Dirty Dancing is a 1987 American romantic drama dance film written by Eleanor Bergstein, produced by Linda Gottlieb, and directed by Emile Ardolino. Starring Patrick Swayze and Jennifer Grey, it tells the story of Frances "Baby" Houseman, a young woman who falls in love with dance instructor Johnny Castle (Swayze) at a vacation resort.
|Directed by||Emile Ardolino|
|Written by||Eleanor Bergstein|
|Produced by||Linda Gottlieb|
|Edited by||Peter C. Frank|
Great American Films Limited Partnership
|Distributed by||Vestron Pictures|
|Box office||$214.6 million|
The film was based on screenwriter Bergstein's own childhood. She originally wrote a screenplay for the Michael Douglas film It's My Turn, but ultimately ended up conceiving a story for a film which became Dirty Dancing. She finished the script in 1985, but management changes at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer put the film in development hell. The production company was changed to Vestron Pictures with Emile Ardolino as director and Linda Gottlieb as producer. Filming took place in Lake Lure, North Carolina, and Mountain Lake, Virginia, with the film's score composed by John Morris and dance choreography by Kenny Ortega.
Dirty Dancing premiered at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival on May 12, 1987, and was released on August 21, 1987, in the United States, earning over $214 million worldwide, and was the first film to sell more than a million copies for home video. It earned positive reviews from critics, who particularly praised the performances of Grey and Swayze, and its soundtrack, created by Jimmy Ienner, generated two multi-platinum albums and multiple singles. "(I've Had) The Time of My Life", performed by Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes, won the Academy Award for Best Original Song, the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song, and the Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals.
The film's popularity led to a 2004 prequel, Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights, and a stage version which has had sellout performances in Australia, Europe, and North America. A made-for-TV remake was also released in 2017.
In the summer of 1963, Frances "Baby" Houseman is vacationing with her parents, Dr. Jack and Marjorie Houseman, and her older sister Lisa at Kellerman's, an upscale Catskills resort in the Borscht Belt owned by Jack's sarcastic best friend Max. Exploring one night, Baby secretly observes Max instructing the waiters, all Ivy League students, to romance the guests' daughters, no matter how unattractive. Max also demeans the working class entertainment staff, including Johnny Castle, one of the dance instructors. Baby is attracted to Johnny and dances briefly with him after his kindhearted cousin, Billy, introduces them at a secret "dirty dancing" party for resort staff. Max's grandson Neil flirts with Baby in the meantime.
Baby learns Johnny's dance partner Penny is pregnant by Robbie, a waiter and womanizer who attends Yale School of Medicine and now has his eye on Lisa. When Robbie refuses to help Penny, Baby, without explaining why, borrows money from her father to pay for Penny's abortion. At first, Penny declines as it would cause her and Johnny to miss a performance at a nearby resort, costing them the season's salary, but Baby volunteers to stand in for Penny. During her dance sessions with Johnny, they develop a mutual attraction, and despite their failure to execute a climactic lift, Johnny and Baby's performance is successful.
Back at Kellerman's, Penny is gravely injured by the botched abortion, and Baby enlists her father's help to stabilize Penny. Angered by Baby's deception, and assuming Johnny got Penny pregnant, Dr. Houseman orders Baby to stay away from them. Baby sneaks off to apologize to Johnny for her dad's treatment, but Johnny feels he deserves it due to his lower status; Baby reassures him of his worth, declaring her love. They begin secretly seeing each other, and her father refuses to talk to her.
Johnny rejects an indecent proposal by Vivian Pressman, an adulterous wife, who instead sleeps with Robbie, inadvertently foiling Lisa's plan to lose her virginity to him. When Vivian spots Baby leaving Johnny's cabin, she feels spurned and attempts revenge on Johnny by claiming he stole her husband's wallet. Max is ready to fire Johnny, but Baby backs up his alibi, revealing she was with Johnny the night of the theft. The real thieves, Sydney and Sylvia Schumacher, are caught, but Johnny is still fired for mixing with Baby. Before leaving, Johnny tries to talk to Dr. Houseman but is accused of only trying to get at Baby. Baby later apologizes to her father for lying, but not for her romance with Johnny, and then accuses him of classism.
