Gdańsk Voivodeship (1945–1975)

The Gdańsk Voivodeship[a] was a voivodeship (province) with capital in Gdańsk, that was located in the region of Pomerelia. It existed from 1945 to 1975.[1][2] Until 28 June 1945, it remained under the administration of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland,[3] which then was replaced by the Provisional Government of National Unity.[4] On, 19 February 1947, the provisional government was replaced by the Polish People's Republic.[5] It was established on 7 April 1945, from the parts of the territories of the Pomeranian Voivodeship, and the Masurian District, Poland.[1] The voivodeship ceased to exist on 31 May 1975, when it was partitioned by then-established voivodeships of Elbląg, Gdańsk, and Słupsk.[2]

Gdańsk Voivodeship
Voivodeship of Poland
1945–1975
POL województwo gdańskie 1950.svg
The Gdańsk Voivodeship within Poland, between 1950 and 1975.
CapitalSopot (1945)
Gdańsk (1945–1975)
Area 
• 1946
10,725 km2 (4,141 sq mi)
• 1950
12,744 km2 (4,920 sq mi)
• 1974
11,036 km2 (4,261 sq mi)
Population 
• 1946
732 150
• 1974
1 564 000
History
 • TypeVoivodeship
History 
• Established
7 April 1945
• Disestablished
31 May 1975
Contained within
 • Country Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland
(1944–1945) Provisional Government of National Unity (1945–1947)
Polish People's Republic (1947–1975)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Pomeranian Voivodeship
District of the Western Pomerania
Masurian District
Elbląg Voivodeship
Gdańsk Voivodeship
Słupsk Voivodeship

HistoryEdit

 
Gdańsk Voivodeship within Poland, from 1946 to 1950.

The Gdańsk Voivodeship was established on 7 April 1945. The decree to establish the voivodeship had been signed on 30 March 1945, the day that Soviet and Polish forces captured the city of Gdańsk, during the Siege of Danzig, in the final months of the World War II.[1][6] Upon its creation, it incorporated the counties from the prewar Pomeranian Voivodeship and the Free City of Danzig, both merged during occupation into the Reichsgau Danzig-Westpreussen. From the Pomeranian Voivodeship, it incorporated the counties of Kartuzy, Kościerzyna, Maritime, Starogard, Tczew, and the city county of Gdynia, while the southern part of the Pomeranian Voivodeship was awarded to the newly established Bydgoszcz Voivodeship. From the Free City of Danzig, it incorporated the Gdańsk County and the city county of Gdańsk. .[1] The city of Gdańsk was declared capital of the voivodeship. However due to the heavy destruction of the city during the conflict, for the first few months of voivodeship existence, its de facto seat of government was located in nearby city of Sopot, before it was transferred to Gdańsk, later that year.[1][7]

Until 28 June 1945, it was under the administration of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland, which then had been replaced by the Provisional Government of National Unity,[4] and on the 19 February 1947, the provisional government was replaced by the Polish People's Republic.[5]

Upon dissolution of the Masurian District on 25 September 1945, Gdańsk Voivodeship incorporated its part containing the territories of the former Regierungsbezirk Westpreußen, namely the counties of Elbląg, Kwidzyn, Lębork, Malbork, and Sztum, as well as the counties of Bytów, Miastko, Sławno, and Słupsk from the District of the Western Pomerania.[8] On 28 June 1946, the counties of Bytów, Miastko, Sławno, and Słupsk, were incorporated into the Szczecin Voivodeship, and later transferred on 8 July 1950 to the newly established Koszalin Voivodeship.[9] In 1946 it had an area of 10 725 km²,[10] and a population of 732 150 people.[11]

Between 1946 and 1950, the cities of Sopot and Elbląg become the city counties.[12] On 1 July 1951, the Maritime County was replaced by the Wejherowo County.[2] On 1 January 1954 was established the Nowy Dwór Gdański County, from the part of the Gdańsk County.[13] On 1 October 1954 was established the Puck County, from the part of the Wejherowo County.[14] In 1970 the voivodeship had an area of 11 036 km²,[15] and in 1974, it had a population of 1 564 000 people.[16]

The Gdańsk Voivodeship existed until 31 May 1975, when it was partitioned between then-established voivodeships of Elbląg, Gdańsk, and Słupsk[2]

SubdivisionsEdit

 
The counties of Poland in 1968, including the counties of the Gdańsk Voivodeship.

The voivodeship was divided into counties.[17] Over the years, those were:

DemographicsEdit

Year Population
Total Urban (%) Rural (%)
1946[11] 732 150 366 313 (50.03%) 365 837 (49.97%)
1950[18] 930 448 539 463 (57.98%) 390 985 (42.02%)
1956[19] 1 126 000 727 000 (64.6%) 399 000 (35.4%)
1960[20] 1 222 769 811 468 (66.36%) 411 301 (33.64%)
1963[21] 1 312 000 880 000 (67.1%) 432 000 (32.9%)
1965[22] 1 352 800 no data no data
1970[23] 1 467 755 1 020 704 (69.54%) 447 051 (30.46%)
1971[24] 1 486 900 1 039 000 (69.9%) 447 900 (30.1%)
1972[25] 1 510 600 1 060 400 (70.2%) 450 200 (29.8%)
1973[26] 1 539 000 1 100 000 (71.4%) 439 000 (28.6%)
1974[16] 1 564 000 1 122 000 (71.8%) 442 000 (28.2%)

