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Federico Chaves Careaga (February 15, 1882 – April 24, 1978) was a Paraguayan politician and soldier who served as President of Paraguay from September 10, 1949, to May 5, 1954. He was a member of the Colorado Party.
|40th President of Paraguay|
10 September 1949 – 5 May 1954
|Preceded by||Felipe Molas|
|Succeeded by||Tomás Romero (interim president)|
Federico Chaves Careaga
February 15, 1882
|Died||April 24, 1978 (aged 96)|
|Political party||Colorado Party|
Chaves was born on February 15, 1882 in Paraguarí. His parents were the Portuguese Federico Chaves and his wife Felicia Careaga, from Guaira, Paraguay.
Chaves, who received his law degree in 1905, was a longtime leader of the right-of-centre Colorado (National Republican) Party. When his party served in a coalition government in 1946, Chaves was appointed to the Supreme Court. He served as Paraguay's foreign minister from 1947. He was elected in April 1949 as President of the Chamber of Representatives, and kept that post until he became president in September 1949. He was elected for a three-year term in 1950 and later reelected in 1953. When Chaves tried to strengthen his regime by arming the national police in 1954, a coup d'état led by General Alfredo Stroessner on May 5 ended his administration.
Chaves died on 24 April 1978 at the age of 96 in the city of Asunción, from natural causes. He was buried with full state honours; Stroessner attended the services. When Isidro Ayora died on 22 March 1978 until his own death, he became the oldest living state leader.
| President of Paraguay
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