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E.ON SE (marketed with an interpunct as E·ON) is a European holding company based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It runs one of the world's largest investor-owned electric utility service providers. The name comes from the Greek word aeon which means age. The company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index, DAX stock index and a member of the Dow Jones Global Titans 50 index.
E.ON headquarters in Essen
|Traded as||FWB: EOAN|
Johannes Teyssen (CEO and chairman of the executive board)|
Werner Wenning (Chairman of the supervisory board)
Electricity generation and distribution|
natural gas exploration, production, transportation and distribution
|Revenue||€37.965 billion (2017)|
|€4.180 billion (2017)|
|Total assets||€55.950 billion (2017)|
Number of employees
|42,699 (end 2017)|
E.ON separated its conventional power generation and energy trading operations into a new company, Uniper, on 1 January 2016, retaining its retail, distribution and nuclear operations. E.ON sold a majority stake in Uniper in September 2016.
In March 2018, it was announced that E.ON will acquire renewable energy utility Innogy from its controlling shareholder RWE. The deal will result in E.ON becoming a pure retail and distribution company. This is achieved through a complex €43 billion asset swap deal between E.ON, Innogy and RWE where E.ON takes over Innogy's retail and distribution business whereas RWE takes over both Innogy's renewable energy generation portfolio as well as E.ON's remaining energy generation assets. In addition, RWE will take a 16.7% stake in E.ON and E.ON will receive a cash payment of €1.5 billion.
E.ON came into existence in 2000 through the merger of energy companies VEBA and VIAG (Vereinigte Industrieunternehmungen AG; United Industrial Enterprises Corporation). In the United Kingdom, Powergen was acquired by E.ON in January 2002. In 2003 E.ON entered the gas market through the acquisition of Ruhrgas (later: E.ON Ruhrgas). E.ON Ruhrgas was represented in more than 20 countries in Europe.
E.ON also acquired Sydkraft in Sweden and OGK-4 in Russia. Sydkraft and Powergen were rebranded to E.ON Sverige and E.ON UK respectively. In the United States, E.ON inherited Louisville, Kentucky-based Louisville Gas & Electric Energy, via the acquisition of Powergen, and operated it as E.ON US, until 2010, when E.ON US was sold to Pennsylvania-based PPL for $7.625 billion. The sale was closed on 1 November 2010, with E-ON US becoming LG&E and KU Energy.
E.ON attempted to acquire Endesa in 2006, however this acquisition was overtaken by a joint bid from Italian utility Enel in conjunction with Spanish company Acciona. E.ON acquired about €10 billion of assets that the enlarged Enel was required to divest under EU competition rulings.
In July 2009, the European Commission fined GDF Suez and E.ON €553 million each over arrangements on the MEGAL pipeline. It was the second biggest fines imposed by the European Commission and first one on the energy sector. In 1975, Ruhrgas and Gaz de France concluded a deal according to which they agreed not to sell gas in each other's home market. The deal was abandoned in 2005.
In 2009, E.ON and RWE established an equally owned joint venture Horizon Nuclear Power to develop around 6,000 MWe of new nuclear capacity in the United Kingdom by 2025 at the Wylfa and Oldbury sites. However, in March 2012 E.ON and RWE announced they were pulling out of the project due to difficult financial conditions.
In August 2011, the company announced a possible loss of 10,000 of its 85,600 employees due to the German decision to close all the country's nuclear power stations by 2022, instead of by 2036 as the Bundestag had decided on 28 October 2010.
As a result, E.ON developed an enhancement program to reorganize the company. The company made progress in implementing its strategy and will increase its activities in growth markets outside Europe. The next step is to enter the Brazilian market.
In May 2014 the UK energy sector regular Ofgem ordered the company to pay 330,000 of its customers a total sum of £12 million due to poor sales practices the company engaged in between June 2010 and December 2013. At the time it was the largest penalty levied against a UK energy supplier.
In November 2014, E.ON announced to abstain from fossil energy in the future. It transferred its fossil energy businesses into a new company Uniper, which started operating on 1 January 2016. E.ON sold a 53% stake in the business through a listing on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in September 2016. In 2017, it agreed to sell its remaining stake in Uniper to the Finnish power company Fortum.
E.ON is one of the major public utility companies in Europe and the world's largest investor-owned energy service provider. As result of mergers, E.ON inherited the subsidiaries of VEBA, VIAG and Ruhrgas in Central and Eastern Europe. E.ON is present in most of Scandinavia.
E.ON is organized into the following business areas:
- Customer Solutions
- Energy Networks
E.ON subsidiary PreussenElektra GmbH operates the Brokdorf, Grohnde, and Isar 2 nuclear power plants. It is decommissioning Isar 1 and Unterweser nuclear power plants. It also holds minority stakes in the RWE-operated Gundremmingen and Emsland nuclear power plants. According to the assets swap deal between E.ON and RWE, RWE will acquire these minority stakes.
Eon is a major wind energy player across multiple countries. It has assets in the UK, Sweden, Germany, Poland and the USA. Notably E.ON UK, owns 30% of the London Array project, which is a 630 MW wind generation farm in the Thames estuary. Another notable wind farm is Roscoe, which was the largest in the world at the time of completion, and for a number of years afterwards.
E.ON Business Services (previously E.ON IT (until 30 September 2013), and is:energy) is the IT service provider of the energy company E.ON. It bundles business services for finance and HR as well as IT under a single roof and employs around 3,800 people. These are located at four legal entities in Germany (EBS GmbH, EBS Berlin GmbH, EBS Hanover GmbH and EBS Regensburg GmbH); plus legal entities in ten further countries (Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden and United Kingdom). 
Before the VEBA and VIAG merged to become E.ON, these companies were provided with IT services by synergis GmbH and GEDOS mbH. After the merger in 2001, these two companies became is:energy. The new company was a partnership of E.ON Energie AG (74.78%) and Cap Gemini Ernst & Young AG (25.22%). In 2005 Cap Gemini Ernst & Young relinquished its minority stake to E.ON's regional suppliers. This created is:energy, which as a result of the change of partners became E.ON IS, a direct subsidiary of E.ON. In 2006, E.ON IS extended its product range to include telecommunications services. At the same time, the company's international expansion continued.
E.ON UK sponsored the FA Cup for four years, from 2006 to the end of the 2009/10 football season. The four-year deal which included the FA Women's Cup and the FA Youth Cup was worth around £40 million. E.ON is the official energy partner of The Football League and sponsors a collection of home programmes on Channel Five in the UK. E.ON has previously sponsored ITV Weather, the Ipswich Town football club and the Rugby Cup.
In 2014, E.ON decided to sell Jackson Pollock's Number 5 (Elegant Lady) (1951), a painting the company has owned since 1980, at Christie's auction to keep funding the Museum Kunstpalast. Pollock had swapped it in 1954 with New York gallery owner Martha Jackson for the convertible in which he had a fatal accident two years later. In 1980, Ulrich Hartmann, head of VEBA's corporate board office, pushed for the purchase from art dealer Alfred Schmela. The acquisition was considered the foundation for E.ON's art collection of more than 1,800 works.
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