Fremont Peak Observatory

Fremont Peak Observatory (FPOA) is an astronomical observatory operated by Fremont Peak Observatory Association and operated by Fremont Peak Observatory Association (FPOA) under contract to the State of California.[1] Built in 1986, it is located in Fremont Peak State Park, near San Juan Bautista, California. Fremont Peak Observatory houses the Challenger telescope.[2]

Fremont Peak Observatory
Fremont Peak Observatory viewed from Fremont Peak.jpg
Fremont Peak Observatory viewed from Fremont Peak
OrganizationFremont Peak Observatory Association
LocationFremont Peak State Park
Coordinates36°45′36.8″N 121°29′55.4″W / 36.760222°N 121.498722°W / 36.760222; -121.498722
Altitude838 meters (2749 feet)
Established1986
Websitefpoa.net
Telescopes
Challenger Telescope30" f4.8 reflector
Fremont Peak Observatory is located in the United States
Fremont Peak Observatory
Location of Fremont Peak Observatory

HistoryEdit

The observatory is named after the mountain it resides on, Fremont Peak which was itself named for American explorer and U.S. Army Captain John C. Frémont. Previously the peak had been named for the Spanish word for hawk, Gabilan Peak. The California state park service "acquired the peak in 1936".[3]

The first group to use the peak as an observatory was the San Mateo Astronomical Society in the late 1960s. The location, which allowed amateur astronomers to see above the fog line and block out much of the lights from Monterey County infrastructure made the area popular for groups from the North Bay Area.[4] Volunteers raised $25,000 from equipment donated by telescope manufacturer Celestron. With donated time, labor and equipment formed the Fremont Peak Observatory Association which became a 510(c)(3) non-profit. The observatory opened on May 30, 1987 with the free program "The Realm of the Galaxies".[5][6]

In 2003 the State Park Department made "significant improvements" to the observatory grounds which included the removal of four large trees which had been obscuring the southern sky in the observing area. New roads, observing pads with power outlets, walkways and "low-intensity safety lighting" were added. A large multi-use area was added on the west side of the observatory.[7]

Fremont Peak Observatory was under threat of closure due to the 2009 California budget crisis. In a statement on the FPOA website,[8] FPOA President Doug Brown references a request by the California Department of Parks and Recreation to FPOA to donate $100,000 to the State of California or face the closure of the park. Budget considerations resulted in a curtailing of park hours.

'We teach people about astronomy, and what is out in the universe and where are we in it, as well some of the history and dynamics of what's going on out there.' – president Doug Brown[9]

Challenger telescopeEdit

The facility uses a telescope called Challenger named after the Space Shuttle Challenger. This is a 30-inch diameter primary mirror, "one of the largest telescopes available for public use"[10] on an "English cross-axis equatorial mount" with a f/4.8 Newtonian lens. The telescope was made by Kevin and Denni Medlock from the Eastbay Astronomical Society,[11][12] "in the early 1980s. First light was 1986."[13] They "ground the mirror and built the scope in their garage".[4] The scope weighs one ton and sits in a room the size of a classroom, according to intern, Edwin Levin, the "'mirror itself weighs 250 pounds. It's bolted into solid concrete, straight through the mountain, down to bedrock. A little motor, which matches the speed of the earth's rotation, keeps the telescope centered on the object we’re looking at.'"[14] The telescope at the opening of the observatory in 1987, was valued at $50,000.[6]

After a program in the observatory's meeting room, the roof rolls back, the telescope is pointed at the sky, and you are transported from Earth to outer space as planets, nebulae, star clusters, double stars, and other deep sky objects appear. – Doris Sloan[4]

Cameras for Allsky Meteor Surveillance (CAMS)Edit

NASA astronomer Peter Jenniskens announced that the FPOA will be taking part in the Cameras for Allsky Meteor Surveillance (CAMS) project which aims to map meteor showers.[15][14]

2009 Lunar impactEdit

The FPOA held an "impact party" October 2009 which over fifty people attended to view the 4:30am event. NASA crashed a rocket into the moon in a test to measure for water, they claimed that the impact would cause a plume of dust would be visible to astronomers with mid-sized telescopes. NASA stated that the experiment was a success, but observers were not able to see the impact. While disappointed, Fremont Peak party attendees "were good sports" according to Vice-President of FPOA Dave Samuels, "they all learned something". Samuels stated "it was worth coming and being a part of something that was going on".[16][17]

OperationEdit

Fremont Peak Observatory operates strictly by trained volunteers. An intern program has been underway for several years, utilizing science students from nearby Hartnell College. The astronomical program dates continue to operate April through October on non-full Moon Saturday nights.[1]

In 2009 the association has 150 volunteers and operations on a budget of $3.000. Thirty events attracting a total of 2,000 visitors reported in 2008.[18]

Educator of the Year awardEdit

  • 2008 Andy Newton - Hartnell Planetarium Director - for "establishing and implementing the Hartnell College student internship program"[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "About". Fremont Peak Observatory Association. FPOA. Archived from the original on 2 January 2022. Retrieved 23 January 2022.
  2. ^ "The "Challenger" Telescope". Fremont Peak Observatory Association. FPOA. Archived from the original on 23 January 2022. Retrieved 23 January 2022.
  3. ^ "Fremont Peak State Park". stateparks.com. State Parks. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  4. ^ a b c Sloan, Doris. "The Fremont Peak Experience". baynature.org. Bay Nature Magazine. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  5. ^ "FPOA History". fpoa.net. FPOA. Archived from the original on 26 Jun 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b Stang, Lucas (May 29, 1987). "Tour the Universe: Observatory opens atop Fremont Peak". The Californian. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  7. ^ Jones, Morris; Koop, Mike. "Fremont Peak observatory gets a face lift". ephemeris.sjaa.net. SJAA Ephemeris. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  8. ^ "Resources to Help You Keep Fremont Peak Open". Archived from the original on August 27, 2009.
  9. ^ Brincks, Renee. "Starry Nights and Sunny Hikes". carmelmagazine.com. Carmel Magazine. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  10. ^ McKinney, John (23 April 1995). "A Peek at a Fremont Peak View". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Our Annual SFAA Night at Fremont Peak Observatory". Planitarium.net. SFAA. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  12. ^ Echenique, Jeannie (December 13, 1985). "A telescope tops Fremont Peak". The Californian. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  13. ^ "The Challenger Telescope". Fremont Peak Observatory Association. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  14. ^ a b Bane, Brendan. "In Pursuit of Perseids". Hilltromper Santa Cruz. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  15. ^ "CAMS". Ames Research Center. NASA. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  16. ^ Escobedo, Tricia. "Astronomy fans left disappointed after much-touted lunar impact". Technology. CNN. Archived from the original on 24 January 2022. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  17. ^ Chung, Sandra (October 10, 2009). "Moon crashes invisible on Friday". The Californian. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  18. ^ Chung, Sandra (October 10, 2009). "Moon - page 2". The Californian. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Newton is astronomy educator of the year". The Californian. August 19, 2008.

External linksEdit