Vice Admiral Sir Timothy James Hamilton Laurence, KCVO, CB, ADC(P) (born 1 March 1955) is a retired Royal Navy officer and the second husband of Princess Anne, the only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. Laurence was Equerry to the Queen from 1986 to 1989.
Sir Timothy Laurence
|Birth name||Timothy James Hamilton Laurence|
|Born||1 March 1955|
Camberwell, London, England
|Years of service||1973–2011|
|Commands held||HMS Cygnet (1982–83)|
HMS Boxer (1990–92)
HMS Cumberland (1995–96)
HMS Montrose (1996)
Chief Executive, Defence Estates (2007–10)
|Battles/wars||NATO intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order|
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches
Anne, Princess Royal (m. 1992)
Early life and educationEdit
Timothy James Hamilton Laurence was born in Camberwell, South London, the son of Commander Guy Stewart Laurence, RN (also salesman for a marine engine manufacturer) and Barbara Alison Laurence (née Symons, d. 2 July 2019). Timothy has an older brother Jonathan Dobree Laurence (c. May 1952).
Laurence was educated at The New Beacon Preparatory School and then at Sevenoaks School, Kent, and University College, University of Durham, on a Naval Scholarship, where he received a Bachelor of Science upper 2nd class honours degree in geography. At university, he edited the student newspaper, Palatinate, and was captain of his college cricket team.
He was promoted to midshipman on 1 January 1973, and acting sub-lieutenant on 1 January 1975. Upon leaving Durham he completed his initial training at the Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth, and was posted to HMS Aurora, a Plymouth-based frigate. He was promoted to lieutenant 10 months early, on 1 March 1977.
Laurence then served briefly as the second Navigating Officer of the Royal Yacht HMY Britannia, and from 1980 to 1982 he was Navigating Officer of the destroyer HMS Sheffield. He took command of the patrol boat HMS Cygnet off Northern Ireland in 1982, as part of the patrols for IRA gun-runners. For his services he was mentioned in despatches.
After attending HMS Dryad for the Principal Warfare Officer course, Laurence was promoted to lieutenant commander (1 March 1985), and posted to the frigate HMS Alacrity. He attended the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) Tactics Course (RANTACCS) at HMAS Watson, Sydney in March 1986 during which he was notified of his first staff appointment commencing April 1986 as Equerry to the Queen. He was promoted to commander on 31 December 1988.
In October 1989, he was posted to the new frigate HMS Boxer, and took over as Commanding Officer on 30 January 1990, at the early age 34.
Between 1992 and 1994, Laurence served on the naval staff in the Ministry of Defence, London. On 16 May 1994, he was appointed the first Military Assistant to the Secretary of State for Defence, Malcolm Rifkind, to provide military advice in his private office.
Laurence was promoted to captain on 30 June 1995, and until 1996 commanded the frigate HMS Cumberland. In May 1996, the ship returned from the Adriatic, where HMS Cumberland served in the NATO-led IFOR Task Force. On 27 August 1996, Laurence was appointed Commanding Officer of the frigate HMS Montrose as well as Captain of the 6th Frigate Squadron. Until October 1996 the ship was deployed to the South Atlantic, on Falkland Islands patrol.
In July 1997, he returned to the Ministry of Defence, first on the Naval Staff and then from June 1998, on promotion to commodore, as a member of the Implementation Team for the 1998 Strategic Defence Review.
From January 1999, he was Hudson Visiting Fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford, where he wrote a paper on the relationship between humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping. He was then posted to the Joint Services Command and Staff College as a Commodore, as Assistant Commandant (Navy), effective 15 June 1999.
From 2001 to the spring of 2004, he was back at the Ministry of Defence, as Director of Navy Resources and Programmes.
Laurence was promoted to Rear Admiral to date 5 July 2004, and appointed Assistant Chief of the Defence Staff with responsibility for Resources and Plans, July 2004. On 30 April 2007, he was promoted to vice admiral, and appointed Chief Executive of Defence Estates (since renamed Defence Infrastructure Organisation, as of 2008).
He became Head of Profession for the British Government's Property Asset Management community in July 2009. The community includes practitioners in construction procurement, estates & property management and facilities/contracts management. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) has made Laurence an Honorary Member in recognition of this very significant span of asset management responsibility.
