Arthur William Matthew Carney (November 4, 1918 – November 9, 2003) was an Oscar-winning American actor in film, stage, television and radio. He is best known for playing Ed Norton opposite Jackie Gleason's Ralph Kramden in the 1950s sitcom The Honeymooners, and for his surprising Academy Award for Best Actor win for his role in Paul Mazursky's Harry and Tonto (1974).
Carney in 1959
Arthur William Matthew Carney
November 4, 1918
Mount Vernon, New York, U.S.
|Died||November 9, 2003 (aged 85)|
Chester, Connecticut, U.S.
|Resting place||Riverside Cemetery, Old Saybrook, Connecticut|
|Education||A.B. Davis High School|
|Home town||Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.|
(m. 1940; div. 1965)
(m. 1980; his death 2003)
(m. 1966; div. 1977)
Carney, the youngest of six sons (his brothers were Jack, Ned, Robert, Fred, and Phil), was born in Mount Vernon, New York, the son of Helen (née Farrell) and Edward Michael Carney, who was a newspaper man and publicist. His family was Irish American and Catholic. He attended A.B. Davis High School.
Carney was drafted into the United States Army as an infantryman and machine gun crewman during World War II. During the Battle of Normandy serving in the 28th Infantry Division, he was wounded in the leg by shrapnel and walked with a limp for the rest of his life. As a result of the injury, his right leg was ¾-inch shorter than his left.
Carney was a comic singer with the Horace Heidt orchestra, which was heard often on radio during the 1930s, notably on the hugely successful Pot o' Gold, the first big-money giveaway show in 1939–41. Carney's film career began with an uncredited role in Pot o' Gold (1941), the radio program's spin-off feature film, playing a member of Heidt's band. Carney, a gifted mimic, worked steadily in radio during the 1940s, playing character roles and impersonating celebrities such as President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. He can be seen impersonating FDR in a 1937 promotional film for Stewart-Warner refrigerators that is preserved by the Library of Congress and available on YouTube as well as during his appearance as a Mystery Guest on What's My Line also available on YouTube. In 1941 he was the house comic on the big band remote series, Matinee at Meadowbrook.
One of his radio roles during the 1940s was the first Red Lantern on Land of the Lost. In 1943 he played Billy Oldham on Joe and Ethel Turp, based on Damon Runyon stories. He appeared on The Henry Morgan Show in 1946–47. He impersonated Franklin D. Roosevelt on The March of Time and Dwight D. Eisenhower on Living 1948. In 1950–51 he played Montague's father on The Magnificent Montague. He was a supporting player on Casey, Crime Photographer and Gang Busters.
On both the radio and television versions of The Morey Amsterdam Show (1948–50), Carney's character Charlie the doorman became known for his catchphrase, "Ya know what I mean?"
In 1950, Jackie Gleason was starring in the New York–based comedy-variety series Cavalcade of Stars, and played many different characters. Gleason's regular characters included Charlie Bratten, a lunchroom loudmouth who insisted on spoiling a neighboring patron's meal. Carney, established in New York as a reliable actor, played Bratten's mild-mannered victim, Clem Finch. Gleason and Carney developed a good working chemistry, and Gleason recruited Carney to appear in other sketches, including the domestic-comedy skits featuring The Honeymooners. Carney gained lifelong fame for his portrayal of sewer worker Ed Norton, opposite Jackie Gleason's bus driver, Ralph Kramden. The success of these skits resulted in the famous situation comedy The Honeymooners, and the Honeymooners revivals that followed. He was nominated for seven Emmy Awards and won six.
Between his stints with Gleason, Carney worked steadily as a character actor and occasionally in musical-variety. He guest-starred on NBC's Henry Morgan's Great Talent Hunt (1951), The Dinah Shore Chevy Show, and many others, including as a mystery guest four times on What's My Line? which he attended (once) dressed as Ed Norton. Carney also had his own NBC television variety show from 1959 to 1960. In the season two opening episodes 35 and 36 of the Batman television series, titled "Shoot a Crooked Arrow" and "Walk the Straight and Narrow" (1966), Carney performed as the newly introduced villain "The Archer".
In 1958, he starred in an ABC children's television special Art Carney Meets Peter and the Wolf, which featured the Bil Baird Marionettes. It combined an original story with a marionette presentation of Serge Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf. Some of Prokofiev's other music was given lyrics written by Ogden Nash. The special was a success and was repeated twice.
Carney starred in a Christmas episode of The Twilight Zone, "The Night of the Meek", playing a dramatic turn as an alcoholic department store Santa Claus who later becomes the real thing. In 1964, he guest-starred in the episode "Smelling Like a Rose" along with Hal March and Tina Louise in the CBS drama Mr. Broadway, starring Craig Stevens.
