Điện Biên Province
Điện Biên (listen) is a province in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Lai Châu to the northeast, Sơn La to the southeast, Pu'er City, Yunnan, China, to the northwest, and Phongsaly Province in Laos to the west. The province covers an area of 9,541 square kilometres and as of 2019 it had a population of 598,856 people.
Điện Biên Province
Tỉnh Điện Biên
Mường Ảng district
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
|• Total||9,541  km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, H'Mông, Dao, Giáy, Thái, Hà Nhi, Lào, Cống, Si La|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-71|
The name "Điện Biên" means "stable frontier" (referring to Điện Biên's location on the border between Lan Xang and Vietnam). Điện Biên has various ancient monuments including the caves Thẩm Khương, as well as Thẩn Búa in Tuần Giáo. The original settlers were the Ai Lao or Tai people who are a direct ancestor of Lao people in Laos today. The names of some villages and towns still use words of Lao origin, such as Mường (city) and Tham (cave).
In the 9th and 10th centuries, the Lự ở Mường Thanh people were the most developed in the area and controlled Sìn Hồ, Mường Lay, and Tuần Giáo.
In the 11th and 12th centuries, Tai (not to be confused with the Thai people of Thailand) people from Mường Ôm and Mường Ai occupied Mường Lò in Nghĩa Lộ and Mường Thanh in Điện Biên. They eventually gained control of the whole area between Mường Lò and Mường Thanh (Điện Biên).
Điện Biên is subdivided into 10 district-level sub-divisions:
|Third Tier subdivisions|
|Điện Biên Phủ city||64.27||7||2|
|Mường Lay town||114.03||2||1|
|Điện Biên District||1639.85||25|
|Điện Biên Đông District||1206.39||1||13|
|Mường Ảng District||443.52||1||9|
|Mường Chà District||1199.42||1||11|
|Mường Nhé District||1573.73||11|
|Nậm Pồ District||1498.00||15|
|Tủa Chùa District||679.41||1||11|
|Tuần Giáo District||1136.29||1||18|
Places in Điện BiênEdit
- "STATISTICAL YEARBOOK 2019". General Statistics Office of Vietnam. 2020-06-30.
- General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2019). "Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 978-604-75-1532-5.
- "Điện Biên, hành trình trở về cội nguồn" (in Vietnamese).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dien Bien.|