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The African Games, formally known as the All-Africa Games or the Pan African Games, are a continental multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the African Union (AU) with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) and the Association of African Sports Confederations (AASC).

All of the competing nations are from the African continent. The first Games were held in 1965 in Brazzaville, Congo. The International Olympic Committee granted official recognition as a continental multi-sport event, along with the Asian Games and Pan American Games. Since 1999, the Games have also included athletes with a disability.[1]

The Supreme Council for Sport in Africa (SCSA) was the organisation body for the game. On 26 July 2013, the Extraordinary Assembly of the Supreme Council for Sports held in Abidjan, Ivory Coast that was held on the sidelines of the 5th Session of the African Union Conference of Sports Ministers that started on 22 July 2013 recommended the dissolution of the Supreme Council for Sport in Africa and to also transfer all functions, assets & liabilities of SCSA to the African Union Commission.[2][3] The organization of the African Games is now managed by three parts, the AU (the owners of the game), the ANOCA (occupying the technical aspects) and the AASC (developing marketing policy, sponsorship and research resources).

After running previous 11 editions as the All-Africa Games, the games has been renamed the African Games. The decision for the name change was arrived at, during the Executive Council meeting of the African Union held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in January 2012.[4]

HistoryEdit

BeginningEdit

Modern Olympics founder Pierre de Coubertin conceived the Pan African Games as early as 1920. The colonial powers who ruled Africa at the time were wary of the idea, suspecting the unifying aspect of sport among African people would cause them to assert their independence.

Attempts were made to host the games in Algiers, Algeria in 1925 and Alexandria, Egypt in 1928, but despite considerable preparations taken by coordinators, the efforts failed. The International Olympic Committee's (IOC) first African member, Greek-born Egyptian sprinter Angelo Bolanaki, donated funds to erect a stadium, but still the Games were set back for another three decades.

The Friendship GamesEdit

In the early 1960s, French-speaking countries of Africa including France organized the Friendship Games. The Games were organized by Madagascar (1960) and then Côte d'Ivoire (1961). The third games were set for Senegal in 1963. Before they were completed, African Ministers of Youth and Sport met in Paris in 1962; as a few English-speaking countries were already participating, they rechristened the Games as the Pan African Games. The Games were granted official recognition by the IOC as being on par with other continental Games such as the Asian Games and the Pan American Games.

The gamesEdit

In July 1965, the first games were held in Brazzaville, Congo, now called the All-Africa Games. From 30 countries, around 2,500 athletes competed. Egypt topped the medal count for the first Games.

In 1966, the SCSA was organized in Bamako; it manages the All-Africa Games. The second edition were awarded to Mali in 1969, but a military coup forced the cancellation of the Games. Lagos, Nigeria stepped in as host for the Games in 1971. Those Games were finally held in 1973 due to the Biafra War, which had just ended in Nigeria.

In 1977, the 3rd Games were scheduled to take place in Algeria but due to technical reasons had to be postponed for a year and were held in 1978. Continuing the pattern, the next Games were scheduled to take place in Kenya in 1983, but were pushed back to 1985 and finally took place in Nairobi in 1987.

The four-year Olympic rhythm has not missed a beat since, and the Games have been organized in Cairo, Harare, Johannesburg, and Abuja. In 2007, Algiers once again hosted, becoming the first repeat host. The 2011 edition of the All-Africa Games was held in Maputo, Mozambique in September 2011. Brazzaville hosted the 2015 edition in honor of the Games' 50th anniversary.

ParticipationEdit

All 53 members affiliated to the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) are eligible to take part in the Games. In history, the 53 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) have sent competitors to the Games.

South Africa was banned since the beginning of the games in the 1965 All-Africa Games till the 1991 All-Africa Games because Apartheid officially ended when it was invited for the first time to compete the games.

Morocco was banned from the games from the 1987 All-Africa Games to the 2015 African Games because of a political dispute over Western Sahara. Morocco claims the territory as its "Southern Provinces" and controls 80% of it while the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which claims to be a sovereign state, controls the remaining 20% as the "Free Zone". In 2018, after the Moroccan government signed its treaty of return to the African Union, the country also pledged to return to the African Games. Rabat, Morocco will host the 2019 African Games.[5][6][7]

