Điện Biên Province

Điện Biên (About this soundlisten) is a province in the Northwest region of Vietnam. It is bordered by Lai Châu to the northeast, Sơn La to the southeast, Pu'er City, Yunnan, China, to the northwest, and Phongsaly Province in Laos to the west. The province covers an area of 9,541 square kilometres and as of 2019 it had a population of 598,856 people.[2]

Điện Biên Province

Tỉnh Điện Biên
Mường Ảng district
Mường Ảng district
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
Location of Điên Biên within Vietnam
Coordinates: 21°23′N 103°1′E / 21.383°N 103.017°E / 21.383; 103.017Coordinates: 21°23′N 103°1′E / 21.383°N 103.017°E / 21.383; 103.017
Country Vietnam
RegionNorthwest
CapitalĐiện Biên
Area
 • Total9,541 [1] km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total598,856
Demographics
 • EthnicitiesVietnamese, H'Mông, Dao, Giáy, Thái, Hà Nhi, Lào, Cống, Si La
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes215
ISO 3166 codeVN-71
Websitewww.dienbien.gov.vn

HistoryEdit

The name "Điện Biên" means "stable frontier" (referring to Điện Biên's location on the border between Lan Xang and Vietnam).[3] Điện Biên has various ancient monuments including the caves Thẩm Khương, as well as Thẩn Búa in Tuần Giáo. The original settlers were the Ai Lao or Tai people who are a direct ancestor of Lao people in Laos today. The names of some villages and towns still use words of Lao origin, such as Mường (city) and Tham (cave).

In the 9th and 10th centuries, the Lự ở Mường Thanh people were the most developed in the area and controlled Sìn Hồ, Mường Lay, and Tuần Giáo.

In the 11th and 12th centuries, Tai (not to be confused with the Thai people of Thailand) people from Mường Ôm and Mường Ai occupied Mường Lò in Nghĩa Lộ and Mường Thanh in Điện Biên. They eventually gained control of the whole area between Mường Lò and Mường Thanh (Điện Biên).

Administrative divisionsEdit

Điện Biên is subdivided into 10 district-level sub-divisions:

Second Tier
subdivisions
Area
(km²)
Third Tier subdivisions
Ward Township Commune
Điện Biên Phủ city 64.27 7 2
Mường Lay town 114.03 2 1
Điện Biên District 1639.85 25
Điện Biên Đông District 1206.39 1 13
Mường Ảng District 443.52 1 9
Mường Chà District 1199.42 1 11
Mường Nhé District 1573.73 11
Nậm Pồ District 1498.00 15
Tủa Chùa District 679.41 1 11
Tuần Giáo District 1136.29 1 18

They are further subdivided into five commune-level towns (or townlets), 116 rural communes, and nine wards.

Places in Điện BiênEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "STATISTICAL YEARBOOK 2019". General Statistics Office of Vietnam. 2020-06-30.
  2. ^ a b General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2019). "Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 978-604-75-1532-5.
  3. ^ "Điện Biên, hành trình trở về cội nguồn" (in Vietnamese).

External linksEdit