Dookie is the third studio album by American rock band Green Day, released on February 1, 1994 by Reprise Records. The band's first collaboration with producer Rob Cavallo, it was recorded in late 1993 at Fantasy Studios in Berkeley, California. Written mostly by frontman Billie Joe Armstrong, the album is mostly based around his personal experiences, with themes such as boredom, anxiety, relationships, and sexuality. The album was promoted with five singles: "Longview", "Basket Case", a re-recorded version of "Welcome to Paradise", "When I Come Around", and the radio-only "She".
|Studio album by|
|Released||February 1, 1994|
|Studio||Fantasy Studios, Berkeley, California|
|Green Day chronology|
|Singles from Dookie|
Dookie received critical acclaim upon its release, and won the band a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Album in 1995. It was also a worldwide success, reaching number two in the United States and the top five in several other countries; it is credited with bringing punk rock to mainstream popularity, and propelling Green Day to worldwide fame. It was later certified diamond by the RIAA, and has sold over 20 million copies worldwide as of 2014, making it the band's best-selling album. In 2003, Rolling Stone placed Dookie at number 193 on their list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".
Background and recordingEdit
Following the underground success of the band's second studio album Kerplunk (1992), a number of major record labels became interested in Green Day. Representatives of these labels attempted to entice the band to sign by inviting them for meals to discuss a deal, with one manager even inviting the group to Disneyland. The band declined these advances until meeting producer and Reprise representative Rob Cavallo. They were impressed by his work with fellow Californian band The Muffs, and later remarked that Cavallo "was the only person we could really talk to and connect with".
Eventually, the band left their independent record label, Lookout! Records, on friendly terms and signed to Reprise. Signing to a major label caused many of the band's original fans from the independent music club 924 Gilman Street to regard Green Day as sell-outs. The club has banned Green Day from entering since the major label signing. Reflecting back on the period, lead vocalist Billie Joe Armstrong told Spin magazine in 1999, "I couldn't go back to the punk scene, whether we were the biggest success in the world or the biggest failure [...] The only thing I could do was get on my bike and go forward."
Cavallo was chosen as the main producer of the album, with Jerry Finn as the mixer. Green Day originally gave the first demo tape to Cavallo, and after listening to it during the car ride home he sensed that "[he] had stumbled on something big." The band's recording session lasted three weeks and the album was mixed twice. Armstrong claimed that the band wanted to create a dry sound, "similar to the Sex Pistols' album or first Black Sabbath albums." The band felt the original mix to be unsatisfactory. Cavallo agreed, and it was remixed at Fantasy Studios in Berkeley, California. Armstrong later said of their studio experience, "Everything was already written, all we had to do was play it."
Writing and compositionEdit
Much of the album's content was written by Armstrong, except "Emenius Sleepus" written by bassist Mike Dirnt, and the hidden track, "All by Myself", which was composed and written by drummer Tré Cool. The album touched upon various experiences of the band members and included subjects like anxiety and panic attacks, masturbation, sexual orientation, boredom, mass murder, divorce, and ex-girlfriends.
Armstrong wrote the song "Having a Blast" when he was in Cleveland in 1992. The single "Longview" had a signature bass line that bassist Dirnt wrote while under the influence of LSD. "Welcome to Paradise", the second single from Dookie, was originally on the band's second studio album, Kerplunk. The song was re-recorded with a less grainy sound for Dookie. The song never had an official music video; however, a certain live performance of the song is often associated as a music video. The video is located on Green Day's official website.
The hit single "Basket Case", which appeared on many singles charts worldwide, was also inspired by Armstrong's personal experiences. The song deals with Armstrong's anxiety attacks and feelings of "going crazy" prior to being diagnosed with a panic disorder. In the third verse, "Basket Case" references soliciting a male prostitute; Armstrong noted that "I wanted to challenge myself and whoever the listener might be. It's also looking at the world and saying, 'It's not as black and white as you think. This isn't your grandfather's prostitute – or maybe it was.'" The music video was filmed in an abandoned mental institution. It is one of the band's most popular songs.
The radio-only single, "She", was written by Armstrong about a former girlfriend who showed him a feminist poem with an identical title. In return, Armstrong wrote the lyrics of "She" and showed them to her. She later moved to Ecuador, prompting Armstrong to put "She" on the album. The same ex-girlfriend is also the topic of the songs "Sassafras Roots" and "Chump".
The final single, "When I Come Around", was again inspired by a woman, though this time being about Armstrong's wife, then former girlfriend, Adrienne. Following a dispute between the couple, Armstrong left Adrienne to spend some time alone. The video featured the three band members walking around Berkeley and San Francisco at night, eventually ending up back at the original location. Future member of Green Day, Jason White, made a cameo in the video with his then-girlfriend. The song was the band's first top ten single at number 6 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart and stayed number 1 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart for 7 weeks (2 weeks longer than "Basket Case"). It also hit number 2 on both the Mainstream Rock Tracks and the Mainstream Top 40 charts. The song "Coming Clean" deals with Armstrong's coming to terms with his bisexuality when he was 16 and 17 years old. In his interview with The Advocate magazine, he stated that although he has never had a relationship with a man, his sexuality has been "something that comes up as a struggle in me". Armstrong wrote the song "In the End" about his mother and her husband. He is quoted saying: "That song is about my mother's husband, it's not really about a girl, or like anyone directly related to me in a relationship. In the End's about my mother."
The name of the album is a reference to the band members often suffering from diarrhea, which they referred to as "liquid dookie", as a result of eating spoiled food while on tour. Initially the band was to name the album Liquid Dookie; however, this was deemed "too gross", and so they settled on the name Dookie.
The album artwork by fellow East Bay punk Richie Bucher caused controversy, since it depicted bombs being dropped on people and buildings. The setting is a replica of Berkeley's Telegraph Avenue. In the center, there is an explosion, with the band's name at the top. Armstrong has since explained the meaning of the artwork:
I wanted the art work to look really different. I wanted it to represent the East Bay and where we come from, because there's a lot of artists in the East Bay scene that are just as important as the music. So we talked to Richie Bucher. He did a 7-inch cover for this band called Raooul that I really liked. He's also been playing in bands in the East Bay for years. There's pieces of us buried on the album cover. There's one guy with his camera up in the air taking a picture with a beard. He took pictures of bands every weekend at Gilman's. The robed character that looks like the Mona Lisa is the woman on the cover of the first Black Sabbath album. AC/DC guitarist Angus Young is in there somewhere too. The graffiti reading "Twisted Dog Sisters" refers to these two girls from Berkeley. I think the guy saying "The fritter, fat boy" was a reference to a local cop.
The back cover on early prints of the CD featured a plush toy of Ernie from Sesame Street, which was airbrushed out of later prints for fear of litigation; however, Canadian and European prints still feature Ernie on the back cover. Some rumors suggest that it was removed because it led parents to think that Dookie was a child's lullaby album or that the creators of Sesame Street had sued Green Day.
Dookie was released on February 1, 1994. Upon its release, the album charted in seven countries. It peaked at number two on the Billboard 200 in the United States, and was a success in several other countries, peaking as high as number one in New Zealand; the lowest peak in any country was in the United Kingdom at number 13. While all the singles from the album charted in a few countries, the hit single "Basket Case" entered the top 10 in the United Kingdom and Sweden. Later in 1995, the album received a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album, with "Longview" and "Basket Case" each being nominated for a Grammy. The album only sold 9,000 copies in its first week as the album didn't gain commercial success until the summer of 1994.
Throughout the 1990s, Dookie continued to sell well, eventually receiving diamond certification in 1999; by 2013, Dookie had sold over 20 million copies worldwide and remains the band's best-selling album.
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
|Spin Alternative Record Guide||8/10|
|The Village Voice||A−|
Dookie was released to critical acclaim. Bill Lamb at About.com regards it as an album that only gets better with time, calling it "one of the landmark albums of the 1990s". Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic described Dookie as "a stellar piece of modern punk that many tried to emulate but nobody bettered". In 1994, Time claimed Dookie as the third best album of the year, and the best rock album of 1994. Jon Pareles from The New York Times, in early 1995, described the sound of Dookie as, "Punk turns into pop in fast, funny, catchy, high-powered songs about whining and channel-surfing; apathy has rarely sounded so passionate." Rolling Stone's Paul Evans described Green Day as "convincing mainly because they've got punk's snotty anti-values down cold: blame, self-pity, arrogant self-hatred, humor, narcissism, fun".
Neil Strauss of The New York Times, while complimentary on the album's overall quality, noted that Dookie's pop sound only remotely resembled punk music. The band did not respond initially to these comments, but later claimed that they were "just trying to be themselves" and that "it's our band, we can do whatever we want". Dirnt claimed that the follow-up album, Insomniac, one of the band's hardest albums lyrically and musically, was the band releasing their anger at all the criticism from critics and former fans.
Along with The Offspring's Smash, Dookie has been credited for helping bring punk rock back into mainstream music culture. Thomas Nassiff at Fuse cited it as the most important pop punk album.
In April 2014, Rolling Stone placed the album at No. 1 on its "1994: The 40 Best Records From Mainstream Alternative's Greatest Year" list. A month later, Loudwire placed Dookie at No. 1 on its "10 Best Hard Rock Albums of 1994" list. Guitar World ranked Dookie at number thirteen in their list "Superunknown: 50 Iconic Albums That Defined 1994".
Since its release, Dookie has been featured heavily in various "must have" lists compiled by the music media. Some of the more prominent of these lists to feature Dookie are shown below; this information is adapted from Acclaimed Music.
|Kerrang!||United Kingdom||The Kerrang! 100 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||1998||33|
|Classic Rock & Metal Hammer||United Kingdom||The 200 Greatest Albums of the 90s||2006||N/A|
|Robert Dimery||United States||1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die||2005||N/A|
|Rolling Stone||United States||The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time||2012||193|
|Rolling Stone||United States||Best Albums of 1994 (Readers Choice)||1994||1|
|Rolling Stone||United States||1994: The 40 Best Records From Mainstream Alternative's Greatest Year||2014||1|
|Loudwire||United States||10 Best Hard Rock Albums of 1994||2014||1|
|Rolling Stone||United States||100 Best Albums of the Nineties||2010||30|
|Spin||United States||100 Greatest Albums, 1985–2005||2005||44|
|Rock and Roll Hall of Fame||United States||The Definitive 200||2005||50|
|Kerrang!||United Kingdom||51 Greatest Pop Punk Albums Ever||2015||2|
Immediately following the release of Dookie, the band embarked on an international tour, beginning in the United States, for which they used a bookmobile belonging to Tré Cool's father to travel between shows. An audience of millions saw Green Day's performance at Woodstock '94 on Pay-per-view, helping the band attract more fans. This event was the location of the infamous mud "fight" between the band and the crowd, which continued beyond the end of Green Day's set. During the fight, Dirnt was mistaken for a fan by a security guard, who tackled him and then threw him against a monitor, causing him to injure his arm and break two of his teeth.
The band also appeared at Lollapalooza and the Z100 Acoustic Christmas at Madison Square Garden, where Armstrong performed the song "She" naked. Having toured throughout the United States and Canada, the band played a few shows in Europe before beginning the recording sessions for the subsequent album, Insomniac. During the tour, Armstrong was quite homesick. His wife, Adrienne Armstrong, whom he had married shortly after the release of Dookie, was pregnant during most of the tour, and Armstrong was upset about being unable to help and care for her.
|2.||"Having a Blast"||2:44|
|5.||"Welcome to Paradise" (new recording)||3:44|
|10.||"When I Come Around"||2:58|
|12.||"Emenius Sleepus" (lyrics: Mike Dirnt)||1:43|
|13.||"In the End"||1:46|
|14.||"F.O.D." (song ends at 2:50, followed by hidden track "All by Myself" written and performed by Tré Cool, which starts at 4:07)||5:46|
|15.||"All by Myself" (written and performed by Tré Cool)||1:40|
- Billie Joe Armstrong – lead vocals, guitar
- Mike Dirnt – bass, backing vocals
- Tré Cool – drums, guitar and lead vocals on "All by Myself"
Charts and certificationsEdit
|Year||Song||Peak chart positions|
|1994||"Welcome to Paradise"||7||—||20||—||—||21||—|
|1995||"When I Come Around"||1||2||27||3||28||4||—|
- Day: A Musical Biography. ABC-CLIO. 2010. p. 58. ISBN 0313365970.
- Ultimate Albums: Green Day's "Dookie". VH1. 1994.
- "Green Day". Behind the Music. 2001. VH1.
- "Green Day Biography". Billboard. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "What Happened Next..." Guitar Legends. Archived from the original on 2006-09-27. Retrieved 2006-09-26.
- Smith, RJ (August 1999). "Top 90 Albums of the 90's". SPIN.
- "Billie Joe Armstrong Interview on VH1". VH1. Archived from the original on 2002-08-09. Retrieved 2007-07-16.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- @billiejoe (9 February 2011). "I wrote "having a blast" in cleveland..." (Tweet). Retrieved 2011-02-12 – via Twitter.
- Mundy, Chris (January 26, 1995). "Green Day: Best New Band". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- "Green Day Music Videos". Green Day. Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
- "Green Day single chart history". Billboard. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "UK album chart archives". everyhit.com. Archived from the original on 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Fricke, David (February 3, 2014). "'Dookie' at 20: Billie Joe Armstrong on Green Day's Punk Blockbuster". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- Richard Buskin. "Green Day: 'Basket Case'". Soundonsound.com. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "Interview with The Advocate magazine". The Advocate. Archived from the original on 2005-03-09. Retrieved 2007-07-27.
- "Song Meanings". Green Day Authority. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Cizmar, Martin (February 18, 2014). "Where's Angus?". Willamette Week. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
- "Dookie". Ultimate Albums. Episode 2. March 17, 2002. VH1.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Dookie – Green Day". AllMusic. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "New Zealand album chart archives". charts.org.nz. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Gaar, Gillian (2009-10-28). "Green Day: Rebels With a Cause".
- "Diamond Certified Albums". RIAA. Archived from the original on 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Green Day 'Dookie' Set: Billie Joe Armstrong & Rockers Perform 1994 Album In Entirety For London Show [WATCH] : Music News". Mstarz. 2013-08-23. Archived from the original on 2015-10-17. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Raub, Jesse (June 22, 2010). "Green Day – Dookie". Alternative Press. Archived from the original on August 29, 2010. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Payne, Chris (February 1, 2014). "Green Day's 'Dookie' at 20: Classic Track-By-Track Review". Billboard. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- DeRogatis, Jim (February 20, 1994). "Green Day, 'Dookie' (Warner Bros.)". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 18, 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Kot, Greg (March 4, 1994). "Green Day: Dookie (Reprise)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
- Barker, Emily (January 29, 2014). "25 Seminal Albums From 1994 – And What NME Said At The Time". NME. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Hogan, Marc (May 7, 2017). "Green Day: Dookie". Pitchfork. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Catucci, Nick (2004). "Green Day". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 347–48. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
- Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide. Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8.
- Christgau, Robert (October 18, 1994). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Lamb, Bill (July 17, 2013). "Green Day – Dookie". Top40.about.com. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "The Best Music of 1994". Time. 1994-12-26. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- Pareles, Jon (1995-01-05). "The Pop Life". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- "Green Day". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 17, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- Strauss, Neil (1995-02-05). "POP VIEW; Has Success Spoiled Green Day?". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- Joe D'angelo (2004-09-15). "How Green Day's Dookie Fertilized A Punk-Rock Revival". MTV.com. Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- Melissa Bobbitt (2014-04-08). "The Offspring's 'Smash' Turns 20". About.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-12. Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- Zac Crain (1997-10-23). "Green Day Family Values – Page 1 – Music – Miami". Miami New Times. Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Green Day's 'Dookie' Turns 20: Musicians Revisit the Punk Classic – Features – Fuse". Fuse. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- "1994– The 40 Best Records From Mainstream Alternative's Greatest Year – Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. April 17, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
- "10 Best Hard Rock Albums of 1994". Loudwire. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
- "Superunknown: 50 Iconic Albums That Defined 1994". GuitarWorld.com. July 14, 2014. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "List of Dookie Accolades". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-07-17.