He retired from the Navy in August 2010 and now pursues a portfolio of mainly non-executive and charitable interests, with a particular emphasis on property and regeneration. He was on the Board of the project management company Capita Symonds until 2014 and is non-executive Chairman of the property developers Dorchester Regeneration. He is non-executive Chairman of Purfleet Centre Regeneration, a newly established company specialising in site reclamation and regeneration. He was a Senior Military Adviser to PA Consulting until 2015.
Laurence has been Chairman of the English Heritage Trust since April 2015 and until 30 June 2019 was Vice Chairman of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. He is a Trustee of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution and Chairman of its Operations Committee, and is a Trustee of the HMS Victory Preservation Company. His transport interests include membership of the Great Western Advisory Board. Other activities include tennis, golf, sailing, field sports and battlefield tours.
Laurence met Princess Anne when he served as an Equerry to Queen Elizabeth II in 1986, at a time when it was widely rumoured that her first marriage to Captain Mark Phillips was breaking down. In 1989, the existence of private letters from Laurence to the Princess was revealed by The Sun newspaper, though it did not name the sender. Buckingham Palace issued a statement: "The stolen letters were addressed to the Princess Royal by Commander Timothy Laurence, the Queen's Equerry. We have nothing to say about the contents of personal letters sent to Her Royal Highness by a friend which were stolen and which are the subject of a police investigation."
Laurence and Princess Anne were married on 12 December 1992 in a Church of Scotland ceremony at Crathie Parish Church, Ballater, near Balmoral (the Church of Scotland permits second marriages for divorced people). He received no peerage on marriage, but was made a personal aide-de-camp to the Queen in 2008 and invested in June 2011 as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.
Princess Anne kept her country estate, Gatcombe Park in Gloucestershire, after her divorce from Mark Phillips. After they were married, she and Laurence leased, as their London residence, a flat in the Dolphin Square complex in Westminster. They later returned to apartments in Buckingham Palace and now have an apartment at St James's Palace.
- 1973: Midshipman
- 1975: Acting Sub-Lieutenant
- 1977: Lieutenant
- 1985: Lieutenant-Commander
- 1988: Commander
- 1995: Captain
- 1999: Commodore
- 2004: Rear Admiral
- 2007: Vice Admiral
|Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)||14 June 2011|
|Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO)||1989|
|Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)||16 June 2007|
|General Service Medal (1962)||1982, with 1 Clasp Northern Ireland and palm for Mentioned in Despatches|
|Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal||6 February 2002|
|Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal||6 February 2012|
|Companion of the Order of the Star of Melanesia (Papua New Guinea)||2005|
- "Happy birthday Sir Timothy Laurence: ten facts about Princess Anne's husband". Hello!. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Alumni in the Armed Forces". Durham University. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- Qualtrough, Stuart (23 May 1999). "People's Prince Will's may go to Durham University". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 28 August 2007.
- "In Quiet Scottish Ceremony, Anne Marries Naval Officer". The New York Times. 13 December 1992. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Getting to know Timothy Laurence". Royal Central. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "No. 57345". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 July 2004. p. 8387.
- Tom Newton Dunn (25 January 2007). "Anne's Tim is in top ten of Navy". The Sun. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- Emily Wright (11 July 2008). "The line of duty – Tim Laurence, Defence Estates". Building.
- Proctor, Charlie (12 December 2017). "Princess Anne and Sir Tim Laurence celebrate 25 years of marriage". Royal Central. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- Eden, Richard (21 October 2012). "Royal concern as billion-pound contract could be clinched by firm that employs Princess Anne's husband". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Senior Management Team". Dorchester Group. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Sir Tim Laurence: We're serious about £800m Purfleet plan". Thurrock Gazette. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Vice Admiral Tim Laurence appointed as Senior Advisor at PA Consulting Group". PA Consulting. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Our People". English Heritage. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "HRH Princess Anne and Sir Tim Laurence attend CWGC Cemetery to mark centenary of the Zeebrugge Raid". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "Vice Admiral Sir Tim Laurence KCVO CB ADC (P)". Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- "The HMS Victory Preservation Company". CharityData. Retrieved 17 May 2018.
- Kaufman, Joanne; Cooper, Jonathan (24 April 1989). "A Crisis Rocks a Royal Marriage". People. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- "Commonwealth War Graves Commission appoints new Commissioner" (Press release). 11 July 2011. Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- The Royal Residences – St. James's Palace – Royal Archived 9 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine