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Puck [put͡sk] (About this soundlisten) (Kashubian: Pùckò, Pùck, Pëck, German: Putzig, Lithuanian: Puckas, Latvian: Pucka) is a town in northwestern Poland with 11,350 inhabitants. It is in Gdańsk Pomerania on the south coast of the Baltic Sea (Bay of Puck) and part of Kashubia with many Kashubian speakers in the town. Previously in the Gdańsk Voivodeship (1975–1998), Puck has been the capital of Puck County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999.

Puck
Market Square
Market Square
Coat of arms of Puck
Coat of arms
Puck is located in Poland
Puck
Puck
Coordinates: 54°42′N 18°24′E / 54.700°N 18.400°E / 54.700; 18.400
Country Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
CountyPuck County
GminaPuck (urban gmina)
Established12th century
Town rights1348
Government
 • MayorHanna Pruchniewska
Area
 • City4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Highest elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • City11,329
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,080,700
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84-100
Area code(s)+48 58
Car platesGPU
Websitepuck.pl

HistoryEdit

 
13th century Gothic church in Puck

The settlement became a marketplace and a seaport as early as the 7th century. The name, as was common during the Middle Ages, was spelled differently: in a 1277 document Putzc, 1277 Pusecz, 1288 Puczse and Putsk, 1289 Pucz. In 1309 it came under the rule of the Teutonic Order as part of Pomerelia. Puck achieved town status in 1348. Together with the rest of Royal Prussia, it joined Poland in 1454 (1466) and was the place of the local County Administration (Starostwo). The Polish kings tried to create a fleet at Danzig, but autonomous Hanseatic Danzig would not allow them in their territory. Ships chartered by Poland had to land at Pautzke (Puck) in 1567. Poland tried to establish a Polish Navy, gaining the use some harbors in Livonia and Finland, but a standing navy never materialized. Swedish-Lithuanian Vasa King of Poland-Lithuania Sigismund III Vasa also tried to establish a fleet in his attempts to wrest the crown of Sweden from King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, but Sigismund's attempts were destroyed in 1628.[citation needed]

In 1772, through the Partitions of Poland, the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia and in 1773 became part of the newly established province of West Prussia. In 1913 Putzig became the garrison of the first planes of German Naval aviation.[1] After the First World War, Puck was assigned to the Second Polish Republic by the Treaty of Versailles. In 1920 Poland celebrated Poland's Wedding to the Sea in Puck. The first actual Polish Navy was founded at the end of World War I in 1918 with some French and British involvement. Puck was the only Polish harbour until Gdynia was built in the 1920s and served as the main harbour of the Polish Navy until the Second World War.

Puck was bombed by Nazi Germany at 5.20am Polish time on Friday September 1, known thereafter as Grey Friday. Luftwaffe bombers dropped a projectile on the town, which also had an airbase for the Naval Air Squadron; dealing significant damage to the Polish air force units stationed there.[2]

After Poland was occupied by Nazi Germany in 1939, a branch of the Stutthof concentration camp existed in Puck in the years 1941 to 1944. After 1945 Puck was part of the Republic of Poland.

Interesting placesEdit

 
Kitesurfing
 
Marina
 
Former hospital for the poor (18th century)
 
Puck in 1909
  • Town Hall (1865)
  • St Peter and Paul's church (13th century)
  • Burghers' houses at the main square (Plac Wolności), 17th century, rebuilt in the 19th century
  • Flooded port (8th-10th century) located some 500 metres from the shore
  • Remnants of a brick castle (14th century)
  • Memorials of gen. Józef Haller and Poland's Wedding to the Sea
  • Puck region museum (Muzeum Ziemi Puckiej)
  • Wooden pier
  • Marina
  • Caves in Mechowo
  • Coastal Landscape Park (Nadmorski Park Krajobrazowy)

PopulationEdit

Year Population
1895 1 904
1900 2 093
1960 6 800
1970 9 300
1975 10 500
1980 11 100
1998 11 600
2005 11 350

Land useEdit

Land use in Puck in 2005 [1] in ha in %
Total 490 100.0
agricultural lands area, of which: 188 38.4
arable land 118 24.1
orchards 0 0.0
meadows 59 12,0
pastures 11 2.2
Forests and forest land 3 0.6
Other and wastelands 299 61,0

Notable residentsEdit

International relationsEdit

Puck, Poland is twinned with:

GalleryEdit

Coordinates: 54°42′N 18°24′E / 54.700°N 18.400°E / 54.700; 18.400

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Marineflieger: Als Wilhelm II. seiner Flotte das Fliegen befahl" Die Welt, 6 May 2013, (in German)
  2. ^ Piotr Derdej (2009). Westerplatte, Oksywie, Hel 1939. Bellona. pp. 146–147. GGKEY:XBT004NC99S.

External linksEdit