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Dublin (formerly, Amador and Dougherty's Station) is a suburban city of the East (San Francisco) Bay and Tri-Valley regions of Alameda County, California, United States. It is located along the north side of Interstate 580 at the intersection with Interstate 680, roughly 35 miles (56 km) east of downtown San Francisco, 23 miles (37 km) east of downtown Oakland, and 31 miles (50 km) north of downtown San Jose.

Dublin
City of Dublin
Official seal of Dublin
Seal
Location of Dublin in Alameda County, California.
Location of Dublin in Alameda County, California.
Dublin is located in California
Dublin
Dublin
Location in California
Dublin is located in the United States
Dublin
Dublin
Dublin (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°42′08″N 121°56′09″W / 37.70222°N 121.93583°W / 37.70222; -121.93583Coordinates: 37°42′08″N 121°56′09″W / 37.70222°N 121.93583°W / 37.70222; -121.93583
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyAlameda
IncorporatedFebruary 1, 1982[1]
Government
 • MayorDavid Haubert[2]
 • State SenateSteve Glazer (D)[3]
 • State AssemblyRebecca Bauer-Kahan (D)[4]
 • U. S. CongressEric Swalwell (D)[5]
Area
 • Total15.23 sq mi (39.45 km2)
 • Land15.23 sq mi (39.45 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.03%
Elevation367 ft (112 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total46,036
 • Estimate 
(2018)[8]
63,445
 • Density3,911.44/sq mi (1,510.22/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
94568
Area code(s)925
FIPS code06-20018
GNIS feature IDs1655980, 2410362
Websitewww.ci.dublin.ca.us
Front of the public library in Dublin

It was referred to as "Dublin" in reference to the city of Dublin in Ireland because of the large number of Irish who lived there.[9] The post office formally adopted the name in the 1890s.[9]

The population was 46,063 (2010 census), and the 2019 estimate at 64,577.[10] In 2013, Dublin was the second fastest-growing city in the state of California, behind only Santa Clarita.[11] In 2019, census data showed Dublin as one of the fastest growing cities in the country.[12] Dublin was formerly home to the headquarters of Sybase, Inc (now part of SAP SE) and is currently home to the headquarters for CallidusCloud, Ross Stores, Medley Health,[13] Challenge Dairy and Arlen Ness.

In 2018, Dublin was ranked #7 in Money's list of "The Best Places to Live".[14]

Contents

GovernmentEdit

The City of Dublin is a general law city operating under a City Council / City Manager form of local government. This form of government combines an elected mayor and council and an appointed local government administrator. The City Council elections are nonpartisan. The Mayor serves a two-year term, and Council members serve four-year terms.

The Mayor and City Council, as a collegial body, are responsible for setting policy, setting / prioritizing goals and objectives, and approving the budget. The Mayor, with confirmation by the City Council, makes appointments to the City's advisory commissions and committees.

The Council appoints the City Manager, who is responsible for the day-to-day administrative operation of the City, including:

  • Delivery of services
  • Hiring of personnel
  • Implementation of capital projects
  • Preparation of the budget

As of January 2019, the Council consisted of Mayor David Haubert, Vice Mayor Melissa Hernandez, Arun Goel, Jean Josey, and Shawn Kumagai.[15]

Additionally, Dublin has introduced the Youth Committee, where teens aged 13–18 can apply for a committee position and meet with the rest of the board.

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.9 square miles (40 km2) of which 0.03% is water.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
197013,641
198013,496−1.1%
199023,22972.1%
200029,97329.0%
201046,03653.6%
Est. 201863,445[8]37.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

2010Edit

The 2010 United States Census[17] reported that Dublin had a population of 46,036, which grew over 57,000 as of 2016, and nearly 65,000 in 2018.[18] It has been one of the fastest-growing cities in California, with its population nearly doubling during the past decade. Once the building of homes is finished in East Dublin, the city will have a capacity for over 75,000 citizens. The population density in 2010 was 3,087.1 people per square mile (1,192.0/km²). The racial makeup of Dublin was 23,634 (51.3%) White, 4,347 (9.4%) African American, 246 (0.5%) Native American, 12,321 (26.8%) Asian, 287 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 2,458 (5.3%) from other races, and 2,743 (6.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,663 persons (14.5%).

The Census reported that 40,262 people (87.5% of the population) lived in households, 92 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 5,682 (12.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,913 households, out of which 5,897 (39.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 8,615 (57.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,383 (9.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 615 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 775 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 142 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,201 households (21.5%) were made up of individuals and 578 (3.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70. There were 10,613 families (71.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.19.

The population was spread out with 10,297 people (22.4%) under the age of 18, 3,703 people (8.0%) aged 18 to 24, 17,587 people (38.2%) aged 25 to 44, 11,092 people (24.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,357 people (7.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.4 males.

There were 15,782 housing units at an average density of 1,058.3 per square mile (408.6/km²), of which 14,913 were occupied, of which 9,425 (63.2%) were owner-occupied, and 5,488 (36.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.0%. 26,954 people (58.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,308 people (28.9%) lived in rental housing units.

The median income for a household in the city was $114,699, and the median income for a family was $128,737. The per capita income for the city was $44,679.

Demographic profile[19] 2010
Total Population 46,036 - 100.0%
One Race 43,293 - 94.0%
Not Hispanic or Latino 39,373 - 85.5%
White alone 20,380 - 44.3%
Black or African American alone 4,214 - 9.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone 164 - 0.4%
Asian alone 12,170 - 26.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 277 - 0.6%
Some other race alone 141 - 0.3%
Two or more races alone 2,027 - 4.4%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 6,663 - 14.5%

2000Edit

In 2000, there were 9,325 households and 6,508 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,232.9 people per square mile (1,412.1/km²). There are about 9,872 housing units at an average density of 784.3 per square mile (302.7/km²).

There were 9,325 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65  years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was 21.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 44.1% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.4 males. The average income for a household in the city is $101,550.[20] Males had a median income of $77,605 versus $48,116 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,451. About 1.9% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

PoliticsEdit

Dublin has 28,798 registered voters with 12,071 (41.9%) registered as Democrats, 5,044 (17.5%) registered as Republicans, and 10,505 (36.5%) decline to state voters.[21]

In the House of Representatives, Dublin is part of California's 15th congressional district, represented by Democrat Eric Swalwell. In the State Assembly, it is represented by Democrat Rebecca Bauer-Kahan, and in the State Senate by Democrat Steve Glazer.

EconomyEdit

Top employersEdit

According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[22] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 United States Government
(including Federal Correctional Institution, Dublin)
2,100
2 Dublin Unified School District 915
3 SAP 700
4 Ross Stores 500
4 Carl Zeiss Meditec 500
5 Target 350
5 CallidusCloud 350
6 County of Alameda 325
7 DeSilva Gates Construction 300
7 MicroDental Laboratories 300
8 Safeway 280
9 City of Dublin 237
10 Whole Foods Market 233

HistoryEdit

 
The Murray Schoolhouse was built in 1856 and moved twice to its present location in the Dublin Heritage Center.
 
Historic Green's Store is now used as a church.

In 1835, José María Amador was granted 16,500 acres for his service as a Mexican soldier and in Mission San Jose where he was an administrator in the valley which was named Amador Valley after him. In 1850, Irish settlers bought land from Amador and founded a town.

Several historical sites are preserved and located where Dublin Boulevard is crossed by Donlan Way, itself formerly the northernmost segment of the main road to Sunol and Niles Canyon (present-day Foothill Road):

Dublin Boulevard, a generally east-west road running just north of Interstate 580, was a part of the Lincoln Highway and later U.S. Route 50. The street formerly curved southward near today's Hansen Drive to follow present-day Dublin Canyon Road toward Hayward.

In 1960, the first housing tracts were built in West Dublin, transforming the formerly rural community into a suburb. It grew steadily from the early 1960s onward as both a residential and retail center. The City became incorporated in February 1982.

