William Franklin Graham III (born July 14, 1952) is an American evangelist and missionary in the evangelical movement. He frequently engages in Christian revival tours and political commentary. The son of Billy Graham, he is president and CEO of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA) and of Samaritan's Purse, an international Christian relief organization. Graham became a "committed Christian" in 1974 and was ordained in 1982, and has since become a public speaker and author.[3]

Franklin Graham
William Franklin Graham III

(1952-07-14) July 14, 1952 (age 71)
EducationLeTourneau University
Montreat College (AS)
Appalachian State University (BA)
OccupationChristian evangelist
Political partyRepublican (before 2015)
Independent (2015–present)[1]
Jane Cunningham
(m. 1974)
Children4, including Will[2]
Parent(s)Billy Graham
Ruth Graham
RelativesL. Nelson Bell (grandfather), Gigi Graham (sister), Anne Graham Lotz (sister)

Early life and education edit

William Franklin Graham III was born in Asheville, North Carolina, on July 14, 1952, to evangelist Billy Graham and Ruth Graham. He is the fourth of their five children.[4] As a teenager, Graham attended The Stony Brook School, a Christian private school on Long Island, New York, but dropped out. He finished high school in North Carolina.[5]

In 1970, Graham attended LeTourneau College in Longview, Texas, and was expelled from the school for keeping a female classmate out past curfew.[6] In 1973, Graham joined Bob Pierce, founder of Samaritan's Purse, on a six-week mission to Asia. During this trip, Graham decided to focus on world relief.[7] In 1974, he graduated from Montreat-Anderson College, now Montreat College, with an A.S. That same year on a trip to Jerusalem, he repented and experienced a new birth.[8] In 1978 he graduated from Appalachian State University with a B.A.[8][9][10]

He was ordained in 1982 by the Grace Community Church in Tempe, Arizona, a non-denominational church.[8]

Ministry edit

On the left, with his father Billy Graham, June 1994
Graham preaching in Knoxville, Tennessee

In 1979, after the death of Pierce, he became the president of Samaritan's Purse.[11]

In 1995, he became vice-president of the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association[6] and became the CEO in 2000.[12]

COVID vaccination edit

Graham has said in interviews and social media posts that he believes Jesus would approve of the COVID-19 vaccine, saying "that's what Jesus Christ would want us to do, to help save life. It's just a tool to help save life."[13][14][15] He has compared the vaccine to the oil and wine the Good Samaritan used to treat the wounds of the injured traveler, saying "Now the oil and wine were the medicines of that day."[15] He told ABC News, "I think for a pastor to tell someone not to take the vaccine is problematic because what would happen if that person got coronavirus and died?"[13][14]

Graham has also cited the work of Samaritan's Purse in describing his support for the vaccine. "We have seen what COVID can do," said Graham, citing Samaritan's Purse work to help during the outbreaks in Cremona, Italy; Los Angeles; North Carolina and the Bahamas.[15]

Graham has also spoken of seeing the effects of the virus in his own organization. "I've had some of my own staff, one of them was on a ventilator for three months, Graham said in an interview with CBS News, "...from what I have seen and experienced myself, I don't want COVID and I don't want anybody else to get it."[15] Graham stated that he and his wife are both vaccinated. He also stated, "I want people to know that COVID-19 can kill you. But we have a vaccine out there that could possibly save your life. And if you wait, it could be too late."[16]

Support of the Iraq War edit

Graham supported the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.

Controversies edit

Warsaw (June 14, 2014)

Islam edit

Graham came under criticism for comments he made about Islam in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks when he referred to Islam as "a very evil and wicked religion."[17] Further criticism came on April 18, 2003, when he preached at a Good Friday service at the Pentagon.[18] Graham has made controversial remarks against Islam saying, "True Islam cannot be practiced in this country," to CNN's Campbell Brown in December 2009. "You can't beat your wife. You cannot murder your children if you think they've committed adultery or something like that, which they do practice in these other countries."[19][20][21][22] On April 22, 2010, after objections from the Military Religious Freedom Foundation and the Muslim group Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR), the Pentagon rescinded his invitation from the Christian conservative National Day of Prayer Task Force to speak at a Pentagon National Day of Prayer event.[19]

In the August 30, 2010, issue of Time magazine, "Does America Hate Islam?" Graham reportedly said that Islam "is a religion of hatred. It's a religion of war." Building the cultural center near Ground Zero, he says, means Muslims "will claim now that the World Trade Center property...is Islamic land."[23]

