Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe (1232 – 21 December 1290) was the only count of Holstein-Itzehoe.

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
Seal of Gerhard I, which he used from 1254 to 1287
Died(1290-12-21)21 December 1290
Noble familyHouse of Schauenburg
Spouse(s)Elizabeth of Mecklenburg
Adelaide of Montferrat
IssueGerhard II
Adolph VI
Henry I
FatherAdolf IV of Holstein
MotherHeilwig of Lippe

Life edit

He was the second son of Count Adolf IV of Holstein and Heilwig of Lippe.

When his father retired to a monastery in 1238, he ruled the Holstein jointly with his elder brother John I, initially under the guardianship of their brother-in-law the Duke Abel of Schleswig. When they came of age, the brothers took up government and continue their joint rule. In 1255, they concluded a trade agreement with Lübeck.

When their father died in 1261, John and Gerhard divided Holstein. Gerhard took Holstein-Itzehoe, consisting of the districts of Stormarn, Plön and Schaumburg, with his residence in Itzehoe. John received Holstein-Kiel, consisting of the districts Kiel, Wagria and East Holstein, with his seat in Kiel. John later won Rendsburg back from Denmark and traded it with Gerhard for Segeberg.

Gerhard founded several villages, in order to develop Holstein and control the area. He also developed the County's administration. He fought ward with the Archdiocese of Bremen, the City of Lübeck and the landed gentry in his county. In 1262, he won the Battle of the Loh Moor. In 1263, John died and Gerhard became regent of Kiel and Segeberg for John's sons.

Gerhard I died in 1290. After his death, his sons subdivided Holstein-itzehoe into Holstein-Plön, Holstein-Pinneberg and Holstein-Rendsburg.

Seal edit

The inscription on his seal reads: S(IGILLUM)* GERARDI*COMITIS*HOLTSATIE*ET*DE*SCOWENB(O)RCH ("Seal of Count Gerhard of Holstein and Schauenburg").

Marriages and issue edit

He married around 1250 with Elizabeth (d. c. 1280), a daughter of John I of Mecklenburg and had the following children with her:

Around 1280, he married Adelaide (Alessia; c. 1237 – 1285), the widow of Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and a daughter of Marquess Boniface II of Monferrat (c. 1203 – 1253). This marriage remained childless.

Ancestors edit

References edit

  • K. Jansen (1878), "Gerhard I. (Graf von Holstein und in Schauenburg)", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), vol. 8, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, p. 737
  • Wilhelm Koppe (1964), "Gerhard I.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 6, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 265–266

External links edit

Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
Born: 1232 Died: 21 December 1290
Regnal titles
Preceded by Count of Holstein
with his brother John I (1238–1261)
Partition of Holstein
Count of Schaumburg
with his brother John I (1238–1261)
Succeeded byas Count of Schaumburg and
Count of Holstein-Pinneberg
New title
Partitioned from Holstein
Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
Succeeded byas Count of Holstein-Plön
Succeeded byas Count of Holstein-Rendsburg