Although a post office operated from 1860 to 1908 in Dougherty, which broke off from Dublin, Dublin's first post office was opened in 1963, and is still in operation today.[23]

The popular Discovery Channel program MythBusters has filmed over 50 episodes in Dublin at the Alameda County Sheriff's Office bomb disposal range.[24] On December 6, 2011, a cannonball fired during a MythBusters episode being filmed at the bomb range went off target and damaged two homes and a minivan in a nearby neighborhood. The incident received coverage internationally.[25][26][27][28] MythBusters stars Adam Savage and Kari Byron returned to Dublin High School on February 22, 2012 to participate in a moderated panel session at Dublin High School's Engineering and Design Academy Open House during National Engineers Week 2012. The sold out event attracted an audience of over 1,000. [29][30][31]

MythBusters cannonball incidentEdit

On December 6, 2011, shooting was in progress for the popular Discovery Channel program MythBusters, when a cannonball went skyward and zoomed through a residence near Camp Parks, where the filming was taking place, also damaging a car, which was the final resting place of the cannonball. Many residents were shaken and the community was shocked, but nobody was injured. Mythbusters Adam Savage and Kari Byron hosted a student engineering event at Dublin High School, a move to express gratitude to the community of Dublin for the access to Camp Parks as a shooting location. The Dublin Film Commission declared December 6 "Victory in the battle for Dublin", poking at the rogue cannonball incident, and plans to host a film festival every December 6 to honor Dublin's fallen cannonball. On December 6, 2012, Tri-Valley Film Coalition President Morgan Finley King hosted a film festival at the Dublin Library, in which winners of each category were awarded a "Golden Cannonball Award".[32]

Building and development in DublinEdit

Dublin has two dog parks: Dougherty Hills Dog Park, which comprises an area for large dogs and another area for small dogs [33] and a dog run at Bray Commons.[34]

Whole Foods Market, Nordstrom Rack, Dick's Sporting Goods, HomeGoods, and a second Target location, have all opened for business in the Eastern side of the city, along with restaurant chains BJ's Restaurant & Brewhouse, and Lazy Dog Restaurant & Bar.

Dublin also opened Fallon Sports Park [35] in East Dublin in 2010. The first phase of the Fallon Sports Park includes two adult softball fields, two little league baseball fields, two synthetic turf soccer fields, four lighted basketball courts, four lighted tennis courts, and a rough grade BMX bike facility. Currently, the City is constructing the second phase of the park, which includes a 90-foot baseball diamond and two additional turf soccer fields, among other amenities.

Wallis Ranch is a subdivision developed by Trumark Communities with approximately 816 units which opened its first phase in September 2016. Trumark divided the project into eight neighborhoods, selling seven of them to other homebuilders including Warmington Residential, PulteGroup, Taylor Morrison, KB Home and D.R. Horton. Architects KTGY Architecture + Planning, Dahlin Group and Gates & Associates were the master plan architects. Teichert Construction built the infrastructure.[36]

Tassajara Hills is another subdivision built by Toll Brothers, approximately 370 detached homes.[37] Transit-oriented development around the City's two BART stations continues with the Aster and Valor Crossing developments. Valor Crossing is an affordable housing project specifically designed for veterans and their families. Avalon Dublin Station is another recently completed luxury rental development by AvalonBay Communities.

Dublin has also undergone significant remodeling and expansion, with almost every shopping center in Dublin being remodeled while new shopping centers continued to be built.[38] Dublin Place and Dublin Retail Center were followed by Hacienda Crossings,[39] The Shops at Waterford, The Shops at Tralee Village, Grafton Station, Fallon Gateway, and Persimmon Place.[40]

Emerald Glen Park is the largest community park in Dublin. On Memorial Day weekend 2017, the City opened The Wave at Emerald Glen Park, a 31,000-square foot facility which is anchored by an indoor pool for year-round swimming lessons, exercise programs, and recreational use.

A new BART station in West Dublin began construction in 2007. The project cost $80 million and opened in March 2011.[41] The West Dublin/Pleasanton station includes a hotel, restaurant, 210 apartments, and 170,000 sq ft (16,000 m2). of office space across the Interstate 580 freeway in Pleasanton, California.

There is a plan for a new high school in eastern Dublin, which is scheduled to open in 2022.[42]

Measure MEdit

In 2000, following a conflict with Mayor Guy Houston and developers of the West Dublin Hills, Morgan King and David Bewley began a ballot initiative known as Measure M. The objective of the measure was to prevent the Dublin Hills from becoming overwhelmed with housing that had been promised to voters and that the housing would not be built on preserved open space.[43][44] Measure M won in every precinct in Dublin and on the absentee ballots.[45]

EducationEdit

Dublin Unified School District operates the public schools, including seven elementary schools (Amador, Dougherty, Dublin, Frederiksen, John Green, Kolb, and Murray), two k-8 schools (Cottonwood and Fallon), one middle school (Wells), one alternative high school (Valley), and the one following comprehensive high school.

