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List of assassinations by firearm

  (Redirected from Firearms by assassination)

The following is a list of firearms by assassination detailing the firearms used in the killings of politicians and key social and cultural figures.

Year Location of attack Victim Attacker Weapon Notes
1570  Scotland James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray, Regent of Scotland James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh Matchlock carbine[1] The first assassination by firearm in recorded history
1584  Netherlands William the Silent, Prince of Orange Balthasar Gerard Wheel-lockpistol The second assassination by firearm, and first by handgun, in recorded history
1812  United Kingdom Prime Minister Spencer Perceval John Bellingham Screw-barrel .50 caliber flint-lock pistol[2] The only British prime minister to be assassinated. Bellingham bought a pair of half-inch bore pistols from gunsmith W. Beckwith of Snow Hill, for four guineas.[3]
1858  Canada George Brown, Premier of Canada West George Bennett (murderer) "Colt revolver"[4]
1865  United States President Abraham Lincoln John Wilkes Booth .41 calibre muzzleloading derringer by Henry Deringer
1868  Canada Thomas D'Arcy McGee Patrick J. Whelan .32 Smith & Wesson revolver[5] Serial #50847
1881  United States President James A. Garfield Charles Guiteau .44 caliber British bulldog revolver
1901  Italy King Umberto I of Italy Gaetano Bresci .32 S&W Iver-Johnson revolver
1901  United States President William McKinley Leon Czolgosz .32 S&W Iver-Johnson revolver Czolgosz purchased the weapon only three days prior to the assassination, for $4.50 in a hardware store in Buffalo (the site of the attack). Newspaper clippings Czolgosz had collected prior noted that this particular model had been used by anarchist Gaetano Bresci to assassinate King Humbert I of Italy.[6]
1904  Finland General Nikolay Bobrikov Eugen Schauman FN Browning M1900[7]
1908  Portugal King Carlos I of Portugal Manuel Buíça Winchester Model 1907 semi-automatic carbine chambered in .351 WSL Serial number 2137,[8] imported from Germany by Heitor Ferreira.[9]
1909  Korea Resident-General Itō Hirobumi An Jung-geun FN M1900 pistol[citation needed]
1914  Austria-Hungary Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Gavrilo Princip Browning Model 1910 .380 ACP pistol[10] A letter dated April 2012 from Thomas Ilming, curator Waffen und Technik, Vienna Military Museum, who holds the actual Belgium made Browning (FN) M1910 semi-auto pistol caliber .380 acp (9 mm kurz) s/n 19074 used by Princip. This semi-automatic pistol design allows the interchangeable barrels/receiver either 9mm kurz or 7.65mm which probably creates some confusion as to caliber, some references state .32 acp (7.65 mm). Letter from the Museum in Vienna states emphatically that the caliber of the assassination weapon was 9mm kurz.
