|City of Geneva|
Geneva City Hall as viewed from Illinois Route 31
Location of Geneva in Kane County, Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
|Incorporated (As Village)||1867|
|Incorporated (As City)||1887|
|• Mayor||Kevin Burns|
|• Total||10.00 sq mi (25.90 km2)|
|• Land||9.76 sq mi (25.27 km2)|
|• Water||0.24 sq mi (0.63 km2)|
|Elevation||725 ft (221 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,255.9/sq mi (870.99/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||630 & 331|
Geneva is part of a tri-city area, located between St. Charles and Batavia. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 21,495, and in 2017 the estimated population was 22,010. The area experienced rapid population growth in the 1980s and '90s as the Chicago suburbs spread to the west.
Geneva is a popular tourist destination with its scenic location along the Fox River and numerous shops and restaurants. There is an extensive bike trail system in Geneva including portions of the Fox River Trail and the Illinois Prairie Path. Geneva has an active historical society, the Geneva History Center, located in downtown Geneva as well as the Fabyan Windmill, an old Dutch windmill dating back to the 1850s. In 2013 it was nominated by Bloomberg Business Week as the best place to raise a kid in Illinois.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Sports
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Annual events
- 8 Media and entertainment
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Sister cities
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Geneva is located at 41°53'9" North, 88°18'42" West (41.885722, −88.311771), 36 miles (58 km) west of downtown Chicago.
According to the 2010 census, Geneva has a total area of 9.994 square miles (25.88 km2), of which 9.75 square miles (25.25 km2) (or 97.56%) is land and 0.244 square miles (0.63 km2) (or 2.44%) is water.
Geneva was first settled in the 1830s on an important route from Chicago. Daniel Shaw Haight was the first settler in Geneva. Haight sold his claim in 1835 to James and Charity Herrington, who were influential in the creation of the town of Geneva. A local's connections with Col. Richard Hamilton, a prominent Cook County politician, led to the naming of Geneva as county seat in 1836. The town was platted a year later and was probably named after Geneva, New York. Before the name Geneva was chosen, the names LaFox, Big Spring, and Herrington's Ford were used. A courthouse and jail were among the first major works. Geneva was incorporated as a village in 1867. While its site as a county seat attracted attention, the village's location on the Fox River provided the most economic opportunities. Early goods manufactured in Geneva included cheese, butter, milled grains, and packed meat. The connection of the railroad in 1853 provided increased demand for industry, and by 1900, Appleton Manufacturing, Howell Foundry, Bennet Milling Co., and Pope Glucose Co. became major employers. This resulted in major civic improvement projects such as a pumping stations and water mains in 1896. Geneva was particularly noted for its flux of Swedish immigrants, who comprised half of the population by 1900. A year later, Geneva was connected to other Fox Valley communities through the Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Company.
The Fabyan Windmill is an authentic, working Dutch windmill dating from the 1850s located in Geneva, Kane County, Illinois, just north of Batavia, Illinois, off Illinois Route 25. The five-story wooden smock mill with a stage, which stands 68 feet (21 m) tall, sits upon the onetime estate of Colonel George Fabyan, but is now part of the Kane County Forest Preserve District.
On June 4, 1979, the windmill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Dutch Mill. The following year, the windmill was selected to be on a U.S. postage stamp, as part of a series of five windmills in a stamp booklet called "Windmills USA." It originally operated as a custom grinding mill.
Riverbank Acoustical Laboratories is a NVLAP accredited acoustical testing agency founded by Wallace Clement Sabine in 1918. The acoustical laboratory building was funded and built by Colonel George Fabyan on his vast Riverbank Estate in Geneva, IL. In the facility's early days, It also housed a cryptology team that worked to decipher codes from the works of Sir Francis Bacon, Shakespeare, and enemy military communications. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on November 28, 2003.
The Fabyan Villa Museum houses photographs, the Fabyans' personal artifact collections, and a limited number of original furnishings, sharing the Riverbank story with the public.
Sacred Heart Seminary ShrineEdit
The Sacred Heart Seminary Shrine is a stone and mosaic religious Chapel located in Geneva, Illinois. It sits next to the Kane County Government Center in the Gunnar Anderson Forest Preserve along the Fox River, near the old Sacred Heart Monastery. The shrine dates back to 1925 when a piece of the land along the river was sold to Jesuit Monks. The shrine is also known as the Geneva Grotto.
The beautiful mosaics on the sides of the shrine hold latin writing saying Ignem veni mittere, which translates to "I have come to bring fire" as well as Ego sum lux mundi, meaning "I am the light of the world." The mosaics also house art work of three arches that depict heaven and earth, a crucifix crossed by two swords, as well as a lighthouse. The Latin phrases are references to the New Testament. Jesus uses the phrases to describe himself; as in embodying both beginning and end. The altar is inscribed with the letters "IHS," referencing the first three letters of Jesus in Greek.
The shrine has frequently been the victim of vandals, who have damaged part of the stone structure. On October 21st, 2014, vandals threw white paint all over the stone walls and mosaics. They then proceeded to use spray paint to create symbols on the walls. Part of the stone structure was also damaged, leaving broken pieces of stone on the ground.
Elizabeth Place, or the Henry Bond Fargo House, is a historic residence in Geneva, Illinois in the Mission Revival style. The house was owned by Henry Bond Fargo, a prominent local businessmen who brought several early industries to Geneva. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 12, 2008.
