About this soundGamvik  (Northern Sami: Gáŋgaviika) is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Mehamn. The other main villages in Gamvik include Gamvik and Skjånes. Gamvik is known as one of the poorest and most undeveloped municipalities in Norway. The number of inhabitants rose at one moment in 2012, but in 2014, after the fish factory closed, the population declined dramatically with the departure of the eastern European fishermen.

Gamvik kommune

Gáŋgaviikka gielda
View of Mehamn on new year's day (during the polar night)
View of Mehamn on new year's day (during the polar night)
Flag of Gamvik kommune
Flag
Official logo of Gamvik kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Gamvik within Troms og Finnmark
Gamvik within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 71°02′28″N 27°51′05″E / 71.04111°N 27.85139°E / 71.04111; 27.85139Coordinates: 71°02′28″N 27°51′05″E / 71.04111°N 27.85139°E / 71.04111; 27.85139
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictØst-Finnmark
Established1 Jan 1914
Administrative centreMehamn
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Alf Normann Hansen (SV)
Area
 • Total1,416.34 km2 (546.85 sq mi)
 • Land1,354.87 km2 (523.12 sq mi)
 • Water61.47 km2 (23.73 sq mi)  4.3%
Area rank65 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,132 (Decrease)
 • Rank326 in Norway
 • Density0.8/km2 (2/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
12.2%
Demonym(s)Gamviking or
Gamvikværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5439
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitegamvik.kommune.no

Most people live in the village of Mehamn (about 500 inhabitants), which has an airport, Mehamn Airport, and is also a port of call of the hurtigruten coastal boats. The Slettnes Lighthouse near the village of Gamvik is the northernmost lighthouse on the mainland of Europe. Nervei and Langfjordbotn are two very small villages in southern Gamvik that are only accessible by boat. Finnkongkeila is an abandoned village along the Tanafjorden.

The 1,416-square-kilometre (547 sq mi) municipality is the 65th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Gamvik is the 326th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,132. The municipality's population density is 0.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (2.1/sq mi) and its population has increased by 12.2% over the last decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
View from Gamvik
 
View of the Slettnes Nature Reserve
 
View of Mehamn

The municipality of Gamvik was established on 1 January 1914 when the old Tana Municipality was divided into three municipalities: Tana (population: 1,426) in the south, Berlevåg (population: 784) in the northeast, and Gamvik (population: 1,371) in the northwest. The municipal boundaries have not changed since that time.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Finnmark county.[6]

NameEdit

The Old Norse form of the name may have been Gangvík. The first element is then gangr which means "path" and the last element is vík which means "cove" or "wick".[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times. They were granted on 28 September 1990. The arms show three gold/yellow fishing net sewing needles set diagonally on a red background. These needles are a characteristic maritime tool used for making and mending the fishing nets used by local fishermen. These arms were chosen to emphasize the importance of fishing in the area.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Gamvik. It is part of the Hammerfest prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Gamvik
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Gamvik Gamvik Church Gamvik 1958
Hop Church Skjånes 1977
Mehamn Chapel Mehamn 1965

HistoryEdit

In June 1972 construction started for [a landside terminal and] running a SOSUS cable into the sea.[9] The SOSUS station was one of more than twenty worldwide.[9]

1982 air crashEdit

On 12 March 1982, a Widerøe Twin Otter, registration number LN-BNK, crashed into the sea near Mehamn, killing all fifteen on board. More than twenty years and four rounds of investigation later, this incident remains highly controversial in Norway.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Gamvik, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Øst-Finnmark District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Gamvik is made up of 13 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Gamvik Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
Total number of members:13
Gamvik Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
Total number of members:13
Gamvik Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:13
Gamvik Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:13
Gamvik Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)5
Total number of members:13
Gamvik Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)2
Total number of members:13
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)6
 Fjoran Cross-Party List (Fjoran Tverrpolitiske liste)1
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)4
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)7
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Cross-Party List (Tverrpolitisk liste)6
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Cross-Party Common List (Tverrpolitisk fellesliste)4
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Cross-Party Common List (Tverrpolitisk fellesliste)6
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Common List for Gamvik and Fjord district
(Fellesliste for Gamvik og Fjorddistrikt)
3
 Mehamn Free Voter List
(Mehamn Frie Velgeres Liste)
1
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
8
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
7
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
11
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)14
Total number of members:17
Gamvik Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:16
Gamvik Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
9
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:16
Gamvik Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
16
Total number of members:16
Gamvik Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)6
Total number of members:16

MayorsEdit

The mayors of Gamvik (incomplete list):

GeographyEdit

The municipality consists of the eastern half of the Nordkinn Peninsula. Kinnarodden, located in Gamvik, is the northernmost point of mainland Europe (the more well-known North Cape is located nearby on Magerøya island). The Tanafjorden flows along the eastern coast of Gamvik. Lebesby Municipality is located to the west and Tana Municipality is located to the south. Across the fjord to the east is Berlevåg Municipality.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Slettnes Lighthouse
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.0
(33.8)
4.7
(40.5)
8.7
(47.7)
11.9
(53.4)
11.3
(52.3)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.8
(38.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.8
(37.0)
6.3
(43.3)
9.3
(48.7)
9.2
(48.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.7
(35.1)
Average low °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.8
(33.4)
4.3
(39.7)
7.3
(45.1)
7.2
(45.0)
4.7
(40.5)
0.3
(32.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.9)
37
(1.5)
35
(1.4)
34
(1.3)
36
(1.4)
37
(1.5)
45
(1.8)
46
(1.8)
53
(2.1)
67
(2.6)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
539
(21.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.2 10.7 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.4 9.1 10.4 13.4 15.7 14.4 13.8 140.1
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[29]

BirdlifeEdit

The area surrounding the lighthouse at Slettnes is also an interesting locality for those interested in birds and birdwatching. There is a nature reserve and bird observatory.


 
Ragnhild Vassvik Kalstad, 2012

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (2019-12-24). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 237.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
  9. ^ a b https://www.nrk.no/dokumentar/xl/hemmelige-rom-ii_-episode-2-1.12703387
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
  12. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  13. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  29. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External linksEdit