District-level town (Vietnam)

District-level town (Vietnamese: Thị xã; Chữ nôm: 市社), commonly known as town, a type of second tier subdivision of Vietnam is divided into 713 units along with urban district, district, municipal city, and provincial city have equal status.[1] Also by virtue of Decree No. 42/2009/ND-CP, town are officially classified into Class-3 or Class-4.[2]

District-level town (Vietnam) is located in Vietnam
Cần Thơ
Đà Nẵng
Hà Nội
Hải Phòng
Tp. Hồ Chí Minh
Thủ Đức
Bắc Ninh
Biên Hòa
Buôn Ma Thuột
Đà Lạt
Hạ Long
Hải Dương
Huế
Mỹ Tho
Nam Định
Nha Trang
Pleiku
Quy Nhơn
Thái Nguyên
Thanh Hóa
Thủ Dầu Một
Việt Trì
Vinh
Vũng Tàu
Bà Rịa
Bạc Liêu
Bắc Giang
Bến Tre
Cẩm Phả
Cà Mau
Cao Lãnh
Châu Đốc
Đồng Hới
Hà Tĩnh
Lạng Sơn
Lào Cai
Long Xuyên
Móng Cái
Ninh Bình
Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm
Phan Thiết
Quảng Ngãi
Rạch Giá
Sa Đéc
Sầm Sơn
Sơn La
Tam Kỳ
Tân An
Thái Bình
Trà Vinh
Tuy Hòa
Uông Bí
Vị Thanh
Vĩnh Yên
Bảo Lộc
Bắc Kạn
Cam Ranh
Cao Bằng
Chí Linh
Dĩ An
Điện Biên Phủ
Đông Hà
Đồng Xoài
Gia Nghĩa
Hà Giang
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Hội An
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Lai Châu
Long Khánh
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Phủ Lý
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Sóc Trăng
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Thuận An
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Yên Bái
Bỉm Sơn
Bến Cát
Cai Lậy
Cửa Lò
Gò Công
Hồng Ngự
La Gi
Long Mỹ
Phổ Yên
Phú Thọ
Sông Cầu
Sơn Tây
Tân Châu
Tân Uyên
Từ Sơn
An Khê
An Nhơn
Ayun Pa
Ba Đồn
Bình Long
Bình Minh
Buôn Hồ
Duy Tiên
Duyên Hải
Điện Bàn
Đông Triều
Đức Phổ
Giá Rai
Hòa Thành
Hoàng Mai
Hồng Lĩnh
Hương Thủy
Hương Trà
Kiến Tường
Kinh Môn
Kỳ Anh
Mường Lay
Mỹ Hào
Ngã Năm
Nghĩa Lộ
Ninh Hòa
Phú Mỹ
Phước Long
Quảng Trị
Quảng Yên
Sa Pa
Thái Hòa
Trảng Bàng
Vĩnh Châu
Municipalities, Cities, & Towns in Vietnam
Municipalities: red (special class), pink (class 1)
Municipal cities: green (class 1)
Provincial cities: dark blue (class 1), cyan (class 2), light blue (class 3)
Provincial towns: orange (class 3), yellow (class 4)

The towns may only be a capital of a province, but not of a municipality as the Second Tier unit. At the Third Tier, Town is divided into wards and communes.

Most provincial capitals were once towns, but now most of them have become provincial cities.

District levelEdit

In Vietnam, there are other kinds of district-level urban subdivisiona: urban districts (Vietnamese: quận), districts and provincial cities. The urban districts is within urban and only consists of wards, but provincial cities and towns can consist of the wards (within urban) and communes (within suburban). Towns are similar with provincial cities, but towns are smaller than provincial cities in population density. Moreover, municipality can includes towns (Sơn Tây (Hanoi)), even municipal cities.

The type town is categorized as urban and its residents is classified as urban population, although there may still be a part of residents living in agriculture. Main economical activities in town included industry, services and business.

Upgrade and downgradeEdit

Regularly, a commune-level town or township (Vietnamese: thị trấn) can be upgraded to a district-level town or town (Vietnamese: thị xã), and district-level towns can develop into provincial cities.

But the district-level town can also be downgraded to a district capitals, especially when there is a merger of the provinces. That are the cases of the An Lộc (provincial capital of former Bình Long Province), Sông Cầu (formerly the provincial capital of Phú Yên Province) ...

Some district-level towns were downgraded into commune-level towns for some time and then be re-established, as Nghĩa Lộ, Bắc Cạn, Đồ Sơn (from 2007, became urban district of Đồ Sơn), Phúc Yên, Hà Tiên, Vị Thanh, Gia Nghĩa.

