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Smithfield is a town in and the county seat of Johnston County[5], North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 10,966,[6] and in 2018 the estimated population was 12,669.[2] Smithfield is home to the Ava Gardner Museum and is situated along the Neuse River, where visitors enjoy the annual Smithfield Ham and Yam Festival, walks along the Buffalo Creek Greenway, and the historic downtown district. The town is located near North Carolina's famed Research Triangle and is approximately 30 miles (48 km) southeast of downtown Raleigh. The Raleigh-Durham-Cary Combined Statistical area has a population of over 2 million residents.

Smithfield, North Carolina
Town of Smithfield
Downtown Smithfield, North Carolina
Location in Johnston County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Johnston County and the state of North Carolina
Smithfield is located in the United States
Smithfield
Smithfield
Location of Smithfield in the US
Coordinates: 35°30′33″N 78°20′47″W / 35.50917°N 78.34639°W / 35.50917; -78.34639Coordinates: 35°30′33″N 78°20′47″W / 35.50917°N 78.34639°W / 35.50917; -78.34639
Country United States
State North Carolina
CountyJohnston
TownshipsSelma, Smithfield, Wilson Mills
EstablishedMay 9, 1777; 242 years ago (1777-05-09)
Named forJohn Smith
Government
 • TypeCouncil–Manager
 • Council
 • ManagerMichael Scott
Area
 • Total12.14 sq mi (31.43 km2)
 • Land12.12 sq mi (31.39 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Elevation
148 ft (45 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,966
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
12,669
 • Density1,012/sq mi (390.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
27577
Area code919
FIPS code37-62520[3]
GNIS feature ID1025712[4]
Major airportRDU
Websitesmithfield-nc.com

HistoryEdit

Smithfield was Johnston County's first town and second county seat. The town was started near Smith's ferry on the Neuse River. The county court house was moved from Hinton's Quarter to Smithfield in 1771. The town was first known as Johnston County Courthouse. It was incorporated as Smithfield in 1777.[7][8]

The third North Carolina state legislature met in Smithfield in 1779 and 1780.[9][10]

GeographyEdit

Smithfield is in central Johnston County and is bordered to the northeast by Selma. Interstate 95 runs along the southeastern edge of the town, with access from Exits 93, 95, and 97. I-95 leads northeast 46 miles (74 km) to Rocky Mount and southwest the same distance to Fayetteville. U.S. Route 301 passes through Selma on Brightleaf Boulevard, leading northeast 4 miles (6 km) to the center of Selma and southwest 15 miles (24 km) to Benson. U.S. Route 70 passes just northeast of Smithfield, leading northwest 30 miles (48 km) to Raleigh, and southeast 22 miles (35 km) to Goldsboro. U.S. Route 70 Business passes through the center of Smithfield as Market Street.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.1 square miles (31.4 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.11%, are water.[6] The Neuse River runs through the town west of the downtown area, separating it from the neighborhood of West Smithfield.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1850329
1870415
188048516.9%
189055013.4%
190076438.9%
19101,34776.3%
19201,89540.7%
19302,54334.2%
19403,67844.6%
19505,57451.5%
19606,1179.7%
19706,6779.2%
19807,2889.2%
19907,5403.5%
200011,51052.7%
201010,966−4.7%
Est. 201812,669[2]15.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 11,510 people, 4,417 households, and 2,676 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,007.6 inhabitants per square mile (389.1/km²). There were 4,674 housing units at an average density of 409.2 per square mile (158.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 62.66% White, 30.99% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.14% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.90% of the population.

There were 4,417 households out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.1% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town, the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $27,813, and the median income for a family was $37,929. Males had a median income of $29,567 versus $24,440 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,012. About 14.5% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

Smithfield has a council-manager form of government. The council, the town's legislative body, consists of seven members and a mayor. The council sets policy, and the manager oversees day-to-day operations. The mayor is Andy Moore, whose term expires in 2017.[1] The manager is Michael Scott.[12]

EducationEdit

  • South Smithfield Elementary School
  • West Smithfield Elementary School
  • Smithfield Middle School
  • South Campus Community School
  • Johnston County Middle College High School
  • Johnston County Early College Academy
  • Smithfield-Selma High School
  • Neuse Charter School
  • Johnston Community College

HealthcareEdit

  • UNC Health Care - Johnston Health

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Johnston County's Elected Officials". Johnston County Board of Elections. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Smithfield town, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  7. ^ Lewis, J.D. "A History of Smithfield, North Carolina". The American Revolution in North Carolina. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  8. ^ Thomas J Lassiter; Wingate Lassiter (1996). Johnston County, 1746-1996 : the 250-year journey of an early American community. Smithfield, N.C.: T.J. & W. Lassiter. ASIN B00237UX14.
  9. ^ Connor, R.D.D. (1913). A Manual of North Carolina (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Historical Commission. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  10. ^ Wheeler, John H. (1874). "The Legislative Manual and Political Register of the State of North Carolina". Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Town Manager". Town of Smithfield. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
  13. ^ Cannon, Doris Rollins (2012). "Ava Gardner". NCpedia. State Library of North Carolina. Retrieved July 15, 2017.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Government
General information