At the end-of-season talent show, Dr. Houseman gives Robbie a recommendation letter for medical school, but when Robbie admits that he got Penny pregnant, and then insults her and Baby, Dr. Houseman angrily grabs the letter back. Johnny arrives and disrupts the final song by bringing Baby up on stage and declaring that she has made him a better person, and then they perform the dance they practiced all summer, ending with a successful climactic lift. Dr. Houseman admits he was wrong about Johnny and reconciles with Baby, and all the staff and guests join Baby and Johnny dancing to "(I've Had) The Time of My Life".
- Jennifer Grey as Frances "Baby" Houseman
- Patrick Swayze as Johnny Castle
- Max Cantor as Robbie Gould
- Charles Coles as Tito Suarez
- Neal Jones as Billy Kostecki
- Cynthia Rhodes as Penny Johnson
- Jack Weston as Max Kellerman
- Lonny Price as Neil Kellerman
- Jerry Orbach as Jack Houseman
- Jane Brucker as Lisa Houseman
- Kelly Bishop as Marjorie Houseman
- Miranda Garrison as Vivian Pressman
- Garry Goodrow as Moe Pressman
- Paula Trueman as Sylvia Schumacher
- Alvin Myerovich as Sydney Schumacher
- Wayne Knight as Stan
Bruce Morrow appears in a cameo as a magician; Morrow himself could be heard as a DJ's voice in different parts of the film. Emile Ardolino and Matthew Broderick (who was dating Grey at the time and co-starred with her in Ferris Bueller's Day Off) have cameos.
- "Be My Baby" – The Ronettes
- "Big Girls Don't Cry" – Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons
- "Where Are You Tonight?" – Tom Johnston
- "Do You Love Me" – The Contours
- "Love Man" – Otis Redding
- "Stay" – Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
- "Hungry Eyes" – Eric Carmen
- "Overload" – Zappacosta
- "Hey! Baby" – Bruce Channel
- "De Todo Un Poco" – Michael Lloyd & Le Disc
- "Some Kind of Wonderful" – The Drifters
- "These Arms of Mine" – Otis Redding
- "Cry to Me" – Solomon Burke
- "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" – The Shirelles
- "Love Is Strange" – Mickey & Sylvia
- "You Don't Own Me" – The Blow Monkeys
- "Yes" – Merry Clayton
- "In the Still of the Night" – The Five Satins
- "She's Like the Wind" – Patrick Swayze
- "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" – Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
The Dirty Dancing album held the number one spot on the Billboard album chart for over four months. As of July 2022, the Dirty Dancing album has sold over 14 million copies. Actress Jane Brucker wrote the song "Hula Hana", which she performed in her role of Lisa in the show rehearsal scene.
Dirty Dancing is based in large part on screenwriter Eleanor Bergstein's own childhood: she is the younger daughter of a Jewish doctor from New York and had spent summers with her family in the Catskills where she participated in "Dirty Dancing" competitions; she was also nicknamed "Baby" herself as a girl. In 1980, Bergstein wrote a screenplay for the Michael Douglas film, It's My Turn; however, the producers cut an erotic dancing scene from the script, prompting her to conceive a new story that took inspiration from her youth dance competitions. In 1984, she pitched the idea to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) executive Eileen Miselle, who liked it and teamed Bergstein with producer Linda Gottlieb. They set the film in 1963, with the character of Baby based on Bergstein's own life and the character of Johnny based on the stories of Michael Terrace, a dance instructor whom Bergstein met in the Catskills in 1985 while she was researching the story. She finished the script in November 1985, but management changes at MGM put the script into turnaround, or limbo.
Bergstein gave the script to other studios but was repeatedly rejected until she brought it to Vestron Pictures. While honing their pitch to Vestron, Gottlieb had agreed to cut the proposed budget in half. Bergstein and Gottlieb then chose Emile Ardolino as the film's director; Ardolino had never directed a feature film, but was extremely passionate about the project after reading the script while he was on jury duty. The team of Gottlieb, Bergstein, and Ardolino then presented their vision for the film to Vestron's president, Jon Peisinger, and the company's vice president for production, Mitchell Cannold. By the end of the meeting, Peisinger had greenlit the project to become Vestron's first feature film production. The approved film was budgeted at the relatively low amount of $5 million, at a time when the average cost for a film was $12 million.
For choreographer, Bergstein chose Kenny Ortega, who had been trained by Gene Kelly. For a location, they did not find anything suitable in the Catskills (as many of the Borscht Belt resorts had been shut down at that point), so they decided on a combination of two locations: Lake Lure, North Carolina, and the Mountain Lake Hotel near Pembroke, Virginia, and with careful editing made it look like all shooting was done in the same area.
For the female lead of Frances "Baby" Houseman, Winona Ryder and Sarah Jessica Parker were considered. Bergstein chose the 26-year-old Jennifer Grey, daughter of the Oscar-winning actor and dancer Joel Grey (e.g., of the film Cabaret (1972)). Grey was paid $50,000 for her role. The producers then sought a male lead, initially considering 20-year-old Billy Zane, though initial screen tests when he was partnered with Grey did not meet expectations. Val Kilmer and Benicio del Toro were also considered for Johnny. The next choice was 34-year-old Patrick Swayze, who appeared in Grandview, U.S.A. (1984) and had co-starred with Grey on Red Dawn (1984). He was a seasoned dancer, with experience from the Joffrey Ballet. The producers were thrilled with him, but his resume read "No dancing" after a knee injury. However, Swayze read the script, liked the multi-level character of Johnny, and took the part anyway. After this, Johnny's heritage was changed from being Italian to Irish. Grey was initially not happy about the choice, as she and Swayze had difficulty getting along on Red Dawn, but when they did their dancing screen test, the chemistry between them was obvious. Bergstein described it as "breathtaking". Other casting choices were Broadway actor Jerry Orbach as Dr. Jack Houseman, Baby's father; and Jane Brucker as Lisa Houseman, her older sister.
Bergstein, as the film's writer, also attempted to cast her friend, sex therapist Dr. Ruth Westheimer, to play Mrs. Schumacher (and Joel Grey as Dr. Ruth's husband). However, Westheimer backed out when she learned the role involved her playing a thief. The role went instead to 89-year-old Paula Trueman.
Another role went to Bergstein's friend, New York radio personality "Cousin Brucie" Morrow. She initially wanted him to portray the social director, but then later asked him to play the part of the magician. Morrow himself could be heard at different parts of the movie as a New York area DJ (at the time of the film's setting he was working at WABC, a top 40 station), and served as period music consultant. The role of the social director went to the then-unknown Wayne Knight (later of Seinfeld and 3rd Rock from the Sun fame).
The part of Baby's mother was originally given to Lynne Lipton, who is briefly visible in the beginning, when the Houseman family first pulls into Kellerman's (she is in the front seat for a few seconds; her blonde hair is the only indication), but she became ill during the first week of shooting and was replaced by actress Kelly Bishop, who had already been cast to play resort guest Vivian Pressman. Bishop moved into the role of Mrs. Houseman, and the film's assistant choreographer Miranda Garrison took on the role of Vivian. (When Baby is dancing in the final scene, the line that her mother says to Jerry Orbach, "She gets that from me ..." is a wink to the fact that Kelly Bishop was in the original cast of A Chorus Line, using the name at that time of Carole Bishop, and had been a professional dancer.)
Principal photography for Dirty Dancing took place in Lake Lure, North Carolina, and Mountain Lake, Virginia. Scenes in Lake Lure were filmed at a former Boy Scout Camp called Camp Occoneechee, which is now a private, residential community known as Firefly Cove. These scenes included the interior dancing scenes, Baby carrying the watermelon and practicing on the signature stairs, Johnny's cabin, the staff cabins, the golf scene where Baby asks her father for $250 and the famous "log" scenes. The climactic lift scene was filmed in the ballroom of the Lake Lure Inn. Scenes filmed at Mountain Lake included dining scenes, Kellerman's Hotel, the beach games, the Houseman family's cabins, the water lift scene and Penny crying in the kitchen.
Filming started for Dirty Dancing on September 5, 1986, and lasted just 43 days. The production had to battle bad weather, including outside temperatures of 105 °F (41 °C). With the camera and lighting equipment needed for filming, the temperature inside could be as high as 120 °F (49 °C). According to choreographer Kenny Ortega, 10 people passed out within 25 minutes of shooting one day. Paula Trueman collapsed and was taken to the local emergency room to be treated for dehydration. Patrick Swayze also required a hospital visit; insisting on doing his own stunts, he repeatedly fell off the log during the "balancing" scene and injured his knee so badly he had to have fluid drained from the swelling.
