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Funeral of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

The public funeral of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother occurred on Tuesday, 9 April 2002 in Westminster Abbey in London, following her death on 30 March 2002 at the age of 101.

Funeral of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Queen Mother Carriage.jpg
The Queen Mother's carriage, surmounted by her crown, adorned with camellias from her own gardens and draped in her personal standard, travels down to Westminster Abbey.
Date Tuesday, 9 April 2002 (2002-04-09)
9:48–13:50
Location Westminster Abbey, London (official ceremony)
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle (resting place)
Participants British Royal Family

Contents

BackgroundEdit

The Queen Mother had been suffering from a persistent cold which she caught during Christmas 2001. She was bedridden at Sandringham after her final public engagement on 22 November 2001, when she attended the recommissioning of HMS Ark Royal.[1] However, despite missing many other scheduled events—such as the 100th birthday celebrations of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, on 12 December 2001;[2] the annual luncheon of the Women's Institutes, of which she was President, on 23 January 2002,[3] and traditional church services at Sandringham[4]—she was determined to attend the funeral of her younger daughter Princess Margaret. On 13 February she slipped in her sitting room at Sandringham,[5] causing considerable concern to her daughter, the Queen, and the rest of the royal family), but she travelled to Windsor by helicopter the following day.[6] She attended the funeral on 15 February in a people carrier with blacked–out windows,[7][8](which had recently been used by Margaret)[9][10][11] shielded from the press according to her wishes so that no photographs of her in a wheelchair could be taken. She then returned to Royal Lodge. On 5 March 2002 she attended lunch at the annual lawn party of the Eton Beagles, and watched the Cheltenham races on television; but her health rapidly deteriorated during her last weeks after retreating to the Lodge for the final time.[12] She weakened further throughout March 2002, and died on 30 March (Easter Saturday) with her surviving daughter, Queen Elizabeth II, at her bedside.

The Queen Mother's body lay at the altar of the Royal Chapel of All Saints near Royal Lodge before being taken to London for her lying in state and funeral.[13]

The published order of service included as a preface the verse beginning "You can shed tears that she is gone" (attributed to an anonymous author) selected by the Queen. The verse became widely popular after the funeral, and was later revealed to be based on a poem written some 20 years earlier by David Harkins, an aspiring artist from Carlisle.[14][15]

The funeralEdit

 
The West Door of Westminster Abbey, the venue of the Queen Mother's funeral.

The funeral was held in London. It started at 9:48 am on 9 April 2002, when the tenor bell of Westminster Abbey sounded 101 times, each chime representing a year that the Queen Mother had lived. At 11:18 am the coffin was carried from Westminster Hall in the Palace of Westminster where the Queen Mother's coffin - draped in her personal standard and with her crown resting on a cushion - had been lying in state on a six-foot (1.8 m) catafalque. The coffin was then taken to the Abbey, about 300 metres away, accompanied by a massed pipe band of 128 musicians drawn from 13 British and Commonwealth regiments.[16] The following members of the Royal Family followed the procession: The Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Charles, Prince Andrew, Princess Anne, Prince Edward, Prince William, Prince Harry, Viscount Linley, Peter Phillips, Daniel Chatto, The Duke of Gloucester, The Duke of Kent, Prince Michael of Kent and Timothy Laurence. Also accompanying the royal family were members of the Bowes-Lyon family and some of her senior household staff. During the funeral the Union Flag flew at half mast over Buckingham Palace, and her own personal royal standard at Clarence House (the Queen Mother's official London residence since 1952).[17] After the funeral, the Queen Mother's personal standard was lowered for the final time.

