|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|Administrative center |
|• Raion President||Andrei Marian (PLDM), since 2011|
|• Total||1,000 km2 (400 sq mi)|
|• Density||74/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+373 52|
The oldest historical attestations about the settlements in the district from the period 1443-1470 when the mentioned villages Cotova, Hasnasenii Mari, Mindic. In the next century of growth followed both economic, cultural and demographic explosion, shown by the fact that 11 villages in the district had 3,000 inhabitants. After the Treaty of Bucharest in 1812, Bessarabia as Drochia district are occupied by the Russian Empire at this time there is a massive colonization by Ukrainians and Russians. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with the motherland Romania. And in 1940, Bessarabia is again occupied by the USSR on the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty. After the 2004 census the population was 94.500 inhabitants of the district.
Drochia district is located in the north of Moldova, has Donduseni District neighborhood in north, east Florești and Soroca district, south Singerei District and Riscani District in the southwest. In the northern district they learn remains of Plateau Moldova, while most of the district is located in Balti Steppe. The relief is poorly fractured, weak erogenous processes. Chernozems occupy about 80% of the district.
District climate is temperate, with shades continental. Average annual temperature is c. 9-10.5, average temperature in July is 21 C, while in January -5 C. Annual precipitation varies from 600–650 mm years reaching rainy, while 300–350 mm in dry years. Average wind speed is 3–6 m \ s.
Fauna is characterized by the presence of such mammals such as fox, ferret, wild boar, deer, fallow deer, rabbit, weasel, and hedgehog; and in water bodies: muskrat and otter. For birds, there are: stork, crow, partridge, swallow, egret and swan. In the past the Balti steppe was populated by bustards. Now they have disappeared or are in a tiny number. The emblem of Drochia District is a bustard, from which comes the name of the district.
Forests occupy 8.1% of the district's area and are characterized by: hornbeam, oak, beech, lime, chestnut, ash and others. Plants, mainly steppe features are: fescue, clover, wormwood, burdock, knotweed and others.
Drochia district is located in the Raut river basin (the largest tributary of the Nistru River), which has a length of 286 km, crossing tributaries of the district are along Raut, Cubolta (101 km) and Cainari (86 km). Most lakes in the district have artificial origin.
There are a total of 40 localities: 1 city, and 27 communes (containing further 12 villages within):
- Births (2010): 904 (10.0 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 1311 (14.5 per 1000)
- Growth Rate (2010): -407 (-4.5 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||% of total|
As of 2009, 13,767 businesses were registered in the district. 11,168 these were private farms, 1,585 individual businesses, 492 limited liability companies, 28 joint stock companies, 13 state-owned enterprises, 257 "public ventures", and 224 other types.
At of 2009, there were 41 kindergartens in the district, with 3,827 kids. There were 12 lyceums (grades 1-12), 9 secondary schools (grades 1-11), 15 gymnasiums (grades 1-9), 3 primary schools (grades 1-4), a boarding school for students with disabilities, and an auxiliary school.
Located in the so-called North Red electoral region (the region where PCRM obtained favorable results over 50% of votes), district in 2001-2009 was mainly communist district. But after the 2010 elections the communists lose to the AEI.
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 68.0%
|2010||48.58% 19,623||44.57% 15,043|
|July 2009||46.20% 18,047||49.69% 19,406|
|April 2009||30.36% 11,678||56.91% 21,895|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||18,003||44.57||−5.12|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||11,400||28.22||+12.0|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||5,583||13,82||-2.46|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||940||2.33||−2.80|
|Humanist Party of Moldova||489||1.21||+1.21|
|Total (turnout 59.01%)||40,697||100.00||
- Ion Buga - Politician, Member of the Moldovan Parliament 1990-1994, party founder Romanian National Party
- Ion Costaș - Minister of Internal Affairs of Moldova in 1990-1992
- Nicolae Filip - Specialist in physics, geometry ultrashort radio wave propagation, and honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.
- Nicolae Testemițanu - Scientist, surgeon, hygienist and politician