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Fairburn is a small village and civil parish in the Selby district of North Yorkshire, England.

Fairburn
St James Church Fairburn.jpg
St James' Church, Fairburn
Fairburn is located in North Yorkshire
Fairburn
Fairburn
Location within North Yorkshire
Population819 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSE471279
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCASTLEFORD
Postcode districtWF11
Dialling code01977
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°44′45″N 1°17′11″W / 53.7458°N 1.2865°W / 53.7458; -1.2865Coordinates: 53°44′45″N 1°17′11″W / 53.7458°N 1.2865°W / 53.7458; -1.2865

Situated approximately 10 miles (16 km) to the east of Leeds, the village lies close to the A1(M) motorway and the M62 motorway and until 2005, when the A1(M) motorway was opened, Fairburn was divided in two by the old A1 and the two sides of the village were connected by just one bridge, which has subsequently been removed.

Contents

OverviewEdit

The village sits on the eastern edge of a narrow ridge of southern magnesian limestone which runs from near Worksop in the south to near Richmond in the north. The geology gives rise to a particularly flower rich limestone grassland which still exists in areas unsuitable for cultivation, whilst alluvial soils and clays are found in the river valley bottoms. This outcrop of limestone has been used to construct many of the older houses in the village.

Fairburn Ings Nature ReserveEdit

Adjacent to the village is Fairburn Ings Nature Reserve, 1000 acres, with a Visitor Centre.

Notable residentsEdit

 
The Wagon & Horses

William Jessop, one of the most prolific engineers of the canal age, was living in Fairburn with his wife Sarah in 1781, as their second son Josias was baptised there on 26 October. They left to move to Newark two or three years later, and Josias went on to become a civil engineer in his own right.[2]

BibliographyEdit

  • Skempton, Sir Alec; et al. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland: Vol 1: 1500 to 1830. Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-2939-X.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  2. ^ Skempton 2002, p. 362

External linksEdit