In September 2010, Graham stated on ABC's This Week with Christiane Amanpour that building churches and synagogues is forbidden in most countries in the Islamic world.[24]

Two salaries edit

Franklin Graham drew scrutiny in 2009 for drawing a full-time salary from Samaritan's Purse while simultaneously receiving a full-time salary from Billy Graham Evangelistic Association (BGEA). This was called into question after his 2008 compensation from both organizations totaled $1.2 million. (Most of this was the result of a new IRS rule that required him to re-report deferred retirement contributions that had already been reported over the previous three years.[25]) Some experts on non-profit organizations have questioned whether one person can perform two full-time jobs leading organizations that employ hundreds and spend hundreds of millions around the world.[26] In response to the questions about his compensation, Graham decided to give up his salary from BGEA, stating his calling to the ministry "was never based on compensation." He also had contributions to his retirement plans suspended until the economy bounced back.[27] However, Graham was again criticized in 2015 when it was revealed he had again taken up his salary from BGEA where his annual compensation was significantly higher than that of the CEO's of similar, but much larger, non-profit organizations. [28]

According to 2014 data, Graham is the highest paid Samaritan's Purse employee at $622,252 annually and leads other charities in compensation.[29] The preacher gave up a salary at the evangelistic association during the late economic downturn,[30] but the leaders urged him to accept compensation again and he now receives increased retirement contributions as well as a regular salary.[31] The evangelistic association reported 2013 revenues as $106.5 million and 2014 as $112,893,788.[32][33]

Barack Obama (2009–2017) edit

On August 19, 2010, when asked by CNN correspondent John King if he had doubts that President Barack Obama is a Christian, Graham stated, "I think the president's problem is that he was born a Muslim; his father was a Muslim. The seed of Islam is passed through the father like the seed of Judaism is passed through the mother. He was born a Muslim, his father gave him an Islamic name." Graham continued, "Now it's obvious that the president has renounced the prophet Mohammed, and he has renounced Islam, and he has accepted Jesus Christ. That's what he says he has done. I cannot say that he hasn't. So I just have to believe that the president is what he has said."[34][35] In a March 2011 interview with the conservative Internet publication Newsmax, Graham claimed officials in the Obama administration had connections to the Muslim Brotherhood:

The Muslim Brotherhood is very strong and active in our country. It's infiltrated every level of our government. Right now we have many of these people that are advising the US military and State Department on how to respond in the Middle East, and it's like asking a fox, like a farmer asking a fox, "How do I protect my henhouse from foxes?" We've brought in Muslims to tell us how to make policy toward Muslim countries. And many of these people we've brought in, I'm afraid, are under the Muslim Brotherhood.[36]

In an open letter response, Graham apologized to President Obama, saying, "I regret any comments I have ever made which may have cast any doubt on the personal faith of our president, Mr. Obama. The president has said he is a Christian and I accept that." In the open letter closing Graham stated, "In this election season and challenging economic time I am praying for our country and for those who lead it—for we are commanded in Scripture to do so."[37]

Graham has commented on Hinduism as well, saying, "No elephant with 100 arms can do anything for me. None of their 9,000 gods is going to lead me to salvation."[38]

Opposition to indicting Sudan's Al-Bashir edit

When Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir was indicted by the International Criminal Court in March 2009, Graham argued in an op-ed in The New York Times that Bashir should not be indicted for alleged genocidal acts because the indictment would lead to the collapse of the 2005 peace agreement.[39]

Donald Trump (2017–2021) edit

In April 2011, Graham told ABC's This Week program that Donald Trump, who had recently declared an interest in the Republican nomination for the 2012 U.S. presidential race, was his preferred candidate.[40] During an MSNBC Morning Joe interview on February 21, 2012,[41] Graham said that Rick Santorum was most closely aligned to Christian values in his words and deeds and that Senator Santorum was certainly a Christian at heart. On President Obama, Graham said that he is "a fine man," but could not know whether the president was a Christian in his heart. Asked about Mitt Romney, Graham said that most Protestants do not view Mormonism as a Christian faith.[42]

