Equestrian at the 1900 Summer Olympics – Hacks and hunter combined

The "hacks and hunter combined", also known as the "chevaux de selle", was an equestrian event at the 1900 Summer Olympics. It is unknown how many riders competed. The top four placers are known, as are about half the remaining riders who competed, including three women (Elvira Guerra, Jane Moulin and Blanche de Marcigny). As an upper limit, 50 men and 1 woman are listed as entrants in the Official Report, but it is almost certain that not all actually competed.

Hacks and hunter combined
at the Games of the II Olympiad
Épreuve-chevaux-de-selle-concours-hippique-international-JO1900.jpg
Images of the hacks and hunter combined competition
Venue7th arrondissement of Paris
Date31 May
Competitors51 from at least 6 nations
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Napoléon Murat
 France
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Victor Archenoul
 France
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Robert de Montesquiou
 France

Sources prior to 1996 often did not list this event as Olympic. The IOC website currently has affirmed a total of 95 medal events, after accepting, as it appears, the recommendation of Olympic historian Bill Mallon regarding events that should be considered "Olympic".[1][2] These additional events include the hacks and hunter combined event. (Mallon and de Wael had included this event in their Olympic lists.)

BackgroundEdit

No equestrian events were held at the first modern Olympics in 1896. Five events, including this one, were featured in 1900. Only the show jumping competition would ever be held again after that; this was the only appearance of the hacks and hunter combined.[3]

Competition formatEdit

The contest consisted of performing both on the flat at various gaits as well as executing two low jumps. Competitors were scored for the quality of the execution of the routine.[4][3]

ScheduleEdit

Date Time Round
Thursday, 31 May 1900 Final

ResultsEdit

Rank Rider Nation Horse
  Napoléon Murat   France The General
  Victor Archenoul   France Retournelle
  Robert de Montesquiou   France Grey Leg
4 Paul Haëntjens   France Mavourneen
5–51 Maurice Jéhin   France Biscuit
René Alfred Robert de Quincey   France Cy Beau
Auguste Roy   France Reine de Sabat
Louis de Champsavin   France Terpsichore
Elvira Guerra   Italy Libertin
Pierre Dillon   France Duc d'Aoste
Georges de Lagarenne   France Louqsor
Hermann Mandl   Austria <Unknown>
Cordon   France <Unknown>
Mathieu Marie de Lesseps   France <Unknown>
Élie de Polyakov   Russian Empire <Unknown>
Jane Moulin   France <Unknown>
Georges Van Der Poele   Belgium <Unknown>
Vigneulles   France <Unknown>
Blanche de Marcigny   France <Unknown>
de La Forgue de Bellegarde[a]   France Staag
Maurice Foache   France Fils d'Artois
Pierre Louis Alaret   France <Unknown>
Charles Baveaux   France <Unknown>
Marquis de Croix   France Ronfleur
Louis d'Havrincourt   France Bambocheur
Up to 26 more competitors

Sources: [6][3][7][5][8]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Paris 1900". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  2. ^ Mallon, Bill (1998). The 1900 Olympic Games, Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-4064-1.
  3. ^ a b c "Hacks And Hunter Combined, Open". Olympedia. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  4. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Equestrianism at the 1900 Paris Summer Games: Mixed Hacks And Hunter Combined". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Le Concours Hippique; Journee du 31 Mai". La France Militaire (in French). 1 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 6 March 2022 – via Retro News.
  6. ^ "Section V: Sport Hippique". Concours Internationaux d'exercices physiques et de sports (Report) (in French). Ministére du commerce, de l'industrie, des postes et des télégraphes. 1901. pp. 278–295. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  7. ^ Mallon, Bill (11 July 2015). The 1900 Olympic Games. McFarland. ISBN 9780786489527. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Le Concours Hippique (1)". L'Acclimatation des animaux et des plantes (in French). p. 289–290. Retrieved 6 March 2022 – via Gallica.

SourcesEdit