The County of Holstein-Pinneberg (German: Grafschaft Holstein-Pinneberg), also known as the County of Schauenburg and Holstein-Pinneberg (German: Grafschaft Schauenburg und Holstein-Pinneberg), was a small territory which existed from 1290 until 1640, centred around Pinneberg in modern-day Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

County of Holstein-Pinneberg
County of Schauenburg and Holstein-Pinneberg
Grafschaft Holstein-Pinneberg (German)
Grafschaft Schauenburg und Holstein-Pinneberg (German)
Coat of arms of Holstein-Pinneberg
Coat of arms
Holstein-Pinneberg and neighbouring territories around 1400
Holstein-Pinneberg and neighbouring territories around 1400
StatusImperial county
Common languagesNorthern Low Saxon, German
Rom. Catholic to 1561,
then mainly Lutheran,
Calvinist from 1601 and
Jewish from 1621, esp. in Altona
Counts of Schauenburg 
House of Schauenburg
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Division of Holstein-Itzehoe following death of Gerhard I
• Usurpation in 1640 after the comital male line died out
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Image missing Holstein-Itzehoe
Today part ofGermany

Rise and fall of the countyEdit

Holstein-Pinneberg was one of the territories partitioned from the County of Holstein-Itzehoe (the others being Holstein-Rendsburg and Holstein-Plön) following the death of Gerhard I. This resulted in the Pinneberg line of the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein, who were called Holstein-Pinneberg or Holstein-Schauenburg. The Schauenburgs (later, on the Weser, called the Schaumburgs) ruled over the County of Schaumburg (which became a principality in 1620) and over Holstein-Pinneberg.

In 1375, Prince-Archbishop Albert II of Bremen mortgaged the Haseldorfer Marsh to Adolphus VII. The prince-archbishop of Bremen later failed to redeem the mortgage, and the Haseldorfer Marsh has been part of Holstein ever since. Whereas in 1537 Christian III of Denmark introduced the Reformation in all his four realms, Denmark, Duchy of Holstein, Norway and Schleswig, Holstein-Pinneberg remained Catholic until 1559. After the Schaumburgs died out in 1640 (the other lines in Holstein had already died out by 1459) the County of Schaumburg was divided and the County of Holstein-Pinneberg was absorbed into what was now the Duchy of Holstein (formerly the County of Holstein-Rendsburg). In 1650, the County of Rantzau was created from the northern third of the territory.

Duchy of
(from 1474)
Imperial County of Rantzau

Counts of Holstein-PinnebergEdit

The former County of Holstein-Pinneberg (light and dark turquoise) northwest of Hamburg, here around 1650 the County of Rantzau (dark turquoise) has already been separated out.

The following counts ruled over Schaumburg and Holstein-Pinneberg: