Moskenes

  (Redirected from Moskenes Municipality)

Moskenes is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The municipality comprises the southern part of the island of Moskenesøya in the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Reine. Other villages include Sørvågen, Hamnøy, and Å.

Moskenes kommune
View of Reine in Moskenes
View of Reine in Moskenes
Official logo of Moskenes kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Moskenes within Nordland
Moskenes within Nordland
Coordinates: 67°55′31″N 12°57′32″E / 67.92528°N 12.95889°E / 67.92528; 12.95889Coordinates: 67°55′31″N 12°57′32″E / 67.92528°N 12.95889°E / 67.92528; 12.95889
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictLofoten
Established1 July 1916
Administrative centreReine
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Lillian Rasmussen (Local list)
Area
 • Total118.79 km2 (45.87 sq mi)
 • Land110.47 km2 (42.65 sq mi)
 • Water8.32 km2 (3.21 sq mi)  7%
Area rank367 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,068
 • Rank389 in Norway
 • Density9.7/km2 (25/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-5.3%
Demonym(s)Moskenesfjerding [1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1874
Official language formNeutral [2]
Websitemoskenes.kommune.no

The 119-square-kilometre (46 sq mi) municipality is the 367th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Moskenes is the 389th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,068. The municipality's population density is 9.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (25/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.3% over the last decade.[3][4]

General informationEdit

The municipality was established on 1 July 1916 when the southern part of Flakstad Municipality was separated to become Moskenes. Initially, Moskenes had a population of 1,306.

On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Flakstad and Moskenes were reunited, this time under the name "Moskenes". Prior to the merger, Moskenes had 2,001 residents and the new municipality of Moskenes had 4,068 residents. This new municipality did not last long because on 1 January 1976, Flakstad broke away again to once again form a separate municipality. This left Moskenes with 1,705 residents.[5]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Moskenes farm ("Muskenes" – 1567), since the first Moskenes Church was built there. The first element is probably derived from the word mosk/musk which means "sea spray" and the last element is nes which means "headland".[6] (See also Moskenstraumen.)

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 12 September 1986. The arms show a white vortex spiral on a blue background. Vortexes or whirlpools, such as the Moskenstraumen, appear in the channel just south of the island of Moskenesøya when the tide comes in, making it a hazardous channel.[7]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Moskenes. It is part of the Lofoten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Moskenes
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Moskenes Moskenes Church Moskenes 1819
Reine Church Reine 1890

AttractionsEdit

Moskenes is among the most scenic municipalities in all Norway, and the picturesque fishing villages of Hamnøy, Reine, Sørvågen, Moskenes, Å, and Tind all have a dramatic backdrop of jagged peaks rising above the Vestfjorden. The historic Glåpen Lighthouse is located just east of Sørvågen.

Between Lofotodden, the southwestern tip of the Lofoten chain, and the offshore island of Mosken, there is the tidal current of Moskenstraumen. This is better known internationally as the Maelstrom, feared by all sailors. On the isolated northwestern coast of the island, there are also interesting Stone Age cave paintings. The highest mountain is Hermannsdalstinden at 1,029 metres (3,376 ft).

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Moskenes, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Lofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Moskenes is made up of 11 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Moskenes Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Municipal List of Moskenes (Bygdelista i Moskenes)8
 Moskenes Common List (Moskenes Fellesliste)6
Total number of members:11
Moskenes Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Municipal List of Moskenes (Bygdelista i Moskenes)3
 Moskenes Common List (Moskenes Fellesliste)2
Total number of members:11
Moskenes Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [11]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Municipal List of Moskenes (Bygdelista i Moskenes)4
 Moskenes Common List (Moskenes Fellesliste)8
Total number of members:17

GeographyEdit

Moskenes has a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). The municipality of Moskenes lies near the southern end of the Lofoten archipelago on the southern part of the island of Moskenesøya. The Vestfjorden lies to the east, the Moskenstraumen strait lies to the south, and the Norwegian Sea lies to the west. The municipality of Flakstad lies to the north (on the northern part of the island) and the island municipality of Værøy lies about 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the south.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Reine
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.2
(32.4)
2.2
(36.0)
6.2
(43.2)
9.3
(48.7)
11.7
(53.1)
11.8
(53.2)
8.5
(47.3)
5.8
(42.4)
2.6
(36.7)
0.5
(32.9)
4.8
(40.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 240
(9.4)
207
(8.1)
183
(7.2)
145
(5.7)
89
(3.5)
93
(3.7)
121
(4.8)
140
(5.5)
228
(9.0)
322
(12.7)
244
(9.6)
273
(10.7)
2,285
(90.0)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 19.6 17.8 16.6 16.2 12.6 11.5 12.8 13.9 19.0 21.3 20.5 21.8 203.6
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[12]

Notable residentsEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 345.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  11. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Nordland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  12. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 14 June 2004.

External linksEdit