Maritime County

The Maritime County[a] was a county centered around the Gdynia and Wejherowo, that existed from 1927 to 1939, and from 1945 to 1951. From 1927 to 1939, it was located in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, in the Second Polish Republic. In 1945, it was located in the Pomeranian Voivodeship, and from 1945 to 1951, it was located in the Gdańsk Voivodeship,[1] which, in 1945 were under the administration of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland, from 1945 to 1947, under the administration of the Provisional Government of National Unity, and since 1947, under the administration of the Polish People's Republic. Until 1928, its seat was located in the city of Gdynia, and was since then moved to Wejherowo.

Maritime County
County of the Pomeranian and Gdańsk Voivodeships
Województwo pomorskie pomeranian voivodeship in 1930 with names.png
The counties of the Pomeranian Voivodeship in 1930, including the Maritime County
CapitalGdynia (1927–1928)
Wejherowo (1928–1939; 1945–1951)
Area 
• 1947
1,281 km2 (495 sq mi)
Population 
• 1931
79 900
• 1946
85 493
History
 • TypeCounty
Contained within
 • Country Second Polish Republic (1927–1939)
Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland (1945)
Provisional Government of National Unity (1945–1947)
Polish People's Republic (1947–1951)
 • VoivodeshipPomeranian (1927–1939)
Pomeranian (1945)
Gdańsk (1945–1951)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Puck County
Wejherowo County
Maritime District
Maritime District
Gdynia
Wejherowo County

HistoryEdit

The Maritime County had been established on 1 January 1927, from then-disestablished Puck County, and part of the Wejherowo County. Its seat was located in the city of Gdynia. It was one of the counties of the Pomeranian Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. Upon its creation it become the only county of Poland, to border Baltic Sea, and as such, the only sea access of the country.[2][3]

On 21 March 1928, the Wejherowo County had been incorporated into the Maritime County, with the exception of the gminas (municipalities) of Linja, Tłuczewo, Niepoczołowice, Zakrzewo, and Kętrzyno, that were incorporated into the Kartuzy County. Additionally, the seat of the county had been transferred from Gdynia to Wejherowo.[4]

On 24 January 1929, the city of Gdynia become a separate city county.[5] In 1931, the Maritime County was inhabited by 79 900 people.[6]

On 15 June 1934, the municipalities of Linja, Tłuczewo, Niepoczołowice, Zakrzewo, and Kętrzyno were transferred from the Kartuzy County to the Maritime County.[7] On 1 August 1934, the single-village rural municipalities were replaced by the multi-village rural municipalities. As such, the county was divided into two cities, that were, Puck and Wejherowo, and 11 municipalities.[8]

On 1 September 1939, the Nazi Germany had invaded Poland, conquering area that included the county. As such it had been replaced by the Maritime District, located within the Region of Danzig, Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia.[9][10]

The county had been reestablished in 1945, following the area being reconquered by the Red Army of the Soviet Union, and given under Polish administration of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland. Until 7 April 1945, was located within the Pomeranian Voivodeship, when it was incorporated into then-established Gdańsk Voivodeship.[1] On 28 June 1945 the Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland had been replaced by the Provisional Government of National Unity,[11] and on the 19 February 1947, the provisional government was replaced by the Polish People's Republic.[12] In 1946, the county was inhabited by 85 493 people,[13] and in 1947, it had an area of 1281 km2.[14] It existed until 1 July 1951, when it was replaced by the Wejherowo County.[15]

CitationsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Polish: Powiat morski

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dekret z dnia 30 marca 1945 r. o utworzeniu województwa gdańskiego.
  2. ^ Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 28 grudnia 1926 r. w sprawie oznaczenia granic powiatu morskiego.
  3. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej z dnia 30 października 1926 r. w sprawie utworzenia powiatu morskiego w Gdyni.
  4. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej z dnia 29 lutego 1928 r. w sprawie zmiany art. 1 rozporządzenia z dnia 30 października 1926 r. o utworzeniu powiatu morskiego w Gdyni.
  5. ^ Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 11 stycznia 1929 r. o wyłączeniu gminy miejskiej Gdynia z powiatu morskiego i utworzeniu z niej odrębnego powiatu miejskiego.
  6. ^ S. Szulc (editor): Drugi Powszechny Spis Ludności z dn. 9.XII 1931 r. Mieszkania i gospodarstwa domowe. Ludność,Central Statistical Office, 1938.
  7. ^ Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 9 czerwca 1934 r. o zmianie granic powiatów kartuskiego i morskiego w województwie pomorskiem.
  8. ^ Rozporządzenie Ministra Spraw Wewnętrznych z dnia 21 lipca 1934 r. o podziale powiatu morskiego w województwie pomorskiem na gminy wiejskie.
  9. ^ Bogdan Chrzanowski: Utworzenie administracji Hitlerowskiej, in: Stutthof: Hitlerowski obóz koncentracyjny. Warsaw: Interpress, 1988, p. 12-13.
  10. ^ A. W. Kafemann: Statistischen Landesamt Danzig-Westpreussen (1944): Gemeinde- und Wohnplatzlexikon des Reichsgaus Danzig-Westpreussen, vol. 1. Gdańsk.
  11. ^ Aleksander Gella: Zagłada Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej 1945–1947, Warsaw, 1998.
  12. ^ Andrzej Ajnenkiel: Polskie konstytucje. Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna. 1983. ISBN 83-214-0256-9.
  13. ^ Powszechny Sumaryczny Spis Ludności z dn. 14 II 1946 r., Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1947, p. 11.
  14. ^ Rocznik Statystyczny 1947, Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 1947, p. 16.
  15. ^ Rozporządzenie Rady Ministrów z dnia 23 czerwca 1951 r. w sprawie zmiany nazwy powiatu morskiego.