Geneva has been home to the Kane County Cougars of the Midwest League since 1991 when the Wausau Timbers relocated to Geneva from Wausau, Wisconsin. The Cougars currently play at Northwestern Medicine Field. In 2015 the Chicago Steel of the United States Hockey League moved from Bensenville, Illinois to Geneva.
Geneva is served by Chicago Midway International Airport (MDW), Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD), and Dupage Airport (DPA). The city also benefits from highways running through the city, including State Routes 25, 31, 38 with easy access to Interstate 88.
Geneva is also served by the Pace bus system run by Chicago's suburbs. The following bus routes run through this city:
- Route 529 - Randall Rd / 5th Street
- Route 801 - Elgin / Geneva
- Route 802 - Aurora / St. Charles
As a part of the Chicago metropolitan area, Geneva has a station on the Union Pacific/West line of the Metra commuter rail system; it provides frequent service to downtown Chicago, 36 miles (58 km) away, and extends west to Elburn.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The racial makeup of the city was 94.80% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.20% Asian, 1.20% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.90% of the population.
There were 8,278 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% are non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 33% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.
As of 2011 the median income for a household in the city is $93,588. Males had a median income of $65,103 versus $38,520 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,995. About 3.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under the age of 18 and 3.8% of those ages 65 and older.
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,515 people, 6,718 households, and 5,186 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,321.4 people per square mile (895.9/km²). There are 6,895 housing units at an average density of 820.2/sq mi (316.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.50% White, 1.02% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.58% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.77% of the population.
There were 6,718 households out of which 45.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% are non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.31.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.
As of 2011 the median income for a household in the city is $95,467. Males had a median income of $65,103 versus $38,520 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,995. About 1.6% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under the age of 18 and 4.9% of those ages 65 and older.
Geneva School District 304 includes the following schools:
Elementary education schoolsEdit
- Harrison Street Elementary School (built in 1929)
- Williamsburg Elementary School (built in 2008)
- Heartland Elementary School (built in 2002)
- Mill Creek Elementary School (built in 1996)
- Fabyan Elementary School (built in 2008)
- Western Avenue Elementary School (built in 1964)
- Geneva High School (built in 1958)
Media and entertainmentEdit
- Harry and Tonto (1974) starring Art Carney and directed by Paul Mazursky. Filmed outside of the Geneva Courthouse and the Geneva Motel.
- The Road to Perdition (2002) starring Tom Hanks, Paul Newman, and Jude Law was filmed in downtown Geneva.
- Novocaine (2001) starring Steve Martin was filmed at the Geneva Motel on the East Side of Geneva.
- E. Philip Howrey, economist and professor
- Edmund Beecher Wilson, America's first cell biologist; discovered the chromosomal XY sex-determination system
- Gower Champion, theater director, choreographer, and dancer
- Diego Cortez, art curator
- Niykee Heaton, singer.
- Stu Linder, Academy Award-winning film editor (Grand Prix and Rain Man)
- Michael J. Nelson, head writer and star of cult TV show Mystery Science Theater 3000, and current leader of Rifftrax
- Joan Taylor, an Italian-American television and film actress
- George Fabyan, (1867) wealthy cloth merchant and inventor of Riverbanks Laboratories
- Jervis Langdon, Jr., railroad executive and president of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad.
- John W. Scherer, founder and face of the software tutorial company Video Professor
- Dale Shewalter, founder and promoter of the Arizona Trail; born in Geneva
- James Graham Fair, US Senator and wealthy mine operator known as the Bonanza King
- S. Louis Rathje, Illinois Supreme Court justice
- Varney Anderson, pitcher with the Indianapolis Hoosiers and Washington Senators
- Sid Bennett, offensive tackle with the Chicago Tigers and Milwaukee Badgers
- Phil Esposito, centre with the Chicago Black Hawks, Boston Bruins and New York Rangers
- Ben Kanute, Olympic triathlete
- Gabrielle Perea, artistic gymnast
- Bob Zeman, defensive back with the San Diego Chargers
- Croissy-sur-Seine (Western Suburb of Paris, France)
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- "Harrison Street Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Williamsburg Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Heartland Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Mill Creek Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Fabyan Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Western Avenue Elementary School". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "Geneva Middle School South". Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
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- "Been There, Seen That: George Fabyan, Eccentric". Dees2.blogspot.com. June 19, 2008. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- Grant, H. Roger (2008). Visionary Railroader: Jervis Langdon Jr. and the Transportation Revolution. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 119. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- "John Scherer". Johnwscherer.com. June 20, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- "Dale Shewalter obituary". Arizona Daily Sun. January 14, 2010. Retrieved February 8, 2010.
- "Full Biography". Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- "EX-SENATOR FAIR IS DEAD; His Fatal Illness of But Very Brief Duration. AN ESTATE OF FORTY MILLIONS One of the Earliest Victims of the Gold Fever, He Turned His Attention to Silver and Made a Fortune.", The New York Times, New York, New York, December 30, 1894,
He came to this country with his parents in 1843, and lived for a time at Geneva, Ill., where he obtained a rudimentary education...
- "S. Louis Rathje - Previous Illinois Supreme Court Justice". www.illinoiscourts.gov.
- "Sid Bennett NFL Football Statistics". Pro-Football-Reference.com. December 30, 1971. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- Wassner Flynn, Sarah (August 3, 2016). "Meet Ben Kanute". United States Olympic Committee. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
- "Gabrielle Perea". USA Gymnastics. Retrieved February 5, 2018.