Flakstad

Flakstad is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of the island group Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Ramberg. Other villages include Fredvang, Napp, Nusfjord, and Vareid.

Flakstad kommune
View of a beach in Flakstad
View of a beach in Flakstad
Official logo of Flakstad kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Flakstad within Nordland
Flakstad within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°04′45″N 13°16′28″E / 68.07917°N 13.27444°E / 68.07917; 13.27444Coordinates: 68°04′45″N 13°16′28″E / 68.07917°N 13.27444°E / 68.07917; 13.27444
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictLofoten
Established1838-1964
Re-established1 Jan 1976
Administrative centreRamberg
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Trond Kroken (Sp)
Area
 • Total178.39 km2 (68.88 sq mi)
 • Land169.07 km2 (65.28 sq mi)
 • Water9.32 km2 (3.60 sq mi)  5.2%
Area rank311 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,272
 • Rank317 in Norway
 • Density7.5/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-7.1%
Demonym(s)Flakstadfjerding [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1859
Official language formNeutral [2]
Websiteflakstad.kommune.no

The municipality is located in the Lofoten Islands and comprises the entire island of Flakstadøya and the northern part of the island of Moskenesøya. The European route E10 highway runs across the whole municipality.

The 178-square-kilometre (69 sq mi) municipality is the 311th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Flakstad is the 317th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,272. The municipality's population density is 7.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (19/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 7.6% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

General informationEdit

 
Flakstad church
 
Skagsanden beach, Flakstad
 
Nusfjord is a small harbor with traditional rorbus.

The municipality of Flakstad was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 July 1916, the southern part of the municipality (population: 1,306) was separated to form the new Moskenes Municipality. This left Flakstad with 1,667 residents.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the municipality of Flakstad (population: 2,067) was merged into the neighboring municipality of Moskenes (population: 2,001), creating a new, larger municipality of Moskenes. This merger, however, only lasted for twelve years. On 1 January 1976, the merger was undone with Moskenes (population: 1,705) and Flakstad (population: 2,007) becoming separate municipalities once again.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Flakstad farm (Norse Flakstaðir), since the first Flakstad Church was built there. Historically, the name was spelled "Flagstad". The first element could be a Norse nickname (flak meaning "reckless") or it could come from the word flag meaning "rock wall", possibly referring to the large cliff near the church site. The last element is staðir which means "homestead" or "farm".[6][7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times (1989). The arms show a white fastening device used on boats on a blue background. The fastening device was chosen as a symbol for the community's seafaring history.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Flakstad. It is part of the Lofoten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Flakstad
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Flakstad Flakstad Church Flakstad 1780

EconomyEdit

The municipality's economy is dominated by fishing. The fishing fleet mainly consists of small boats. There are also several fish farm in Flakstad. There is some agriculture in Flakstad, but mostly cattle and sheep farming rather than growing crops.[7]

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Flakstad, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[9] The municipality falls under the Lofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Flakstad is made up of 11 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Flakstad Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Flakstad District List (Flakstad distriktsliste)1
 Lofoten List (yes to municipal mergers)
(Lofotlista (ja til kommunesammenslåing))
1
Total number of members:11
Flakstad Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Flakstad District List (Flakstad distriktsliste)3
Total number of members:11
Flakstad Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [12]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Flakstad District List (Flakstad distriktsliste)6
 Fredvang, Krystad and Skjelfjord municipal list
(Fredvang, Krystad og Skjelfjord bygdeliste)
3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)8
 Fredvang and Krystad local list (Fredvang og Krystad bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)7
 Fredvang and Krystad local list (Fredvang og Krystad bygdeliste)2
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)9
 Fredvang and Krystad local list (Fredvang og Krystad bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [13]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)8
 Fredvang and Krystad local list (Fredvang og Krystad bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)6
 Fredvang and Krystad local list (Fredvang og Krystad bygdeliste)4
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)5
 Fredvang and Krystad local list (Fredvang og Krystad bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)6
 Non-party common list for Fredvang-Krystad
(Upolitisk fellesliste for Fredvang-Krystad)
3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Flakstad district list (Flakstad Distriktsliste)10
 Non-party common list for Fredvang-Krystad area
(Upolitisk fellesliste for Fredvang, Krystad og omegn)
3
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Flakstad Common List (Flakstad Samlingsliste)13
 Non-party Common List Fredvang-Krystad
(Upolitisk Fellesliste Fredvang-Krystad)
4
Total number of members:17
Flakstad Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Workers, fishermen, and farmers
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere)
2
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:13
Flakstad Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Workers, fishermen, and farmers
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere)
11
Total number of members:13
Flakstad Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Workers, fishermen, and farmers
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere)
11
Total number of members:12
Flakstad Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)8
 Non-socialist common list (Borgerlige felleslister)2
Total number of members:12
Flakstad Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Workers, fishermen, and farmers
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere)
6
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)6
Total number of members:12
Flakstad Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Workers, fishermen, and farmers
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere)
3
 Non-socialist common list (Borgerlige felleslister)8
Total number of members:12

MayorEdit

The mayors of Flakstad (incomplete list):

GeographyEdit

Located near the southern end of the Lofoten archipelago, Flakstad comprises all of the island of Flakstadøya and the northern part of the island of Moskenesøya. The islands are connected by the Fredvang Bridges and the Kåkern Bridge. The large lake Solbjørnvatnet lies on the northern part of Moskenesøya in Flakstad.

Vestvågøy Municipality lies to the northeast on the island of Vestvågøya, the Vestfjorden lies to the southeast, the Moskenes Municipality lies to the southwest on the island of Moskenesøya, and the Norwegian Sea lies to the northwest.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Ramberg, Flakstad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.2
(32.4)
2.3
(36.1)
6.3
(43.3)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
12.0
(53.6)
8.8
(47.8)
5.8
(42.4)
2.6
(36.7)
0.5
(32.9)
4.9
(40.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 175
(6.9)
144
(5.7)
126
(5.0)
95
(3.7)
60
(2.4)
61
(2.4)
85
(3.3)
91
(3.6)
155
(6.1)
218
(8.6)
175
(6.9)
195
(7.7)
1,580
(62.2)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[25]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 347.
  7. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Flakstad" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-06-17.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-12-11.
  9. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  11. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  12. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.

External linksEdit