LeadersEdit

From 1944 to 1950, the leader of the voivodeship was the voivode. In 1950, the office of the voivode, together with sever others, had been disestablished. As such, from 1950, to 1973, the leader was the chairperson of the Voivodeship National Council.[27] The office of the voivode was reestablished in 1973, however it remained vacant until the disestablishment of the voivodeship in 1975.[28]

The people in the office of the voivode, from 1944 to 1950 were:[29]

The people in the office of the chairperson of the Voivodeship National Council, from 1950 to 1973, were:[29]

CitationsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Polish: Województwo gdańskie

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Dekret z dnia 30 marca 1945 r. o utworzeniu województwa gdańskiego.
  2. ^ a b c d Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 23 czerwca 1951 r. w sprawie zmiany nazwy powiatu morskiego.
  3. ^ Paweł Wieczorkiewicz: Historia polityczna Polski 1935–1945, Warsaw: Książka i Wiedza publishing house, 2005. ISBN 83-05-13441-5, p. 459).
  4. ^ a b Aleksander Gella: Zagłada Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej 1945–1947, Warsaw, 1998.
  5. ^ a b Andrzej Ajnenkiel: Polskie konstytucje. Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna. 1983. ISBN 83-214-0256-9.
  6. ^ Waldemar Kowalski: W cieniu wyzwolenia – Gdańsk 1945. Biuletyn Instytutu Pamięci Narodowej, 2005.
  7. ^ Izabella Greczanik-Filipp (editor): Wspomnienia z odbudowy Głównego Miasta, vol. 2. Gdańsk: Marpress, 1997. ISBN 83-87291-23-4.
  8. ^ Uchwała Rady Ministrów z dnia 7 lipca 1945 r. w sprawie wyłączenia z Okręgów Pomorze Zachodnie, Mazurskiego (Prusy Wschodnie) i Śląsk Dolny niektórych powiatów i przyznania na terenie tychże powiatów wojewodom: Gdańskiemu, Białostockiemu, Pomorskiemu i Poznańskiemu uprawnień Pełnomocników Okręgowych Rządu R. P.
  9. ^ Journal of Laws, no. 28, position: 177, 1946.
  10. ^ Rocznik Statystyczny 1947. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1947, p. 15-18.
  11. ^ a b Powszechny Sumaryczny Spis Ludności z dn. 14 II 1946 r., Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1947, p. 13 (p. 29 of the PDF document).
  12. ^ Rocznik Statystyczny 1950. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1951, p. 12-14.
  13. ^ Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 22 sierpnia 1953 r. w sprawie utworzenia powiatu nowodworsko-gdańskiego w województwie
  14. ^ Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 11 sierpnia 1954 r. w sprawie utworzenia powiatu puckiego w województwie gdańskim.
  15. ^ Narodowy Spis Powszechny 8 XII 1970. Struktura demograficzna i zawodowa ludności, gospodarstwa domowe. Polska. Wyniki ostateczne. Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, December 1972, p. 3-4 (p. 59-60 of the PDF document).
  16. ^ a b Encyklopedia powszechna PWN, vol. 3, Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers PWN, 1975, p. 577.
  17. ^ Polska. Zarys encyklopedyczny, Warsaw: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1974, p. 772.
  18. ^ Narodowy Spis Powszechny z dnia 3 grudnia 1950 r. Struktura zawodowa i demograficzna ludności. Indywidualne gospodarstwa rolne. Polska, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1954, p. 3 (p. 8 of the PDF document).
  19. ^ Rocznik statystyczny 1957, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1957, p. 9 (p. 48 of the PDF document).
  20. ^ Spis Powszechny z dnia 6 grudnia 1960 r. Wyniki ostateczne. Ludność, gospodarstwa domowe. Polska, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1965, p. 6-7 (p. 5-7 of the PDF document).
  21. ^ Rocznik polityczny i gospodarczy 1964, Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne, p. 32.
  22. ^ Wielka Encyklopedia Powszechna PWN, vol. 9, Warsaw: Polish Scientific Publishers PWN, 1967, p. 5.
  23. ^ Narodowy Spis Powszechny 8 XII 1970. Struktura demograficzna i zawodowa ludności, gospodarstwa domowe. Polska. Wyniki ostateczne, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1965, p. 4-6 (p. 60-62 of the PDF document).
  24. ^ Rocznik statystyczny 1972, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, p. 76.
  25. ^ Rocznik polityczny i gospodarczy 1973, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne, p. 37.
  26. ^ Rocznik polityczny i gospodarczy 1974, Warsaw: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne, 1975, p. 85.
  27. ^ Ustawa z dnia 20 marca 1950 r. o terenowych organach jednolitej władzy państwowej.
  28. ^ Ustawa z dnia 22 listopada 1973 r. o zmianie ustawy o radach narodowych.
  29. ^ a b "Poczet Wojewodów Pomorskich". gdansk.uw.gov.pl (in Polish).