Adolf IV of Holstein

Adolf IV (before 1205 – 8 July 1261), was a Count of Schauenburg (1225–1238) and of Holstein (1227–1238), of the House of Schaumburg. Adolf was the eldest son of Adolf III of Schauenburg and Holstein by his second wife, Adelheid of Querfurt.

Adolf IV
Count of Holstein
Reign1227 - 1238
PredecessorValdemar II of Denmark
SuccessorGerhard I
Count of Schauenburg
Reign1225 - 1238
PredecessorAdolf III
SuccessorGerhard I
Bornbefore 1205
Died(1261-07-08)8 July 1261
the Franciscan Friary in Kiel
SpouseHeilwig of Lippe
IssueMechtild, Queen of Denmark
John I, Count of Holstein-Kiel
Gerhard I, Count of Holstein-Itzehoe
HouseHouse of Schauenburg
FatherAdolf III, Count of Holstein
MotherAdelheid of Querfurt


Adolf IV won several victories against the Danes. In 1225 he won the Battle of Mölln against Albert II, Count of Weimar-Orlamünde. On 22 July 1227 with his coalition army Adolf was victorious in the Battle of Bornhöved against King Valdemar II of Denmark with his Danish army and German allies (the Welfs), and thus regained Holstein. In 1235 he founded Kiel and in 1238 Itzehoe. In 1238 he took part in a crusade in Livonia.

In fulfilment of an oath taken during the heat of the Battle of Bornhöved, Adolf withdrew in 1238 to a Franciscan friary and in 1244 was ordained a priest in Rome (his two under-age sons passed into the guardianship of his son-in-law Duke Abel of Schleswig). Also in 1244 he founded Neustadt in Holstein. He died in 1261 in the Franciscan friary in Kiel, which he himself had founded, whereupon Holstein was divided between his sons John (of Holstein-Kiel) and Gerhard (of Holstein-Itzehoe).

Marriage and issueEdit

He married Heilwig of Lippe, daughter of Herman II, Lord of Lippe and by her had the following children:


External linksEdit

Adolf IV of Holstein
Born: before 1205 Died: 8 July 1261
Regnal titles
Preceded by Count of Holstein
Succeeded by
Preceded by Count of Schauenburg