In 1970, Carney appeared as Skeet in "The Men from Shiloh" (the rebranded name of The Virginian) in the episode titled "With Love, Bullets and Valentines." In the early 1970s, Carney sang and danced on several episodes of The Dean Martin Show, took part in the Dean Martin Celebrity Roast of his old co-star Jackie Gleason, and appeared as both Santa Claus and his wannabe kidnapper Cosmo Scam in the 1970 Muppets TV special The Great Santa Claus Switch. He was also a guest star on The Carol Burnett Show in January 1971.
He starred as Police Chief Paul Lanigan in the 1976 television film Lanigan's Rabbi, and in the short-lived series of the same name that aired in 1977 as part of the NBC Sunday Mystery Movie lineup.
In 1978, Carney appeared in Star Wars Holiday Special, a television film that was linked to the Star Wars film series. In it, he played Trader Saun Dann, a member of the Rebel Alliance who helped Chewbacca and his family evade an Imperial blockade. The same year, he appeared as the father of Ringo Starr's alter ego "Ognir Rrats" in the made for television special "Ringo".
Among his final television roles were a series of commercials for Diet Coke in which he played a man enjoying a day out with his grandson.
Carney recorded prolifically in the 1950s for Columbia Records. Two of his hits were "The Song of the Sewer", sung in character as Norton, and "'Twas the Night Before Christmas", a spoken-word record in which Carney, accompanied only by a jazz drummer, recited the famous Yuletide poem in syncopation. Some of Carney's recordings were comedy-novelty songs, but most were silly songs intended especially for children.
Carney won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his 1974 performance as Harry Coombes, an elderly man going on the road with his pet cat, in Harry and Tonto. Other nominees that year were Albert Finney, Dustin Hoffman, Jack Nicholson, and Al Pacino. It was presented to him at the 47th Academy Awards on April 8, 1975 by actress Glenda Jackson, with whom Carney co-starred in the comedy House Calls in 1978. Carney also won a Golden Globe award for his performance in Harry and Tonto.
In demand in Hollywood after that, Carney then appeared in W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings (as a deranged preacher), The Late Show (as an aging detective), House Calls (as a senile chief surgeon), Movie Movie (in multiple roles), and Going in Style (as a bored senior citizen who joins in bank robberies). Later films included The Muppets Take Manhattan, the crime drama The Naked Face, and the sci-fi thriller Firestarter.
Although he retired in the late 1980s, he returned in 1993 in a minor supporting role in Last Action Hero.
Carney made his Broadway debut in 1957 as the lead in The Rope Dancers with Siobhan McKenna, a drama by Morton Wishengrad. His subsequent Broadway appearances included his portrayal in 1965–67 of Felix Unger in The Odd Couple (opposite Walter Matthau and then Jack Klugman as Oscar). In 1969 he was nominated for a Tony Award for his performance in Brian Friel's Lovers. In 1961-62, Carney played Frank Michaelson in an English comedy by Phoebe & Henry Ephron titled Take Her, She's Mine with Phyllis Thaxter as his co-star in the Biltmore Theatre in New York; the character was played by James Stewart in the 1963 film version.
Carney was married three times to two women: Jean Myers, from 1940 to 1965, to Barbara Isaac from December 21, 1966 until 1977, and again to Jean Myers from 1980 until his death in 2003. He had three children from his first marriage to Jean: Eileen (1942–2013), Brian (born 1946), and Paul (1952–2017). Brian Carney appears as a GEICO executive alongside the animated gecko in GEICO commercials. His grandson, State Representative Devin Carney, represents Lyme, Old Lyme, Old Saybrook, and Westbrook in the Connecticut General Assembly. His great-nephew is musician/actor Reeve Carney.
Carney died in his sleep of natural causes on November 9, 2003, five days after his 85th birthday, in his home near Westbrook, Connecticut. He is interred at Riverside Cemetery in Old Saybrook, Connecticut. Jean Carney died nine years later on October 31, 2012 at the age of 93.
According to Carney, he was an alcoholic by his late teens. His first stage partner, comedian Ollie O'Toole, "would order gin and grapefruit juice for us in the morning and, gee, it was great." Carney later used barbiturates, amphetamines, and alcohol substitutes. To battle his addiction, which he said ran in the family, he tried psychotherapy and joined Alcoholics Anonymous. He finally found success with Antabuse and quit drinking during the filming of Harry and Tonto.
