A fish market is a marketplace for selling fish and fish products. It can be dedicated to wholesale trade between fishermen and fish merchants, or to the sale of seafood to individual consumers, or to both. Retail fish markets, a type of wet market, often sell street food as well.
The term fish market can also refer to the process of fish marketing in general, but this article is concerned with physical marketplaces.
History and developmentEdit
Because seafood is quick to spoil, fish markets are historically most often found in seaside towns. Once ice or other simple cooling methods became available, some were also established in large inland cities that had good trade routes to the coast.
Since refrigeration and rapid transport became available in the 19th and 20th century, fish markets can technically be established at any place. However, because modern trade logistics in general has shifted away from marketplaces and towards retail outlets, such as supermarkets, most seafood worldwide is now sold to consumers through these venues, like most other foodstuffs.
Consequently, most major fish markets now mainly deal with wholesale trade, and the existing major fish retail markets continue to operate as much for traditional reasons as for commercial ones. Both types of fish markets are often tourist attractions as well.
Notable fish marketsEdit
The following is an incomplete list of notable fish markets. (See also a list of fish market articles.)
- Toyosu Market, Tokyo, Japan, the world's largest fish market, replacing the former Tsukiji Market, have at least the same capacity but in up-to-date infrastructure. It opened on 11 October 2018, 5 days after Tsukiji closure (for transfer purpose).
- La Nueva Viga Market, Mexico City, Mexico; the world's second largest fish market. Marketing from 250,000 up to 550,000 tons of seafood a year.
- Sydney Fish Market, Sydney, Australia the world's third largest fish market for volume sold and second largest in terms of variety.
- Mercamadrid, Madrid, Spain; the world's fourth largest fish market, marketing about 220,000 tonnes a year.
- Billingsgate Fish Market, London, England, United Kingdom.
- Busan Cooperative Fish Market, Busan, South Korea.
- Feskekôrka, Gothenburg, Sweden.
- Fulton Fish Market, New York, United States.
- Pike Place Fish Market, Seattle, Washington, United States.
- Maine Avenue Fish Market, Washington, D.C., United States.
- Aberdeen Seafood Market, Aberdeen, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong.
- Taipei Fish Market, Taipei, Taiwan.
- Tsukiji fish market in Tokyo, Japan, was the world's largest fish market, marketing about 660,000 tonnes a year. It closed on 6 October 2018 after 83 years of operation, with most activities moving to the new Toyosu Market.
- Scania Market, a historical annual market at the Falsterbo Peninsula
- Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China. It closed down on 1 January 2020, when it gained worldwide attention after being identified as a possible point of origin of COVID-19 and the resulting pandemic.
- Bellamy JC (1843) The housekeeper's guide to the fish-market for each month of the year Issue 33171 of Goldsmiths'-Kress library of economic literature, Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans.
- Bestor TC (2004) Tsukiji: the fish market at the center of the world In PE Lilienthal, California studies, Volume 11, University of California Press, ISBN 978-0-520-22024-9.
- Le Blanch J (2003) The Global fish market and the need for multilateral fishing disciplines In: Leonard B (ed) Overfishing: A Global Challenge, Diane Publishing, ISBN 978-1-4289-6711-3.
- Paula Mónaco Felipe (April 11, 2008). "La Nueva Viga, paseo marino en el DF fuera de las guías turísticas" [La Nueva Viga, marine walk in the Federal District outside of tour guide books]. La Jornada (in Spanish) (Mexico City). Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- Crother C (2005) Catch!: A Fishmonger's Guide to Greatness Berrett-koehler Series, Berrett-Koehler Publishers, ISBN 978-1-57675-323-1.
- Graddy K (2006) "The Fulton fish market" Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(2): 207–220.
- Kirman, Alan P. and Vriend, Nicolaas J. (2000) "Learning to be loyal: A study of the Marseille fish market". In: Domenico Delli Gatti, Mauro Gallegati, Alan P. Kirman, Interaction and market structure: essays on heterogeneity in economics, Volume 484. Springer, ISBN 978-3-540-66979-1.
- Maniatis GC (2000) "The Organizational Setup and Functioning of the Fish Market in Tenth-Century Constantinople" Dumbarton Oaks Papers, 54: 13–42.
- Porcù Leide (2005) "Fishy business: Humor in a Sardinian fish market" International Journal of Humor Research, 18(1): 69–102. doi:10.1515/humr.2005.18.1.69
- Sophie S and Håkan H (2009) "Behind the fish market facade" The IMP Journal, 3(1): 50–74.
- Sancar Seckiner's new book DZ Uzerine Notlar, published Dec. 2014, highlights historic connection between two important fish markets in the world :Billingsgate-Yenikapı. ISBN 978-605-4579-83-9.