On February 28, 2012, Graham responded to a one-page letter sent by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as an: "Open Letter from Leaders of Faith Regarding Statements by Franklin Graham." In the introduction to the one-page letter, the fourteen signatories stated: "We are greatly troubled by recent attempts by some religious leaders to use faith as a political weapon. We were disturbed and disappointed by statements made by Rev. Franklin Graham during an interview on MSNBC that questioned whether President Obama is a Christian." In closing, the open-letter stated: "We call on Rev. Graham and all Christian leaders to exemplify this essential teaching of Jesus and refrain from using Christianity as a weapon of political division."[43] In June 2016, Graham told a crowd, "I have zero hope for the Democratic Party; I have no hope for the Republican Party. I am running a campaign to put God back in the political process."[44] Nevertheless, in November 2016, Graham told The Washington Post that God had played a role in Donald Trump's election as U.S. president, saying: "I could sense going across the country that God was going to do something this year. And I believe that at this election, God showed up."[45] The same newspaper noted that the day after Trump's victory, Graham had posted a comment on Facebook in which he wrote, "Did God show up? […] In watching the news after the election, the secular media kept asking 'How did this happen?' 'What went wrong?' 'How did we miss this?' Some are in shock. Political pundits are stunned. Many thought the Trump/Pence ticket didn't have a chance. None of them understand the God-factor."[45] At the Inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017, Graham chose to read a passage from Paul's First Epistle to Timothy, chapter 2, which calls for prayers for all people, including "kings and for all those in authority, that we may live peacefully quiet lives in all godliness and holiness."[46]

Since the 2016 election, Graham has "become known, above all, as the most vociferous evangelical ally" of Trump.[47] He has strongly opposed the impeachment process, calling it an "unjust inquisition."[48] In a November 21, 2019, interview with Eric Metaxas, Graham suggested opposition to Trump was the work of a "demonic power."[49][50] In December, when Christianity Today magazine, founded by Graham's father Billy, published an editorial calling Trump "profoundly immoral" and supporting his removal from office, Graham responded by saying his father had voted for Trump and saw him as the "man for this hour in history for our nation" and that the magazine was "representing the elitist liberal wing of evangelicalism."[51][52]

In mid-December 2020, Graham wrote about the Trump presidency on Facebook, saying that "President Trump will go down in history as one of the great presidents of our nation, bringing peace and prosperity to millions here in the U.S. and around the world."[53]

In January 2021, Graham compared the ten Republican members of the House of Representatives who voted to impeach Trump to Judas Iscariot, suggesting that the Democrats had promised them "thirty pieces of silver".[54]

Support for conversion therapy edit

In 2017 Graham spoke against a bill proposing to ban conversion therapy. Referencing the biblical text of Leviticus 18:22, he said, "Homosexuality is defined by God as sin, an abomination to Him." He also compared conversion therapy to Conversion to Christianity.[55]

North Carolina Amendment 1 edit

Graham supported North Carolina Amendment 1, which was passed by a voter referendum on May 8, 2012, prohibiting same-sex marriage and all domestic partnerships.[56] Graham responded to Obama's May 9, 2012, statement of support for same-sex marriage, saying, "President Obama has, in my view, shaken his fist at the same God who created and defined marriage. It grieves me that our president would now affirm same-sex marriage, though I believe it grieves God even more."[57]

In December 2017, several British MPs urged the Home Secretary to consider refusing UK entry to Graham from speaking at an event due to take place in Blackpool in September 2018. As Graham represents the evangelical community, critics argued that those who want to ban Graham which means that individuals who have different opinions of LGBT rights would be banned in the UK. Gordon Marsden, an openly gay Labour MP suggested that Graham's comments may have contravened British laws on hate speech. As of February 2018, a petition against Graham being granted a visa had gathered more than 7,500 signatures. The pastor of Liberty Church in Blackpool, who organized the petition, said: "As a Christian and as a leader of a church that particularly welcomes LGBT people, I'm horrified that other local churches are inviting someone with this record of hate speech." The pastor said that Graham's visit had triggered an "enormous amount of protest from Christians in the north-west" of England, and his presence would be "extremely destructive in the area".[58]

Buttigieg tweets edit

After South Bend, Indiana mayor Pete Buttigieg became the first openly gay man to announce a run for the 2020 Democratic nomination for President against President Donald Trump, Graham attacked Buttigieg for his homosexuality and marriage to another gay man in April 2019, tweeting "Mayor Buttigieg says he's a gay Christian. As a Christian I believe the Bible which defines homosexuality as sin, something to be repentant of, not something to be flaunted, praised or politicized. The Bible says marriage is between a man & a woman—not two men, not two women." The tweet was one of three in a thread.[59][60][61][62][63]