EditionsEdit

Host cities of the African Games
Edition Year Host city[8] Host nation Opened by Date Nations Athletes Sports Events Most gold medals
1 1965 Brazzaville   Republic of the Congo Alphonse Massemba July 18–28 30 2,500 10 54   United Arab Republic
1969 Bamako   Mali Disrupted by military coup
2 1973 Lagos   Nigeria Yakubu Gowon January 7–18 36 12 92   Egypt
3 1978 Algiers   Algeria Houari Boumediene July 13–28 38 3,000 12 117   Tunisia
4 1987 Nairobi   Kenya Daniel Arap Moi August 1–12 41 14 164   Egypt
5 1991 Cairo   Egypt Hosni Mubarak September 20–October 1 43 18 213   Egypt
6 1995 Harare   Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe September 13–23 46 6,000 19 224   South Africa
7 1999 Johannesburg   South Africa Thabo Mbeki September 10–19 51 6,000 20 224   South Africa
8 2003 Abuja   Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo October 5–17 50 6,000 22 332   Nigeria
9 2007 Algiers   Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika July 11–23 52 4,793 27 374   Egypt
10 2011 Maputo   Mozambique Armando Guebuza September 3–18 53 5,000 20 244   South Africa
11 2015 Brazzaville   Republic of the Congo Denis Nguesso September 4–19 54 15,000 22 323   Egypt
12 2019 Rabat   Morocco Prince Moulay Rachid August 19–31 54 4,386 26 340   Egypt
13 2023 Accra   Ghana Future event

SportsEdit

35 sports, 2 demonstration sports and 6 Para sports were presented in African Games history until 2019 African Games (also 1991 Diving and 1999 Netball were demonstration).

Number Event 1965 1973 1978 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019
Main Sports
1 Athletics                        
2 Cycling                        
3 Gymnastics No No No No                
4 Shooting No No No No     No No   No No  
5 Swimming                        
Boat Sports
6 Canoeing No No No No No No No No No   No  
7 Rowing No No No No No No No No   No No  
8 Sailing No No No No No No No No     No No
Combat Sports
9 Boxing                        
10 Fencing No No No No No No No No        
11 Judo                        
12 Karate No No No No                
13 Kickboxing No No No No No No No No   No No No
14 Taekwondo No No No                  
15 Wrestling                        
Team Sports
16 Baseball No No No No No       No No No No
17 Basketball                        
18 Field Hockey No No No           No No No No
19 Football                        
20 Handball                        
21 Netball No No No No No No Dem No No   No No
22 Softball No No No No No No No   No No No No
23 Volleyball                        
Racquet Sports
24 Badminton No No No No No No No          
25 Squash No No No No No No No   No No No No
26 Table Tennis No                      
27 Tennis                        
Other Sports
28 Archery No No No No No No No No No No No  
29 Chess No No No No No No No       No  
30 Cue Sports No No No No No No No No No No No  
31 Diving No No No No Dem   No No No No No No
32 Equestrian No No No No No No No No   No No  
33 Petanque No No No No No No No No No No   No
34 Triathlon No No No No No No No No No   No  
35 Weightlifting No No   No           No    
Demonstration Sports
36 Nzango No No No No No No No No No No   No
37 Pharaoh Boxing No No No No No No No No No No   No
Para Sports ( from 2019 African Para Games )
38 Para Athletics No No No No No No No         No
39 Goalball No No No No No No No No   No No No
40 Para Powerlifting No No No No No No No   No No   No
41 Para Swimming No No No No No No No No No   No No
42 Para Table Tennis No No No No No No No   No No No No
43 Wheelchair Basketball No No No No No No No No   No No No

Medal countEdit

50 nations have won at least a single medal in the African Games, from 54 National Olympic Committees participating throughout the history of the Games. 42 nations have won at least a single gold medal. [9]

No. Nation Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Egypt (EGY) 12 650 504 481 1635
2   Nigeria (NGR) 12 470 428 428 1326
3   South Africa (RSA) 7 397 362 295 1054
4   Algeria (ALG) 12 310 312 400 1022
5   Tunisia (TUN) 12 234 208 242 781
6   Kenya (KEN) 12 134 144 164 442
7   Senegal (SEN) 12 65 71 153 289
8   Ethiopia (ETH) 12 45 54 75 174
9   Cameroon (CMR) 12 41 70 137 248
10   Morocco (MAR) 4 40 44 61 145
11   Ghana (GHA) 9 36 54 95 185
12   Zimbabwe (ZIM) 12 35 43 71 149
13   Ivory Coast (CIV) 12 29 32 65 126
14   Angola (ANG) 9 24 21 41 86
15   Uganda (UGA) 12 22 21 44 87

LegacyEdit

After hearing about the Pan-African Games whilst on a business trip to Congo, Soviet Union-Armenian diplomat Ashot Melik-Shahnazaryan got the idea to create the Pan-Armenian Games.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 9th All African Games Underway in Algeria, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  2. ^ 27/10/2011 The All Africa Games shall henceforth be organized by ANOCA and the AASC Archived November 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Confederation of African Athletics (CAA)
  3. ^ All Africa Games: Popoola hails SCSA dissolution, www.vanguardngr.com
  4. ^ "All-Africa Games now renamed "African Games". The Guardian. NAN. September 13, 2015.
  5. ^ we Ain’t ready To stage 2019 AAG
  6. ^ All Africa Games. FEI. Retrieved on 29 January 2018.
  7. ^ Morocco To Host African Games Around The Rings, 25 July 2018
  8. ^ ANOCA (archived)
  9. ^ https://bestsports.com.br/db/cmppag.php?cmp=79&lang=2

External linksEdit