The doors of Westminster Abbey were first opened at 9:45 am, and the first of the 2,100 guests arrived; most of the guests were in their seats by 10:30 am. Five minutes later, VIPs and Heads of State began arriving via the Great West Door. At 10:40 am, the bearer party of the Irish Guards arrived at Westminster Hall, positioning themselves outside the North Door. A guard of honour was mounted by the Nijmegen Company of the Grenadier Guards, and the members of the Royal Family walking in the funeral procession arrived from Buckingham Palace and St. James's Palace. Royalty who were not in the procession arrived at the Grand Entrance of Buckingham Palace. All this took part[clarification needed] at 10:50 am.

The Queen Mother's funeral carriage. The coffin is draped with her personal standard, shown below.

The procession lasted from 11:00 am until 11:16 am. Members of the Royal Family were chauffeured to the Abbey's Great West Door at 11:05 am to be received by the Dean of Westminster (Wesley Carr) and Chapter, and conducted to St. George's Chapel. Two minutes later, the visiting clergy participating in the service, such as the then Archbishop of Canterbury George Carey, processed along the centre aisle of the Abbey. The Queen left Buckingham Palace in the royal Rolls Royce at 11:12 am, arriving with her entourage at the Great West Door four minutes later. She and others, including Lady Sarah and Daniel Chatto, Zara Phillips, Timothy Laurence, Viscountess Linely, Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie then walked down the Centre Aisle to their seats in the Lantern. The funeral service began at 11:30 am, lasting about 50 minutes.

The funeral started with the choir singing the Funeral Sentences, composed by William Croft and Henry Purcell. The first lesson from Ecclesiastes, chapter 12, verses 1-7, was read by Dr David Hope, the Archbishop of York, and the second lesson, from the Book of Revelation, chapter 7, verses 9-17, was read by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, the Archbishop of Westminster. The sermon was given by Dr George Carey, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and a reading from The Pilgrim's Progress was given by the Reverend Anthony Burnham, the Moderator of The Free Churches Group. The Psalm was Psalm 121, sung to a setting by William McKie. The hymns were Immortal, Invisible, God Only Wise; words by Walter Chalmers Smith to the traditional Welsh tune St Denio, and Guide me, O thou great Redeemer, by William Williams to the tune Cwm Rhondda by John Hughes. The anthems were How lovely are they dwellings fair by Johannes Brahms and Holy is the true light by William Henry Harris. The service finished with the Last Post, the proclamation of the Queen Mother's styles and titles by the Garter King at Arms Peter Gwynn-Jones, Reveille and the National Anthem. The voluntary was the Prelude and Fugue in E flat, BWV552 by Johann Sebastian Bach, and the Abbey bells rang half-muffled to a peal of Stedman Caters of 5101 changes.[18]

At 12:25 pm, the bearer party lifted the coffin from the catafalque in the Abbey to the hearse outside the West Gate. The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh observed the departure of the coffin by road for Windsor, along with other members of the Royal Family. The car procession began at 12:35 pm, via Broad Sanctuary, the west side of Parliament Square, Whitehall, Horse Guards, Horse Guards Arch, The Mall, the south and west sides of Victoria Memorial, Constitution Hill, Wellington Arch, Hyde Park Corner, Queen Elizabeth Gate, South Carriage Drive, Queen's Gate, Great West Road and Datchet. The journey took around 75 minutes.

The Queen and Duke then left the abbey by car for Buckingham Palace at 12:40 pm, followed by others in the processions three minutes later. The Queen arrived at the Palace five minutes later, and there was a lunch for dignitaries at 1:00 pm.

IntermentEdit

Queen Elizabeth was interred in the George VI Memorial Chapel next to her husband, King George VI, who had died 50 years previously. At the same time, the ashes of the Queen Mother's daughter, Princess Margaret, who had died on 9 February 2002, were also interred in a private family service.