1932  France President Paul Doumer Paul Gorguloff FN Model 1910[11]
1933  United States Anton Cermak, mayor of Chicago, during possible attempted assassination of Franklin D. Roosevelt Giuseppe Zangara .32 S&W revolver by the United States Revolver Company[12] On arriving in Miami, Zangara purchased the revolver for $8 from a pawnshop, along with ten cartridges.[13]
1933  Peru President Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro Abelardo de Mendoza Browning semi-automatic pistol[14]
1934  France King Alexander I of Yugoslavia Vlado Chernozemski Mauser pistol[15]
1944  Egypt Resident Minister Lord Moyne Eliyahu Hakim Nagant revolver[16]
1948  India Mahatma Gandhi Nathuram Godse .380 ACP Beretta 1934 pistol
1963  United States John F. Kennedy Lee Harvey Oswald Italian military rifle, 6.5 mm Carcano Model 91/38
1965  United States Malcolm X Three attackers convicted: Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson one sawed off shotgun, M1911A1 and a semi automatic handgun
1968  United States Martin Luther King, Jr. James Earl Ray Remington 760 Gamemaster chambered in .30-06 Springfield Ray initially purchased an identical model in .243 Winchester, but returned it as too weak for his purposes.[17]
1968  United States Robert F. Kennedy Sirhan Sirhan eight-shot Iver Johnson .22 calibre Cadet 55-A revolver Serial number H-53725, Trial-People's Exhibit #6, misidentified in trial testimony as S/N H-18602
1975  Saudi Arabia King Faisal of Saudi Arabia Faisal bin Musaid Revolver[18]
1978  United States George Moscone and Harvey Milk Dan White .38 Special S&W Chiefs Special snub-nosed revolver[19] White, a former policeman, wielded the revolver he used to carry on the job.[20]
1979  South Korea President Park Chung-hee Kim Jae-gyu Walther PPK .32 ACP[21]
1980  United States John Lennon Mark Chapman .38 Special Charter Arms snubnosed revolver Purchased at J&S Sales in Honolulu, Hawaii for $169[22]
1981  Egypt Anwar El Sadat Khalid Islambouli and co-conspirators Egyptian-issue AK-47 rifles One of the guns used in the killing had "In the name of Allah the avenger" inscribed on its barrel.[23]
1984  United States Alan Berg Members of the white nationalist group The Order Ingram MAC-10 pistol[24] The gun was illegally converted from semi to fully automatic[25]
1984  India Indira Gandhi Bodyguards Satwant Singh and Beant Singh .38 Special service revolver, 9mm SAF carbine (Indian-produced Sterling submachine gun)[26] Beant fired five shots from his service revolver, and Satwant followed with 25 shots of the carbine.[27]
1986  Sweden Olof Palme .357 Magnum revolver The shooter was never identified.
1995  United States Selena Yolanda Saldívar Taurus Model 85 .38 Special revolver[28] Following the trial, the revolver was publicly sawed into 50 small pieces and thrown into Corpus Christi Bay.[29]
1995  Israel Yitzhak Rabin Yigal Amir Beretta 84F semi-automatic pistol
2003  Serbia Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić Zvezdan Jovanović Heckler & Koch G3 rifle Fired from a window 180m away.[30]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bruce Durie; Dr Bruce Durie (29 February 2012). Bloody Scottish History: Glasgow. History Press Limited. pp. 40–. ISBN 978-0-7524-8313-9. 
  2. ^ A. D. Harvey (1 July 1993). Collision of Empires: Britain in Three World Wars, 1793-1945. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 163–. ISBN 978-1-4411-5049-3. 
  3. ^ David C. Hanrahan (30 November 2011). Assassination of the Prime Minister: John Bellingham and the Murder of Spencer Perceval. History Press. pp. 86–. ISBN 978-0-7524-7805-0. 
  4. ^ Canadian Saturday Night: A Magazine of Business & National Affairs. Parkan Publications. 1972. p. 42. disgruntled Globe boiler attendant hanged for cancelling Brown's subscription with a Colt revolver 
  5. ^ Spaight, George. Ottawa Times, Trial of Patrick J. Whelan for the murder of the Hon. Thos. D'Arcy McGee, 1868
  6. ^ Joseph T. McCann (22 September 2006). Terrorism on American soil: a concise history of plots and perpetrators from the famous to the forgotten. Sentient Publications. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-1-59181-049-0. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  7. ^ Gunwriters' Handloading Subsonic Cartridges, Part 2, P.T. Kekkonen, 1999. Accessed on 12 May 2011.