When a district-level town is downgraded, the urban become a commune-level town, and the suburban is merged into other districts or established rural communes. Some district-level towns have become commune-level towns and not re-established, so far as: Đô Lương, Tiên Yên, Ninh Giang, Cát Bà, Vĩnh An of Đồng Nai Province.

There is a rare case: Phan Rang as district-level town is divided into two commune-level towns, Phan Rang and Tháp Chàm in 1977. Each commune-level town belonged to a county (Ninh Hải and An Sơn), and in 1981 the two commune-level towns was merged and re-established as county-level town named Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm (now as provincial city).

Kiến An, a former district-level town, located in a municipality in Hải Phòng from 1962 to 1980, later downgraded into a commune-level town and was recovered between from 1988 to 1994 and is now an urban district of Hải Phòng.

Đồ Sơn ever (after 1994) was the only district-level town within a municipality (Hải Phòng), until September 12, 2007 it became the new urban district of Hải Phòng.

Sơn Tây is a district-level town governed under Hanoi in the period 1978 to 1991, then merged into Hà Tây Province. August 2007 this district-level town was upgraded into provincial city. In 2008 Hà Tây Province was merged into Hanoi, Sơn Tây was moved back into district-level town.

List of district-level townsEdit

Name Province/Municipality Population (person) Area (km2) Year became town Class
An Khê Gia Lai 63,118 199.12 2003 4
An Nhơn Bình Định 178,817 242.64 2011 4
Ayun Pa Gia Lai 35,058 287 2007 4
Ba Đồn Quảng Bình 115,196 163.18 2013 4
Bến Cát Bình Dương 221,230 234.40 2013 3
Bỉm Sơn Thanh Hóa 56,893 66.88 1981 3
Bình Long Bình Phước 60,233 126.29 2009 4
Bình Minh Vĩnh Long 95,285 93.62 2012 4
Buôn Hồ Đắk Lắk 101,554 282.06 2008 4
Cai Lậy Tiền Giang 123,775 140.20 2008 4
Cửa Lò Nghệ An 55,000 28 1994 3
Duyên Hải Trà Vinh 56,241 177.10 2015 4
Duy Tiên Hà Nam 154,016 120.92 2019 4
Điện Bàn Quảng Nam 235,013 214.30 2015 4
Đông Triều Quảng Ninh 179,902 397.20 2015 4
Đức Phổ Quảng Ngãi 150,927 372.76 2020 4
Giá Rai Bạc Liêu 140,516 354.70 2015 4
Gò Công Tiền Giang 97,709 102 1987 3
Hòa Thành Tây Ninh 147,666 82.92 2020 4
Hoàng Mai Nghệ An 105,105 169.75 2013 4
Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh 36,805 58.55 1992 4
Hương Thủy Thừa Thiên–Huế 96,525 458.17 2010 4
Hương Trà Thừa Thiên–Huế 118,354 518.53 2011 4
Kiến Tường Long An 64,589 204.28 2013 4
Kinh Môn Hải Dương 203,638 165.33 2019 4
Kỳ Anh Hà Tĩnh 85,500 280.30 2015 4
La Gi Bình Thuận 112,558 182.82 2005 3
Long Mỹ Hậu Giang 74,694 144.00 2015 3
Mường Lay Điện Biên 14,379 114.03 1971 4
Mỹ Hào Hưng Yên 110,268 791 2019 4
Ngã Năm Sóc Trăng 84,022 242.20 2013 4
Nghĩa Lộ Yên Bái 26,000 29.66 1995 4
Ninh Hòa Khánh Hòa 233,558 1197.77 2010 4
Phổ Yên Thái Nguyên 158,619 258.90 2015 3
Phú Mỹ Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu 213,658 333.84 2018 4
Phú Thọ Phú Thọ 62,000 64.5 1903 3
Phước Long Bình Phước 50,019 118.83 2009 4
Quảng Trị Quảng Trị 22,760 44.03 1989 4
Quảng Yên Quảng Ninh 139,596 314.2 2011 4
Sa Pa Lào Cai 61,498 681.37 2019 4
Sông Cầu Phú Yên 101,521 489.28 2009 3
Sơn Tây Hà Nội 181,831 113.5 1903 3
Tân Châu An Giang 184,129 175.7 2009 4
Tân Uyên Bình Dương 190,564 192.50 2013 3
Thái Hòa Nghệ An 66,000 135 2007 4
Trảng Bàng Tây Ninh 161,831 340.14 2020 4
Từ Sơn Bắc Ninh 143,843 61.33 2008 3
Vĩnh Châu[3] Sóc Trăng 163,918 473.4 2011 4

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit