Expedition 46 was the 46th expedition to the International Space Station.
|Mission type||ISS Expedition|
|Space Station||International Space Station|
|Began||11 December 2015UTC|
|Ended||1 March 2016UTC|
|Arrived aboard||Soyuz TMA-16M|
|Departed aboard||Soyuz TMA-18M|
(l-r) Kelly, Volkov, Korniyenko, Kopra, Peake, Malenchenko
Sergey Volkov, Mikhail Korniyenko and Scott Kelly transferred from Expedition 45, the latter two as part of their year-long stay aboard the ISS. Expedition 46 began with the departure of Soyuz TMA-17M on 11 December 2015 and concluded upon the departure of Soyuz TMA-18M on 1 March 2016, and the crew of Soyuz TMA-19M transferred to Expedition 47. The expedition has the first British ESA astronaut (Tim Peake) to visit the International Space Station (ISS).
(December 2015 to March 2016)
|Commander|| Scott Kelly, NASA|
Fourth and last Spaceflight
|Flight Engineer 1|| Mikhail Korniyenko, RSA|
Second and last spaceflight
|Flight Engineer 2|| Sergey Volkov, RSA|
Third and last spaceflight
|Flight Engineer 3|| Yuri Malenchenko, RSA|
Sixth and last spaceflight
|Flight Engineer 4|| Tim Peake, ESA|
|Flight Engineer 5|| Timothy Kopra, NASA|
Second and last spaceflight
Following the arrival of the Soyuz TMA-19M crew, the next vehicle manoeuvre was the departure of the Progress M-28M, on 19 December. Progress MS-1 then launched to the ISS, atop a Soyuz 2.1a, on 21 December. The same day, Commander Scott Kelly and Timothy Kopra performed a contingency EVA and successfully repaired the Mobile Base System. On 23 December, the Progress MS-1 resupply vehicle docked at the ISS.
On 8 January 2016, pupils from Sandringham School in St Albans made the first amateur radio call to a British astronaut at the International Space Station, contacting Tim Peake as part of his Principia mission.
On 15 January 2016, Tim Peake and Timothy Kopra began an EVA at 12:55 GMT. A failed voltage regulator (1B SSU) was replaced during the EVA. This EVA marked the first official spacewalk by a Briton, Tim Peake, who was wearing the Union Jack on his EMU. NASA decided to finish the spacewalk around 17:00 GMT, as Timothy Kopra reported water in his helmet. The spacesuit, which Kopra was wearing, was the same one worn by Luca Parmitano on 16 July 2013, when his helmet flooded during EVA-23 of Expedition 36.
On 23 February 2016, Scott Kelly displayed his sense of humour by wearing a gorilla suit, while chasing Tim Peake through the space station, in a recorded video with the backing track of Yakety Sax. The following day, a video message from Tim Peake was played at the 2016 Brit Awards, giving congratulations to Adele for her award.
A further EVA was also scheduled to take place during Expedition 46.
- "Upcoming ISS expeditions". Spacefacts. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "International Space Station Crew Assignments". Spaceflight101. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- Richardson, Derek (21 December 2015). "Spacewalkers fix stuck Mobile Transporter on International Space Station". Spaceflight Insider. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- Rincon, Paul (23 December 2015). "ISS crew receives Christmas delivery". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Pupils make radio call to Tim Peake". BBC News. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Griffin, Andrew (15 January 2016). "Tim Peake spacewalk finished early after fellow astronaut reports water leaking into helmet". Independent. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- Knapton, Sarah (15 January 2015). "Tim Peake spacewalk LIVE: emergency as water bubble appears in helmet of Nasa's Tim Kopra". Telegraph. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- "Spacewalk aborted after water leaks into astronaut's helmet". Chicago Tribune. 15 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- Malik, Tariq (23 February 2016). "Ape Escape in Space! Watch Astronaut Scott Kelly's Hilarious Video Hijinks". Space. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Kooser, Amanda (24 February 2016). "So there's a gorilla suit on board the International Space Station". CNET. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- Daly, Rhian (25 February 2016). "Astronaut Tim Peake presents Adele with Global Success Brit Award from International Space Station". NME. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
- "Expedition 46 Preview". Spaceflight 101. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
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