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Jezkazgan or Zhezkazgan (Kazakh: Жезқазған, romanized: Jezqazǵan, جەزقازعان), formerly known as Dzhezkazgan (Russian: Джезказган, until 1992), is a city in Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan, on a reservoir of the Kara-Kengir River. Population: 86,227 (2009 Census results);[1] 90,001 (1999 Census results).[1] Its urban area includes the neighbouring mining town of Satpayev, for a total city population of 148,700.

Jezkazgan

Жезқазған
Жезказган
Akimmat.jpg
Official seal of Jezkazgan
Seal
Jezkazgan is located in Kazakhstan
Jezkazgan
Jezkazgan
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 47°47′0″N 67°42′0″E / 47.78333°N 67.70000°E / 47.78333; 67.70000
CountryKazakhstan
RegionKaraganda Region
Founded1938
Government
 • Akim (mayor)Batyrlan Akhmetov
Elevation
300 m (1,000 ft)
Population
 (2009)
 • City86,227
 • Urban
90,661
Time zoneUTC+6 (ALMT)
Postal code
100600
Area code(s)+7 7102
Websitehttp://www.jezkazgan.kz

55% of Jezkagan population are Kazakhs, 30% Russians, with smaller minorities of Ukrainians, Germans, Chechens and Koreans.

Contents

Geography and climateEdit

Jezkazgan is situated in the very heart of the Kazakh upland. It is also near the geographic center of the country. It has an extremely continental semi-arid climate (BSk); rain is frequent but never heavy and monthly rainfall has never reached 100 millimetres (4 in). The average temperature ranges from 24 °C (75 °F) in July to −16 °C (3 °F) in January, whilst extremes ranges from 43 °C (109 °F) in June 1988 to −41.1 °C (−42.0 °F) in February 1951.

Climate data for Dzhezkazgan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
9.0
(48.2)
27.4
(81.3)
34.2
(93.6)
37.2
(99.0)
43.0
(109.4)
42.2
(108.0)
42.4
(108.3)
39.9
(103.8)
30.5
(86.9)
22.0
(71.6)
9.8
(49.6)
43.0
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−7.1
(19.2)
0.6
(33.1)
15.7
(60.3)
23.4
(74.1)
29.9
(85.8)
31.3
(88.3)
29.8
(85.6)
23.2
(73.8)
13.7
(56.7)
2.2
(36.0)
−5.7
(21.7)
12.4
(54.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.0
(8.6)
−12.3
(9.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
8.6
(47.5)
16.2
(61.2)
22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
22.5
(72.5)
15.2
(59.4)
6.3
(43.3)
−2.8
(27.0)
−10.2
(13.6)
6.1
(43.0)
Average low °C (°F) −17.6
(0.3)
−17.3
(0.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
2.2
(36.0)
8.7
(47.7)
14.5
(58.1)
16.8
(62.2)
14.4
(57.9)
7.1
(44.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−14.6
(5.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
Record low °C (°F) −40.0
(−40.0)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−36.1
(−33.0)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
3.9
(39.0)
−2.6
(27.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−41.1
(−42.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.7)
16
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
17
(0.7)
19
(0.7)
17
(0.7)
18
(0.7)
11
(0.4)
5
(0.2)
16
(0.6)
17
(0.7)
16
(0.6)
187
(7.4)
Average rainy days 1 2 4 6 9 8 8 5 4 6 5 2 60
Average snowy days 17 13 7 2 0.3 0 0 0 0.03 2 8 14 63
Average relative humidity (%) 78 76 75 56 48 40 41 40 43 60 76 79 59
Source: погода и климат[2]

HistoryEdit

The city was created in 1938 in connection with the exploitation of the rich copper deposits. In 1973 a large mining and metallurgical complex was constructed to the southeast to smelt the copper that until then had been sent elsewhere for processing. Other metal ores mined and processed locally are manganese and iron.

During the Soviet era, Jezkazgan was the site of a Gulag labor camp, Kengir, mentioned in Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's book The Gulag Archipelago, and Alexander Dolgun's "An American In The Gulag", and the period of forced resettlement of Koreans from the Russian Far East.

IndustryEdit

Today the city is the headquarters of the copper conglomerate Kazakhmys, the city's main employer. The company has subsidiaries in China, Russia and the United Kingdom and is listed on the London Stock Exchange. There is a power station, Kazakhmys Power Plant with generation capacity of 207 MW and a 220 metres tall main chimney.[citation needed]

TransportEdit

Jezkazgan has a rail line to the regional capital city Karaganda.

Jezkazgan is connected by road to Karaganda via European route E018 and Kyzylorda and Arkalyk via European route E123. The city is accessible by air via the Zhezkazgan Airport.

Soyuz emergency landingsEdit

The Soyuz 33 spacecraft returning cosmonauts from outer space landed in the remote flat countryside surrounding Jezkazgan in 1979. The Baikonur Cosmodrome lies 400 kilometres (250 mi) to the southwest and, by tradition, every cosmonaut plants a tree on Jezkazgan's Seyfullin-Boulevard to mark his or her safe return from space.[citation needed]

Again on 11 October 2018 the Soyuz MS-10/56S landed near Jezkazgan when a booster failed during launch.[3]

Luna 16's samples from the moon returned close to here on 24 September 1970.

Persons associated with JezkazganEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Weather and Climate – The Climate of Jezkazgan" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  3. ^ https://spaceflightnow.com/2018/10/10/live-coverage-two-man-crew-to-launch-on-six-month-space-station-expedition/

External linksEdit