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An Giang province
Tỉnh An Giang
|Capital of Province||Long Xuyên City|
|• People's Council Chair||Lê Văn Nưng|
|• People's Committee Chair||Nguyễn Thanh Bình|
|• Total||3,536.83 km2 (1,365.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Khmer, Hoa, Chăm|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-44|
An Giang occupies a position in the upper reaches of the Mekong Delta. The Hậu Giang and Tiền Giang branches of the Mekong River are the dominant geographical features of the province. With the exception of the west, most of An Giang is fairly flat and is criss-crossed by many canals and small rivers. This terrain has led to An Giang being a significant agricultural center, producing significant quantities of rice.
The Cấm Mountains, also known as the Thất Sơn range or the "Seven Mountains", are located in the western Tịnh Biên District. Followers of the Bửu Sơn Kỳ Hương tradition, founded in An Giang in 1849, refer to these mountains as Bửu Sơn, "Precious Mountains".
An Giang is subdivided into 11 district-level sub-divisions:
- An Phú: 2 towns and 12 rural communes
- Châu Phú: 1 town and 12 rural communes
- Châu Thành: 1 town and 12 rural communes
- Chợ Mới: 2 towns and 16 rural communes
- Phú Tân: 2 towns and 16 rural communes
- Thoại Sơn: 3 towns and 14 rural communes
- Tịnh Biên: 3 towns and 11 rural communes
- Tri Tôn: 2 towns and 13 rural communes
- District-level town:
- Tân Châu: 5 wards and 9 rural communes
- Provincial cities:
- Châu Đốc: 5 wards and 2 rural communes
- Long Xuyên: 11 wards and 2 rural communes (capital of province)
- They are further subdivided into 16 commune-level towns (or townlets), 119 communes, and 21 wards (156 in total).
An Giang first became a province in 1832, having been settled by the Vietnamese migrants moving southwards in search of new land. It is believed that An Giang was once an important center of the 1st millennium Óc Eo culture, presumably owing to its position on the river. Traditionally, An Giang has been known for its silk industry.
An Giang is home to a substantial number of people from Vietnam's ethnic minorities. Due to the province's proximity to Cambodia, the Khmer Krom are the largest non-Vietnamese group. Other groups, such as the Chams and ethnic Chinese (Hoa), are also found in An Giang.
- Tôn Đức Thắng, prominent Communist and former President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam; later became the first President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Long Xuyên).
- Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, vice-president of the Republic of Vietnam before April 30, 1975 (Long Xuyên).
- Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum, Khmer Krom and Prime Minister of Cambodia in 1962.
- Vương Trung Hiếu, writer (Thoại Sơn).
- Trịnh Bửu Hoài, writer (Châu Đốc).
- Hoàng Hiệp, musician (Chợ Mới).
- Đoàn Minh Huyên, founder of the Bửu Sơn Kỳ Hương tradition.
- Vũ Cát Tường, the singer of Vietnam.