Rendsburg (Danish: Rendsborg, also Rensborg, Low German: Rendsborg, also Rensborg) is a town on the River Eider and the Kiel Canal in the central part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is the capital of the Kreis (district) of Rendsburg-Eckernförde. As of 2006[update], it had a population of 28,476.
|Coordinates: 54°18′N 9°40′E / 54.300°N 9.667°ECoordinates: 54°18′N 9°40′E / 54.300°N 9.667°E|
|• Mayor||Janet Sönnichsen (Ind.)|
|• Total||23.72 km2 (9.16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Rendsburg's foundation date is unknown though some form of fortifications was established by Bjørn Svendsen 1099–1100. Rendsburg was first mentioned in 1199. An old form of its name was Reinoldesburch.
It became a part of Holstein in the 13th century, but was transferred to Schleswig in 1460. Many times the town passed from Danish to German control and vice versa. In the German-Danish War in 1864 Rendsburg was finally seized by Kingdom of Prussia and Austria. After 1866 the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia. Since that time it has remained part of Germany.
Although the Eider is navigable for small craft from its mouth on the North Sea to Rendsburg, the town's importance rose in 1895, when the Kiel Canal was finished. The much larger ships that could navigate the Kiel Canal meant that, although situated inland, Rendsburg became a seaport and a dockyard.
The most prominent structure in town, the Rendsburg High Bridge, a railway bridge made of steel, 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) in length and 41 metres (135 ft) in height, was constructed in 1913 to take the Neumünster–Flensburg railway over the Kiel Canal from the relatively flat land on either side. It is the longest railway bridge in Europe (highway/rail bridge Øresund Bridge is longer): on the northern side, the bridge connects to the Rendsburg Loop to gain height and to allow trains to continue to serve the Rendsburg station. Suspended from the railway bridge, a transporter bridge – one of only twenty ever built – traverses the canal.
The German Army's Air Defence School and the Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz are both located in Rendsburg.
Other sights include:
- Town hall, 16th century
- Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church), 1286
- Kiel Canal Pedestrian Tunnel, longest pedestrian tunnel in the world
- The longest bench in the world (501 m), on the banks of the Kiel Canal
- Jewish Museum Rendsburg
- Museums in the Cultural Centre (Historical Museum Rendsburg / Printing Museum)
- Michael Maier (1568–1622), physician, counsellor to Rudolf II Habsburg
- Christian Scriver (1629–1693), Lutheran minister and devotional writer
- Marquard Gude (1635–1689), archaeologist and classical scholar
- Calmer Hambro (1747–1806), Danish merchant and banker
- Theodor Mommsen (1817–1903), classical scholar, historian, jurist, journalist, politician and archaeologist; Germany's first Nobel Prize winner for literature, lived in Rendsburg for many years
- Heinrich Adolph Leschen (1836–1916), father of gymnastics and pioneer of medical massage (physiotherapy) in South Australia
- Marie Davids (1847–1905), painter
- Ludwig Fahrenkrog (1867–1952), writer, playwright and artist
- Dagmar Hjort (1860–1902), Danish schoolteacher, writer and women's rights activist
- Gustav Kieseritzky (1893–1943), admiral during WWII
- Hans Friedemann Götze (1897–1940), SS-Standartenführer in the German Waffen-SS
- Hans Egon Holthusen (1913–1997), lyric poet, essayist, and literary scholar
- Hans Blohm (born 1927), photographer and author, in Canada
- Otto Bernhardt (born 1942), CDU politician
- Hans-Ulrich Buchholz (born 1944), rower
- Hartmut Lutz (born 1945), professor of American and Canadian studies
- Hanne Haller (1950–2005), pop singer, composer, writer, producer and sound engineer
- Gerhard Delling (born 1959), journalist and author
- Jost de Jager (born 1965) CDU politician
- Philip Kraft (born 1969), fragrance chemist
- Noah Wunsch (born 1970), painter, photographer and designer.
- Alexander Kühl (born 1973), basketball player
- Patrik Borger (born 1979), football player and manager
- Lauritz Schoof (born 1990), rower, Olympic winner
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Aalborg, Denmark (1976)
- Almere, Netherlands (2014)
- Haapsalu, Estonia (1989)
- Kristianstad, Sweden (1992)
- Lancaster, England (1968)
- Racibórz County, Poland (2004)
- Rathenow, Germany (1990)
- Skien, Norway (1995)
- Vierzon, France (1975)
- ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2021" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein.
- ^ "Startseite - Jüdisches Museum". Schloss-gottorf.de. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
- ^ "Herzlich Willkommen in den Museen im Kulturzentrum Rendsburg - Museen Rendsburg". Museen-rendsburg.de. 2021-11-25. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
- ^ Daly, John A. "Biography - Heinrich Adolph Leschen - Australian Dictionary of Biography". Adb.anu.edu.au. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
- ^ "Partnerstädte". rendsburg.de (in German). Rendsburg. Retrieved 2021-05-17.