|2004 Athens||10,000 m|
|2005 Helsinki||5000 m|
|2005 Helsinki||10,000 m|
She is a member of the Oromo ethnic group from the high-altitude Arsi Zone of the Oromia Region. She is the third child of six, her younger sisters Tirunesh and Genzebe are also international long distance athletes, and brother Dejene is marked as a future star. Like her sister Tirunesh, her cousin Derartu Tulu is a double Olympic gold medalist (1992 and 2000).
Ejegayehu beat her cousin to take the silver medal in the 10,000 metres at the 2004 Summer Olympics, her two bronze medals at the IAAF World Championships in Athletics were behind her sister winning the gold in the final sprint.
Ejegayehu made her debut over the marathon distance at the 2011 Chicago Marathon and defeated Kayoko Fukushi by 2 minutes, 29 seconds in making her marathon debut at 2:22:09, the third fastest debut time and easily winning her marathon debut. Ejegayehu Dibaba is 1.60 m tall and weighs 46 kg.
- Zorzi, Alberto (27 September 2010). "Soi and Kibet take victories in Scili". IAAF. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- Ferstle, Jim (9 October 2011). "Mosop and Shobukova scorch to Chicago titles - UPDATED". IAAF. Retrieved 7 May 2016. Although she finished second, she was subsequently awarded the win in 2014 when Lilya Shobukova was subsequently disqualified for a doping scheme. See Doping in Russia for details on Shobukova's incident leading to disqualification.
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