VVD) nieuwe ondervoorzitter" (in Dutch). Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal. 2 October 2001. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Ir. G.J.M. Braks (CDA)" (in Dutch). Eerste Kamer der Staten-Generaal. Retrieved 28 December 2010.

External linksEdit

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by Parliamentary leader of the
Christian Democratic Appeal
in the Senate

1999–2001
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
1980–1981
1982–1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by Succeeded by
Himself
as Minister of Agriculture,
Nature and Fisheries
Preceded by Minister of Education and Sciences
Ad interim

1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Himself
as Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
Minister of Agriculture, Nature
and Fisheries

1989–1990
Succeeded by
Bert de Vries
Ad interim
Preceded by President of the Senate
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Preceded by Mayor of Eindhoven
Ad interim

2007–2008
Succeeded by
Media offices
Preceded by Chairman of the
Supervisory board of the
Catholic Radio Broadcasting

1991–1996
Succeeded by