  • Dublin High School is located on Village Parkway. As of 2017, Dublin High School had 2,499 students and a faculty of 150.[46] Dublin High School's API (Academic Performance Index) in 2012 was 880 (a 12-point increase over 2010) and graduation rate in 2011 was 98% (up from 96.16% in 2010).[47] Dublin High is currently under a $120 million renewal project (which began in 2008) funded by Bond Measure 'C' and will have a capacity for 2,500 students when the renewal project is complete in 2015-16.[48] All academic classes were rebuilt by January 2011. The renewal will include a new gymnasium, courtyard, and a 500-seat Center for Performing Arts and Education, the latter of which expected to be in operation by February 2014. The principal of Dublin High School is Mrs. Maureen Byrne. Dublin High School was included in Newsweek's 2010 List of America's Top Public High Schools.[49]
  • DPIE was founded by a Dublin resident. Today, DPIE offers afterschool and summer programs for students attending local public schools. At the high school level, DPIE offers a 6-week course for high-school students, located at Dublin High.

Dublin is also home to the following private schools:

TransportationEdit

Dublin is situated at the intersection of Interstate 580 and Interstate 680. It is served by BART with two rail stations, Dublin/Pleasanton and West Dublin/Pleasanton, and local bus service is provided by WHEELS.

Camp ParksEdit

The Parks Reserve Forces Training Area (PRFTA), historically known as Camp Parks, is located in Dublin.

A sub-installation of Fort Hunter Liggett, Camp Parks is the only training facility within a short drive for the 11,000-plus reservists in the San Francisco Bay Area. Firing ranges and a wide variety of training facilities are available. The post is home to state-of-the-art facilities: the Regional Training Site-Intelligence, Regional Training Site-Medical and the 91st DIV Battle Projection Center. Growth is on the horizon as new facilities have been built and more are programmed for construction in the near future. [51]

Law enforcementEdit

There are full-time 911 emergency services. Police services are contracted to and provided by the Alameda County Sheriff's Office. Fire services and emergency medical services are provided by the city.[52]

The California Highway Patrol (CHP) Dublin Office is located off of Gleason Drive. The CHP provides safety, service, and security to the public on freeways/unincorporated highways and on state property.

County JailEdit

Dublin is the site of Santa Rita Jail, the principal jail for Alameda County. The third largest jail in California and the fifth largest in the United States, Santa Rita Jail is considered a "mega-jail", specified to hold 4,000 prisoners at any one time, making it as large as, or larger than, many of California's state prisons. It was completed at a cost of $172 million in 1983.[53]

Federal prisonEdit

Dublin also hosts the Federal Correctional Institution, Dublin, one of only three federal prisons for women in the United States. Designed to house 250 inmates, FCI Dublin currently houses 1,077 as at April 11, 2013.[54] As many as three women are held in spaces built for one.

Saint Patrick's Day CelebrationEdit

The annual Saint Patrick's Day celebration includes a 5K Fun Run and Walk, a pancake breakfast, a two-day festival, and a parade. The parade is popular with residents and visitors from outside Dublin alike and has been growing in popularity each year. It is sponsored by the Dublin Host Lions Club and features bands and colorful floats. The Dublin firefighters sponsor the pancake breakfast, and tours of the firehouse are popular with children. The festival continues all weekend and features food, games, kiddie rides, arts & crafts, and information about local organizations. The festival had been held near the end of the parade route in Shamrock Village on Amador Valley Blvd. but was relocated to the Civic Center on Dublin Blvd., in 2007, moving it closer to the growing population in the eastern part of Dublin.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin CitiesEdit

Dublin has twin city relations with the following cities:

IrelandEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  2. ^ "Mayor/City Council". Dublin, CA. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
  3. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  4. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  5. ^ "California's 15th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  6. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  7. ^ "Dublin". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  8. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Capace, Nancy (1999). Encyclopedia of California. Somerset Publishers, Incorporated. p. 230. ISBN 9780403093182.
  10. ^ "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties, and the State — January 1, 2017 and 2018". www.dof.ca.gov. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  11. ^ Mills, David (May 2, 2013). "Dublin Is The Second Fastest Growing City In California". Dublin Patch. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  12. ^ Veklerov, Kimberly (May 23, 2019). "Dublin is once again California's fastest-growing city - SFChronicle.com". www.sfchronicle.com. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  13. ^ Medley Health
  14. ^ http://time.com/money/collection/2018-best-places-to-live/5361445/dublin-california/
  15. ^ http://www.ci.dublin.ca.us/71/Mayor-City-Council
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Dublin city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  18. ^ "Dublin is once again California's fastest-growing city - SFChronicle.com". www.sfchronicle.com. May 27, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  19. ^ "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census".
  20. ^ The City of Dublin, California - Demographic Information Archived September 9, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/ror/ror-odd-year-2019/politicalsub.pdf
  22. ^ City of Dublin CAFR[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 626. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  24. ^ "Kari Byron – Host of Head Rush, Mythbusters – speaks with OneDublin.org". OneDublin.org. September 15, 2010.
  25. ^ "MythBusters Stars Visit Home Damaged by 30-pound Misfired Cannonball". Dublin Patch. December 7, 2011.
  26. ^ "Nice shot, boys: Mythbusters crew shoots a cannonball through a HOUSE and a van as stunt goes terribly wrong". London: Mail Online (UK). December 7, 2011.
  27. ^ "Mythbusters bust house with a cannonball". Toronto: Globe and Mail (Canada). December 7, 2011.
  28. ^ "Mythbusters cannonball stunt goes down like lead balloon". The Australian. December 9, 2011.
  29. ^ "MythBusters hosts visit Dublin High". ABC 7 / KGO-TV. 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
  30. ^ "'MythBusters' TV stars talk science at Dublin High School". MercuryNews.com. 2012.
  31. ^ "Stars Of TV Show 'MythBusters' Visit Dublin High". Patch.com. 2012.
  32. ^ Bulwa, Demian; Lee, Henry K. (January 6, 2012). "'Mythbusters' cannonball hits Dublin home, minivan". San Francisco Chronicle.
  33. ^ "Dougherty Hills Dog Park". Dublin. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  34. ^ "Bray Commons". Dublin. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  35. ^ "Fallon Sports Park". Dublin. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  36. ^ $1 billion East Bay housing project opens first homes, 800 planned
  37. ^ Dublin City General Plan Report
  38. ^ "Shopping | Dublin, CA - Official Website". September 14, 2016. Archived from the original on September 14, 2016. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  39. ^ "Hacienda Crossings Shopping Center - Shops,Services,Restaurants". www.hacienda-crossings.com. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  40. ^ "Persimmon Place, Dublin, CA 94568 – Retail Space | Regency Centers". www.regencycenters.com. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
  41. ^ BART - Projects, West Dublin/Plesanton Archived July 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  42. ^ "Future High School Updates / Future High School Updates". http. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  43. ^ https://ballotpedia.org/City_of_Dublin_Annexation_of_Doolan_Canyon,_Measure_T_(November_2014)
  44. ^ http://www.mercurynews.com/2014/01/31/dublin-ballot-measure-would-create-growth-restrictions-on-east-side/
  45. ^ City Council Minutes March 19, 2001
  46. ^ "Search for Public Schools - School Detail for Dublin High". nces.ed.gov. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  47. ^ "Dublin High School 2011 API, STAR and CHASEE Results". August 31, 2011.
  48. ^ Dublin High School $120M Renewal Project
  49. ^ Dublin High School Included in Newsweek's 2010 List of America's Top Public High Schools
  50. ^ "The Quarry Lane School Offers Tri-Valley's First International Baccalaureate (IB) Program". Dublin Patch. September 30, 2010. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011.
  51. ^ Camp Parks Reserve Forces Training Area (PRFTA)
  52. ^ "Police Services | Dublin, CA - Official Website". www.ci.dublin.ca.us. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  53. ^ "Santa Rita Jail", Alameda County Sheriff's Office
  54. ^ "Weekly Population Report", Federal Bureau of Prisons
  55. ^ "Dublin's Peelle Excited by Opportunity to Play for 49ers". DublinPatch.com.
  56. ^ "Dublin High School Alumni Eric Swalwell Defeats 40-Year Congressman Pete Stark". OneDublin.org.
  57. ^ "Dublin High School Attends Royals Spring Training, Hosted by Yost (photos 3 and 4)". The Kansas City Star.
  58. ^ "Twinned with Dublin". bray.ie. Retrieved April 13, 2017.

External linksEdit