The tweet was met with a strong negative response against Graham, much of which condemned Graham as a hypocrite for selective criticism of a Democratic candidate's perceived wrongdoings while remaining silent on those perceived of the incumbent Republican. MSNBC host Joe Scarborough denounced Graham on his Morning Joe program, saying, "Just shut up Franklin Graham! You are a disgrace! You are a disgrace for normalizing Donald Trump's behavior."[64] The Washington Post columnist Jennifer Rubin rebuked Graham as a "hypocritical bigot" who "has rationalized Trump's infidelity and racism, ignored his lies, cheered his inhumane immigration policy and behaved as a political hack rather than a religious leader," also writing "Buttigieg gets the benefit of being attacked by a right-winger whom progressives revile, gets to underscore a message of generational change and acceptance and gets to demonstrate what a class act he is. The other candidates must be wondering why some GOP hatemonger doesn't attack them."[65] Opinion pieces in the National Review,[66] The Charlotte Observer,[67] and The Arizona Republic[68] were also critical of Graham's comments.[69]

Commentary about Vladimir Putin edit

Graham defended Russian President Vladimir Putin's "gay propaganda" law and has praised his leadership for "protecting children from any homosexual agenda or propaganda." This opinion was expressed prior to the 2014 and 2022 invasions by Russia of Ukraine. [70] In the same article, Graham writes: "To be clear, I am not endorsing President Putin. To survive in the KGB and rise to power in Russia, you have to be tough. His enemies say he is ruthless. To some, he is a modern version of a czar. His personal life has its own controversies."

UK tour 2020 and 2022 edit

All venues booked for Franklin Graham's planned eight-city 2020 UK tour cancelled his booking after protests by LGBTQ+ activists, petitions and requests from local councils. Mayor of Liverpool, Joe Anderson, stated Liverpool is proud of its LGBT+ community and would challenge hatred and intolerance.[71] Graham's organisation said it would seek other venues. Many opponents said statements Graham had made were incompatible with their values, and that his appearance would be divisive, could be disruptive, or lead to a breach of the peace.[72][73] After threatening legal action for breach of contract and giving assurances to venues that his preaching would not be discriminatory, Graham's tour was rescheduled for mid-2022.[74]

Personal life edit

Graham married Jane Austin Cunningham of Smithfield, North Carolina, in 1974.[8] They have four children: William Franklin Graham IV (Will), born in 1975, Roy Austin Graham (b. 1977), Edward Bell Graham (b. 1979) and Jane Austin Graham Lynch (Cissie) (b. 1986). Graham and his wife have twelve grandchildren. He now lives in the mountains of Boone, North Carolina, with his wife.[75]

Graham underwent heart surgery in November 2021.[76]

Published works edit

  • Bob Pierce: This One Thing I Do (1983)
  • Rebel With A Cause: Finally Comfortable Being Graham (1995), autobiography
  • Miracle in a Shoe Box (1995)
  • Living Beyond the Limits: A Life in Sync with God (1998)
  • The Name (2002)
  • Kids Praying for Kids (2003)
  • All for Jesus (2003), with Ross Rhoads
  • A Wing and a Prayer (2005)
  • The Sower. Worthy Publishing. 2012. ISBN 9781617951114.

