Princess Muna al-Hussein
Princess Muna Al-Hussein (born Antoinette Avril Gardiner; 25 April 1941) is the mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan. She was the second wife of King Hussein; the couple divorced on 21 December 1972. She is British by birth, and changed her name to Muna Al-Hussein upon marriage.
Princess Muna with sons Faisal and Abdullah (right) in 1964
|Princess consort of Jordan|
|Tenure||25 May 1961 – 21 December 1972|
|Born||Antoinette Avril Gardiner|
25 April 1941
Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England
Hussein of Jordan
(m. 1961; div. 1972)
|Issue||Abdullah II of Jordan |
|House||Hashemite (by marriage)|
|Father||Walter Percy Gardiner|
|Mother||Doris Elizabeth Sutton|
Muna Al-Hussein was born Antoinette Avril Gardiner in Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England, the daughter of Doris Elizabeth (née Sutton) and Walter Percy "Tony" Gardiner. She attended Bourne School in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which was administered by the British Families Education Service for the children of British service personnel stationed overseas, where she was an A-grade field hockey player. The school closed when British forces withdrew from Malaya.
Gardiner's father was a British Army officer who finished his career with the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was the son of Arthur Gardiner, a gamekeeper. He joined the Royal Engineers at the age of 17, and was stationed in Mandatory Palestine for 18 months in the 1930s. He later served in France, North Africa, and Italy during World War II.
Marriage and childrenEdit
Gardiner met the King of Jordan, Hussein, while working as a secretarial assistant on the film set of Lawrence of Arabia. The King had allowed his troops to work as extras on this film and would occasionally visit to monitor the production's progress. However, there is another report, stating that Gardiner and the King met when her father began to work as a military adviser in Jordan.
Gardiner married King Hussein in Amman, Jordan, on 25 May 1961. The Jordanian constitution requires that any heir to the throne be born of a legitimate couple, and both parents should be Muslims. She kept the title Her Royal Highness Princess Muna al-Hussein after the divorce. Together they had four children:
- Abdullah (born 1962; now King Abdullah II of Jordan)
- Faisal (born 1963)
- Aisha (born 1968, twin of Princess Zein)
- Zein (born 1968, twin of Princess Aisha)
They were divorced on 21 December 1972. After her divorce, she was allowed to keep the style of Royal Highness and the title of Princess of Jordan. She continues to work and live in Jordan.
Causes and activitiesEdit
She is involved in the development of nursing in Jordan, founding the Princess Muna Scholarship Fund for Nursing. In 1962, she founded the Princess Muna College of Nursing, now the Princess Muna College of Nursing and Allied Health Professions.
- Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon with Collar of the Order of al-Hussein bin Ali
- Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance, Special Class
- Greek Royal Family: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Beneficence
- Iranian Imperial Family: Recipient of the Commemorative Medal of the 2,500 year Celebration of the Persian Empire
- Malaysia: Honorary Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of the Defender of the Realm
- Romanian Royal Family: Extra Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Crown
- Tunisia: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Republic
- Princess Muna al-Hussein. hamgallery.com
- "Lieutenant-Colonel Tony Gardiner". The Telegraph. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- Ewing, Richard (5 February 1999). "Prince's secretary mum who married a king". Coventy Evening Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Chapter VI Part I, Article 28th of The Jordanian Constitution
- Princess Muna Scholarship Fund for Nursing Archived 22 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Kafd.jo. Retrieved on 28 July 2015.
- "Princess Muna College". jrms.gov.jo. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014.
- Al-Hashimi Dynasty. Royal Ark. Retrieved on 28 July 2015.
- Princess Muna wearing the Orders of the Supreme Renaissance and of the Republic
- Iran Politics Club
- "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1965" (PDF).
- Romania Regala
- Romania Regala
- Romania Regala
- Order of the Republic