- "Kerrang! – The Kerrang! 100 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die". AcclaimedMusic.net. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Acclaimed Music – Classic Rock and Metal Hammer 200 List". AcclaimedMusic.net. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- Dimery, Robert – 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die; page 855
- "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 2003-12-10. Retrieved 2007-07-16.(subscription required)
- "Rocklist.net....Rolling Stone (USA) End of Year Lists". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2011-06-28.
- "100 Best Albums of the Nineties: Green Day, 'Dookie'". Rolling Stone. 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2011-08-03.
- "Spin Magazine – 100 Greatest Albums, 1985–2005". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "The Definitive 200". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "51 Greatest Pop Punk Albums Ever". Kerrang! (1586): 18–25. September 16, 2015.
- VH1's VH1 40 Freakiest Concert Moments: #40 Mudstock – 2006
- "Wood Stock 1994 Mudfight description". Chiff. Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "When I Come Around Facts". Song Facts. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Green Day Tour Notes". Geek Stink Breath. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Green Day play 'Dookie' during Reading Festival 2013 headline show | News". Nme.Com. 2013-08-23. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- "Green Day – Dookie (Vinyl, LP, Album) at Discogs". Discogs. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "Release "Dookie" by Green Day – MusicBrainz". MusicBrainz. Archived from the original on 2015-09-17. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "Green Day: 'Basket Case' –". Archived from the original on 2016-11-08.
- "Discography Green Day". australian-charts.com. Archived from the original on 2009-06-16. Retrieved 2009-10-04.
- "Green Day - Dookie". austriancharts.at.
- "Top Albums/CDs – Volume 60, No. 25, January 23, 1995". RPM. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
- "Green Day - Dookie (Album)". finnishcharts.com.
- "Green Day - Dookie (Album)". italiancharts.com.
- "Green Day - Dookie". charts.org.nz.
- "Hits of the World – Spain". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 13 May 1995. p. 60. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- "Swedish album chart archives". hitparad.se. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "GREEN DAY – Artist – Official Charts". Official Charts Company.
- "Green Day – Chart history – Billboard". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
- "Year End Sales Charts – European Top 100 Albums 1995" (PDF). Music & Media. December 23, 1995. p. 14. Retrieved July 29, 2018.
- "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Geoff Mayfield (December 25, 1999). 1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade – The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s. Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". 6 July 2011. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2011 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 2014-09-29. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2010-08-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Gold Platinum Database: Green Day – Dookie". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
- "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards". 24 December 2013. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2014-07-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Musiikkituottajat – Tilastot – Kulta- ja platinalevyt". IFPI.fi. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- "Les Certifications -Green Day". snepmusique.com. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
- "The Irish Charts – All there is to know". 4 June 2009. Archived from the original on 4 June 2009.
- Italian Album Certifications Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- "Bestseller charts and awards :: Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry". Archived from the original on 2013-06-03. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
- "Pełny Tekst Regulaminu Przyznawania Wyróżnień". Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
- "Gold & Platinum 1987 – 1998 (In Swedish, Page 16)" (PDF). ifpi.se. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-21. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- "Gold & Platinum (In Swedish)". ifpi.se. Archived from the original on 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- "BPI Awards Search". bpi.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- Copsey, Rob (October 6, 2016). "Green Day's biggest singles – the ultimate punk-rock playlist". Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "Gold and Platinum". RIAA. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
- "Green Day Album & Song Chart History – Alternative Songs". Billboard. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Green Day – Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Top Singles – Volume 60, No. 17, November 14, 1994". RPM. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Top Singles – Volume 61, No. 3, February 20, 1995". RPM. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- "Green Day French single chart history". Retrieved 2007-07-16.