References edit

  1. ^ Gibson, David (December 22, 2015). "Evangelist Franklin Graham quits the Republican Party over Planned Parenthood funding". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  2. ^ "Franklin Graham". Franklin Graham Biography. Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Archived from the original on May 17, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
  3. ^ "Franklin Graham". Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  4. ^ "Franklin Graham biography". billygraham.org.
  5. ^ "The prodigal son comes home". CNN.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  6. ^ a b The Associated Press, Billy Graham Chooses Son as Likely Successor, nytimes.com, USA, November 9, 1995
  7. ^ George Thomas Kurian, Mark A. Lamport, Encyclopedia of Christianity in the United States, Volume 5, Rowman & Littlefield, USA, 2016, p. 2015
  8. ^ a b c d Paula Zahn, Franklin Graham Timeline, cnn.com, USA, 2001
  9. ^ "Sign In" (members only). Appalachian Alumni Association, Appalachian State University. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  10. ^ "Distinguished Alumni Award Recipients". Alumni Association, Appalachian State University. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  11. ^ Robert Wuthnow, Boundless Faith: The Global Outreach of American Churches, University of California Press, USA, 2009, p. 136
  12. ^ "Billy Graham's son takes the pulpit, his own way". USA Today. March 7, 2006. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  13. ^ a b "Franklin Graham supports vaccines and says Jesus would too". CHVN Radio.
  14. ^ a b Vann, Matthew; Folmer, Kaitlyn; Hosenball, Alex; Jung, Jinsol (March 15, 2021). "Blessing by way of medicine: These pastors preach COVID-19 vaccination". ABC News. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  15. ^ a b c d "Why "the pathway to ending the pandemic runs through the evangelical church"". www.cbsnews.com. CBS News. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  16. ^ Gstalter, Morgan (May 14, 2021). "Franklin Graham presses Christians: Get vaccine or 'it could be too late'".
  17. ^ "Evangelist's views on Islam draw critics in Winnipeg". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 22, 2006. Archived from the original on March 12, 2009. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  18. ^ "Muslims at Pentagon Incensed Over Invitation to Evangelist". Commondreams.org. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  19. ^ a b CNN: Graham disinvited from prayer event over Islam comments. April 23, 2010. Archived March 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "No-name radicals vs. 'South Park' just a distraction – CNN.com". CNN. April 26, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  21. ^ "Pentagon's Preacher Irks Muslims". CBS News. April 16, 2003.
  22. ^ "Franklin Graham conducts services at Pentagon". CNN. April 18, 2003. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  23. ^ Ghosh, Bobby (August 30, 2010). "Islamophobia. Does America have a Muslim problem?". Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  24. ^ "Rev. Franklin Graham says churches and synagogues are forbidden in most Muslim countries". PolitiFact. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  25. ^ Associated Press, File (October 8, 2009). "Franklin Graham moves to address concerns about his $1.2 million pay packages". cleveland.com. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  26. ^ Tim Funk; Ames Alexander (October 2009), "Franklin Graham's CEO pay draws experts' criticism", Charlotte Observer, retrieved March 1, 2010[dead link]
  27. ^ Funk, Tim. "CHARLOTTE: Franklin Graham gives up one of two nonprofit salaries | Religion". NewsObserver.com. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  28. ^ Tim Funk, Ames Alexander (August 8, 2015). "Franklin Graham takes pay he once gave up". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  29. ^ Funk, Tim and Alexander, Ames. (August 8, 2015). "Franklin Graham takes pay he once gave up". Charlotte Observer. (Charlotte, NC). Charlotte Observer website
  30. ^ McClatchy-Tribune News Service. Funk, Tim and Alexander, Ames, contributors. (October 7, 2009). "Franklin Graham moves to address concerns about his $1.2 million pay packages" The Plain Dealer. (Cleveland, OH).Cleveland.com
  31. ^ Wicker, Christine. (August 18, 2015). "Why Franklin Graham's salary raises eyebrows among Christian nonprofits" Washington Post. (Washington). Washington Post website
  32. ^ Funk and Alexander, 2015
  33. ^ Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability. Retrieved January 21, 2016. ECFA website
  34. ^ "Graham: Obama born a Muslim, now a Christian". CNN. August 19, 1010. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
  35. ^ "The Rev. Franklin Graham Says President Obama was 'Born a Muslim'". ABC News. August 20, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
  36. ^ Corn, David (March 22, 2011). "Franklin Graham's New Obama-Muslim Conspiracy Theory". Mother Jones. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  37. ^ "Franklin Graham Response to NAACP Faith Leaders". NAACP. February 28, 2012. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  38. ^ "Franklin Graham wants Obama to step in on Prayer Day slight" USA Today, May 5, 2010.