GuestsEdit

Immediate familyEdit

  • Mrs Marina Ogilvy, the Queen Mother's grandniece
  • The Rt. Hon. The Dowager Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne, widow of the Queen Mother's nephew
  • The Rt. Hon. The Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne, the Queen Mother's grandnephew and his first wife
  • Lord Glamis, the Queen Mother's great-grandnephew
  • Lady Elizabeth Leeming and Mr Antony Leeming, the Queen Mother's grandniece and her husband
  • Mr Anthony Leeming, the Queen Mother's great-grandnephew
  • Mr Richard Leeming, the Queen Mother's great-grandnephew
  • Miss Teresa Leeming, the Queen Mother's great-grandniece
  • Lady Diana Faussett and Mr Christopher Faussett, the Queen Mother's grandniece and her husband
  • Lady Mary Colman and Sir Timothy Colman, the Queen Mother's niece and her husband
  • Major Alexander Tetley, the Queen Mother's grandnephew
  • The Hon. Mr. Albemarle Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother's nephew
  • Lady Marcia Bulmer, the Queen Mother's grandniece
  • The Rt. Hon. The Dowager Countess of Stair, the Queen Mother's niece
  • The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Stair, the Queen Mother's grandnephew
  • The Hon. David Dalrymple, the Queen Mother's grandnephew
  • The Hon. Michael Dalrymple, the Queen Mother's grandnephew
  • Sir Simon and Lady Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother's nephew and his wife
  • Mr John Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother's first cousin, once removed
  • Mr David Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mother's first cousin, once removed

Extended familyEdit

  • Lord and Lady Ivar Mountbatten

Foreign royaltyEdit

Prime Ministers and PresidentsEdit

OtherEdit

[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Queen Mother 'ill with bug', Yorkshire Post, 23 January 2002, retrieved 20 August 2013 
  2. ^ Vickers, Hugo (2005). Elizabeth, The Queen Mother. London: Hutchinson. p. 495. ISBN 0-09-180010-2. 
  3. ^ Queen Mother misses engagement, BBC, 23 January 2002, retrieved 20 August 2013 
  4. ^ Davies, Caroline (31 December 2001), Queen Mother misses third service, London: The Telegraph, retrieved 20 August 2013 
  5. ^ Queen Mother's fall 'won't keep her from Margaret's funeral', London: Daily Mail, 13 February 2002, retrieved 20 August 2013 
  6. ^ Mother courage, London: The Sun, 14 February 2002, retrieved 20 August 2013 
  7. ^ BBC News bulletin after Queen Mother dies, YouTube, 30 March 2002, retrieved 1 May 2009 
  8. ^ Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother: Frailty fails to dim devotion to duty; Reaching old age., The Birmingham Post, 1 April 2002, retrieved 30 August 2013 
  9. ^ Vickers, p. 497
  10. ^ Davies, Caroline (16 February 2002), Bell tolls for Margaret's final journey, London: The Telegraph, retrieved 22 September 2013 
  11. ^ Kay, Richard (16 February 2002), Queen Mother's brave farewell, London: The Daily Mail, retrieved 24 September 2013 
  12. ^ Vickers, pp. 498–499
  13. ^ "Gun salutes honour Queen Mother". The Guardian. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  14. ^ "'Mysterious origin' of funeral poem", BBC News, 11 April 2002. Retrieved 8 June 2015
  15. ^ Matt Seaton, "The accidental laureate", The Guardian, 16 September 2002. Retrieved 8 June 2015
  16. ^ Alderson, Andrew; Lusher, Adam (7 April 2002). "http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1390045/Queen-Mothers-human-side-seen-in-poems-and-hymns.html". www.telegraph.co.uk. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 26 September 2014.  External link in |title= (help)
  17. ^ http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/the-queen-mothers-royal-standard-flag-flying-at-half-mast-news-photo/52109517
  18. ^ "Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother: Full text of the service held at Westminster Abbey". www.theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media Limited. 9 April 2002. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Nobilimea Europei, în doliu [en. European Royalty grieving]", Evenimentul zilei (in Romanian), 10 April 2002, retrieved 26 March 2014 
  20. ^ http://www.angelfire.com/realm2/coronation/funeralguests.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External sourcesEdit