|1941||Pot o' Gold||Band member
|1964||The Yellow Rolls-Royce||Joey Friedlander|
|1967||A Guide for the Married Man||Married man "Joe X"|
|1974||Harry and Tonto||Harry Coombes||Academy Award for Best Actor|
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
|1975||W.W. and the Dixie Dancekings||Deacon John Wesley Gore|
|Death Scream||Mr. Jacobs||TV movie (aka Street Kill)|
|Katherine||Thornton Alman||TV movie|
|1976||Won Ton Ton, the Dog Who Saved Hollywood||J.J. Fromberg|
|1977||The Late Show||Ira Wells||National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor|
|Scott Joplin||John Stark|
|1978||House Calls||Dr. Amos Willoughby|
|Movie Movie||Doctor Blaine / Doctor Bowers||(segment "Dynamite Hands") / (segment Baxter's Beauties of 1933")|
|Star Wars Holiday Special||Trader Saun Dann|
|You Can't Take It With You||Grandpa Martin Vanderhof|
|Going in Style||Al||Pasinetti Award for Best Actor|
|Roadie||Corpus C. Redfish|
|Alcatraz: The Whole Shocking Story||Robert Stroud||TV movie|
|Fighting Back: The Rocky Bleier Story||Art Rooney||TV movie|
|1981||Bitter Harvest||Walter Peary||TV movie|
|Take This Job and Shove It||Charlie Pickett|
|St. Helens||Harry Truman|
|The Leprechauns' Christmas Gold||Narrator / Blarney Kilakilarney||TV movie, Voice|
|1982||Better Late Than Never||Charley Dunbar|
|1983||The Last Leaf||Mr. Behrman|
|1984||Terrible Joe Moran||Tony||TV movie|
|The Naked Face||Morgens|
|The Muppets Take Manhattan||Bernard Crawford|
|The Night They Saved Christmas||Santa Claus||TV movie|
|1985||The Undergrads||Mel Adler|
|Izzy and Moe||Moe Smith||TV movie|
|The Blue Yonder||Henry Coogan||TV movie|
|1986||Miracle of the Heart: A Boys Town Story||Father Michael T. O'Halloran|
|1987||Night Friend||Monsignor O'Brien|
|1990||Where Pigeons Go to Die||Da||Nominated — Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie|
|1993||Last Action Hero||Frank||(final film role)|
Awards and tributesEdit
- Art Carney has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6627 Hollywood Boulevard.
- In 1954 the Board of Directors of the Florida Water and Sewage Works Operators Association (now the Florida Water and Pollution Control Operators Association) unanimously passed a resolution that Art Carney of The Jackie Gleason Show and The Honeymooners fame be granted an Honorary Life Membership in the Association in recognition for his constant humorous reminders to the American public that sewage systems do exist. Mr. Carney gratefully accepted this honorarium, as reflected in his letter to the association.
- While starring in The Odd Couple on Broadway, Carney's caricature was drawn for walls of Sardi's Restaurant.
- In 2002, a year before his death, Carney was portrayed by Michael Chieffo in Gleason, a 2002 television biopic about the life of his Honeymooners co-star Jackie Gleason.
- In 2004, a year after his death, Carney was posthumously inducted into the Television Hall of Fame.
- Jackie Gleason said that Carney deserved ninety percent of the credit for the success of The Honeymooners.
- The city of Yonkers, New York has named the corner of Margaret Ave. and Westchester Ave. as Art Carney Place since Carney lived in the city for a while.
In popular cultureEdit
- Carney is referenced twice in the song "Celebrity Art Party" by American band The Embarrassment.
- In 1994, the music group The Swirling Eddies named a song after Carney on their album Zoom Daddy titled "Art Carney's Dream."
- Carney is portrayed by Michael Chieffo in the Jackie Gleason TV biopic Gleason.
- Severo, Richard (November 12, 2003). "Art Carney, Lauded for 'Honeymooners', Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
- "Art Carney Biography (1918-)". filmreference.com. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- "'Honeymooners' actor Art Carney dies." China Daily, Beijing. 12 November 2003.
- Art Carney Yahoo! Movies: Biography Archived May 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Wilkins, Barbara (October 21, 1974). "Art Carney Wins in a Film—and Over Alcoholism". People. 2 (17). Retrieved June 18, 2020.
- Stewart-Warner Refrigerator Sales Film. Library of Congress – via YouTube.
- What's My Line? - Walter Cronkite; Art Carney; PANEL: Steve Allen, Anne Douglas (Mar 27, 1966) – via YouTube.
- "The Great Santa Claus Switch (TV Movie 1970)". IMDb.
- "The Great Santa Claus Switch". YouTube.
- "The Museum of Broadcast Communications - Encyclopedia of Television". museum.tv. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- "Jean Carney Obituary". Dignity Memorial - Swan Funeral Home. Retrieved 22 December 2016.
- Sardi, Jr., Vincent; Thomas Edward West (1991). Off the Wall at Sardi's. Applause Books. p. 97. ISBN 978-1557830517.
- Gallo, Phil (10 October 2002). "Gleason". Variety. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- McLellan, Dennis (November 12, 2003). "From the Archives: 'Honeymooners' Sidekick Art Carney Dies". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 18, 2020.
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