  39. ^ Graham, Franklin (March 3, 2009). ""Put Peace Before Justice," The New York Times, 2 March 2009". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  40. ^ "US religious figure backs Donald Trump White House bid". The Telegraph. London. April 22, 2011.
  41. ^ "Obama Seen as Son of Islam". New York: MSNBC. February 21, 2012. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.
  42. ^ "MSNBC's most viewed in 2012: Rev. Graham says Obama seen as 'son of Islam'". MSNBC. December 27, 2012 [February 21, 2012]. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  43. ^ "Faith Leaders Speak Out on Rev. Franklin Graham". NAACP. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
  44. ^ Tribune, Jean Hopfensperger Star. "Evangelist Franklin Graham holds 'no hope' for either parties' candidates". Star Tribune.
  45. ^ a b Bever, Lindsey (November 10, 2016). "Franklin Graham: The media didn't understand the 'God-factor' in Trump's win". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  46. ^ Funk, Tim (January 20, 2017). "In prayer, Franklin Graham sees rain at inauguration as good omen for Trump". The Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  47. ^ Griswold, Eliza (September 11, 2018). "Franklin Graham's Uneasy Alliance with Donald Trump". The New Yorker. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  48. ^ Fearnow, Benjamin (November 2, 2019). "Evangelist Franklin Graham urges Prayers for Donald Trump by Promoting T-Shirt". Newsweek. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  49. ^ Wehner, Peter (November 25, 2019). "Are Trump's Critics Demonically Possessed?". The Atlantic. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  50. ^ Bunting, Deborah (November 26, 2019). "Heads Spin As Franklin Graham Says Demonic Activity May Be Behind Trump Opposition". CBN News. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  51. ^ Fink, Jenni (December 20, 2019). "Billy Graham's Son Says It's 'Unfathomable' Christianity Today would Side With Democrats in 'Totally Partisan' Attack on Trump". Newsweek. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  52. ^ ""My father voted for Trump:" Franklin Graham responds to anti-Trump op-ed". WVLT. December 20, 2019. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  53. ^ Jenkins, Cameron (December 16, 2020). "Franklin Graham thanks Trump 'as we come to the end of this election season'". The Hill. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  54. ^ Carol Kurvilla (January 15, 2021). "Evangelist Compares Republicans Who Voted For Trump's Impeachment To Judas". HuffPost.
  55. ^ Hartropp, Joseph (April 28, 2017). "Franklin Graham hits out at anti conversion therapy bill, calls homosexuality an 'abomination'". Christian Post. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  56. ^ WXII12.com: Franklin Graham backing N.C. marriage amendment. Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine April 28, 2012.
  57. ^ Billy Graham Evangelistic Organization: Franklin Graham Response to the President's Support of Same-Sex Marriage. May 10, 2012.
  58. ^ Sherwood, Harriet (December 7, 2017). "US evangelical preacher should be banned from entering UK, critics say". The Guardian. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  59. ^ "Franklin Graham attacks Pete Buttigieg for being gay, says he should repent". ABC News. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  60. ^ "Franklin Graham on Twitter: Mayor Buttigieg says he's a gay Christian".
  61. ^ Wise, Justin (April 24, 2019). "Franklin Graham rails against Buttigieg for calling himself 'gay Christian'". The Hill. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  62. ^ Shannon, Joel. "Franklin Graham calls on Pete Buttigieg to repent for the 'sin' of being gay". USA Today.
  63. ^ "Franklin Graham says Pete Buttigieg must 'repent' for being gay". The Week.
  64. ^ "'Morning Joe' Blasts Hypocrite Franklin Graham for Calling on Pete Buttigieg to Repent for Being Gay: 'Just Shut Up. You Are a Disgrace' — WATCH". Towleroad. April 25, 2019.
  65. ^ Jennifer Rubin (April 26, 2019). "Buttigieg enjoys the good fortune of a hypocritical bigot's attack". The Washington Post.
  66. ^ French, David. "Franklin Graham and the High Cost of the Lost Evangelical Witness". National Review.
  67. ^ "The gloriously growing irrelevance of Franklin Graham". The Charlotte Observer.
  68. ^ Montini, EJ. "Donald Trump shill Franklin Graham says Pete Buttigieg should repent. HA!". The Arizona Republic.
  69. ^ "Franklin Graham calls on Pete Buttigieg to repent for the 'sin' of being gay". USA Today. April 26, 2019.
  70. ^ "Putin's Olympic Controversy". February 28, 2014.
  71. ^ Pro-Trump US preacher dropped by tour venues after outcry over homophobic comments The Independent
  72. ^ "US preacher Franklin Graham tries to reverse UK tour cancellations". The Guardian. February 7, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
  73. ^ "Liverpool venue cancels Franklin Graham event". BBC News. January 26, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  74. ^ "Franklin Graham announces UK tour after 'promising venues not to discriminate'". PinkNews. November 17, 2021. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  75. ^ "Franklin Graham - Biography". samaritanspurse.org. Retrieved April 14, 2023.
  76. ^ "Franklin Graham undergoes heart surgery at Mayo Clinic". November 8, 2021.

External links edit

Religious titles
Preceded by President of Samaritan's Purse
Preceded by President of Billy Graham Evangelistic Association