  8. ^ Mendo Castro Henriques (2008). Dossier regicídio: o processo desaparecido. Tribuna da história. p. 252. O aparelho de pontaria dos primeiros exemplares tinha uma alça móvel, graduada, característica da Winchester. ... A munição desenvolvida especificamente para esta arma, calibre .351, era composta por um invólucro em latão, direito, com meio-rebordo (ha(f ... A carabina empregue no regicidio por Manuel Buíça e que esteve em exposição no efémero Museu da Revolução, possuía o número 2137 
  9. ^ Miguel Sánches de Baêna; Manuel II (King of Portugal) (1990). Diário de D. Manuel: e estudo sobre o regicídio. Alfa. p. 237. Então já o Sr. Heitor Ferreira confessa 'ter importado a carabina do regicida Buíça', dourando essa confissão, com a atenuante de a ter 'vendido 
  10. ^ Jeff Kinard (October 2004). Pistols: an illustrated history of their impact. ABC-CLIO. pp. 215–. ISBN 978-1-85109-470-7. Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  11. ^ Syed Ramsey (12 May 2016). Tools of War: History of Weapons in Early Modern Times. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. pp. 139–. ISBN 978-93-86019-82-0. 
  12. ^ Geoffrey Abbott (17 April 2007). What a Way to Go: The Guillotine, the Pendulum, the Thousand Cuts, the Spanish Donkey, and 66 Other Ways of Putting Someone to Death. St. Martin's Press. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-0-312-36656-8. 
  13. ^ Coronet. David A. Smart. February 1960. p. 107. 
  14. ^ Jorge Basadre; Raúl Palacios Rodríguez; Héctor López Martínez (2005). Historia de la República del Perú(1822-1933): El comienzo de la irrupción de las masas organizadas en la política (1930-1933). Breves notas relacionadas con la educación, la ciencia y la cultura entre 1895-1933. Comercio. ISBN 978-9972-205-78-1. 
  15. ^ John Faber (1978). Great News Photos and the Stories Behind Them. Courier Corporation. pp. 60–. ISBN 978-0-486-23667-4. 
  16. ^ Bruce Hoffman (15 March 2016). Anonymous Soldiers: The Struggle for Israel, 1917-1947. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-0-307-74161-5. 
  17. ^ John Larry Ray; Lyndon Barsten (1 April 2008). Truth at last: the untold story of James Earl Ray and the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. Lyons Press. ISBN 978-1-59921-284-5. 
  18. ^ Andrew Scott Cooper (9 August 2011). The Oil Kings: How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East. Simon and Schuster. pp. 246–. ISBN 978-1-4391-5713-8. 
  19. ^ Randy Shilts (14 October 2008). The Mayor of Castro Street: The Life and Times of Harvey Milk. St. Martin's Press. pp. 263–. ISBN 978-1-4668-2967-1. 
  20. ^ California. New West Communications Corporation. July 1983. p. 64. 
  21. ^ "The inside story of the Park Chung Hee killing-INSIDE Korea JoongAng Daily". Mengnews.joins.com. Retrieved 2017-02-03. 
  22. ^ Peter Brown; Steven S. Gaines (1983). The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of the Beatles. New American Library. pp. 403–. ISBN 978-0-451-20735-7. 
  23. ^ Steve Bruce (1 March 2008). Fundamentalism. Polity. pp. 3–. ISBN 978-0-7456-4076-1. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  24. ^ Erik Larson (27 July 2011). Lethal Passage: The Story of a Gun. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 61–. ISBN 978-0-307-80331-3. 
  25. ^ Danny O. Coulson; Daniel Coulson; Elaine Shannon; Sharon Shannon (2001). No Heroes: Inside the FBI's Secret Counter-terror Force. Simon and Schuster. pp. 218–. ISBN 978-0-671-02062-0. 
  26. ^ The Criminal Law Journal: A Monthly Legal Publication Containing Full Reports of All Reported Criminal Cases of the High Courts, Etc., in India. W.R. Rayandekar or Congress Nagar. 1989. pp. 10–11. 
  27. ^ Asian Recorder. K. K. Thomas at Recorder Press. 1985. 
  28. ^ Carlos Valdez (2005). Justice for Selena -The State Versus Yolanda Saldivar. Trafford Publishing. pp. 248–. ISBN 978-1-4120-6525-2. 
  29. ^ http://archive.caller.com/entertainment/selena/selena-gun-is-cut-up-and-dumped-into-bay-366067521-310745411.html
  30. ^ UNMIK DPI Foreign Media Monitoring, 26 March 2003