Delays in the shooting schedule pushed filming into the autumn, which required the set decorators to spray-paint the autumn leaves green. The weather became cold, causing the lake's temperatures to drop to near 40 °F (4 °C) for the famous swimming scene, which was filmed in October. Despite her character's enjoyment, Grey later described the water as "horrifically" cold, and she might not have gone into the lake, except that she was "young and hungry".
Relations between the two main stars varied throughout production. They had already had trouble getting along in their previous project, Red Dawn (1984), and worked things out enough to have an extremely positive screen test, but that initial cooperation soon faded, and they were soon "facing off" before every scene. To address this, producer Bergstein and director Ardolino forced the stars to re-watch their initial screen-tests—the ones with the "breathtaking" chemistry. This had the desired effect, and Swayze and Grey were able to return to the film with renewed energy and enthusiasm.
Some of the scenes in the film are improvised. For example, the scene where Grey was to stand in front of Swayze with her back to him and put her arm up behind his head while he trailed his fingers down her arm. Grey was exhausted at the time and found the move ticklish, and could not stop giggling each time Swayze tried it, and he became annoyed. The footage was found in the editing room and the producers decided the scene worked as it was and put it into the film, complete with Grey's giggling and Swayze's annoyed expression. It became one of the most famous scenes in the movie, turning out, as choreographer Kenny Ortega put it, "as one of the most delicate and honest moments in the film."
The shooting wrapped on October 27, 1986, both on-time and on-budget. No one on the team, however, liked the rough cut that was put together, and Vestron executives were convinced the film was going to be a flop. Thirty-nine percent of people who viewed the film did not realize abortion was the subplot. In May 1987, the film was screened for producer Aaron Russo. According to Vestron executive Mitchell Cannold, Russo's reaction at the end was to say simply, "Burn the negative, and collect the insurance."
Further disputes arose over whether a corporate sponsor could be found to promote the film. Marketers of the Clearasil acne product liked the film, seeing it as a vehicle to reach a teen target audience. However, when they learned the film contained an abortion scene, they asked for that part of the plot to be cut. As Bergstein refused, the Clearasil promotion was dropped. Consequently, Vestron promoted the film themselves and initially aimed for a July premiere before setting the premiere on August 16, 1987. The Vestron executives had planned to release the film in theaters for a weekend, and then home video, since Vestron had been in the video distribution business before film production.
Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a rating of 70% based on reviews from 74 critics and a rating average of 6.30/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Like its winsome characters, Dirty Dancing uses impressive choreography and the power of song to surmount a series of formidable obstacles." Metacritic, another review aggregator, assigned the film a weighted average score of 65 out of 100, based on 20 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A−" on an A+ to F scale.
The New York Times described the film as "a metaphor for America in the summer of 1963— orderly, prosperous, bursting with good intentions, a sort of Yiddish-inflected Camelot." Other reviews were more mixed: Gene Siskel gave the film a "marginal Thumbs Up" as he liked Jennifer Grey's acting and development of her character, while Roger Ebert gave it "Thumbs Down" due to its "idiot plot", calling it a "tired and relentlessly predictable story of love between kids from different backgrounds." Time magazine was lukewarm, saying, "If the ending of Eleanor Bergstein's script is too neat and inspirational, the rough energy of the film's song and dance does carry one along, past the whispered doubts of better judgment." In a retrospective review, Jezebel's Irin Carmon called the film "the greatest movie of all time" as "a great, brave movie for women" with "some subtle, retrospectively sharp-eyed critiques of class and gender."
Abortion rights advocates have called the film the "gold standard" for cinematic portrayals of abortion, which author Yannis Tzioumakis described as offering a "compassionate depiction of abortion in which the woman seeking an abortion was not demonized with the primary concerns being her health and preserving her capacity to bear children at a future time rather than the ethical dilemma that might or might not inform her decision, a portrayal that is not necessarily available in current films."
The film drew adult audiences instead of the expected teens, with viewers rating the film highly. Many filmgoers, after seeing the film once, went back into the theater to watch it a second time. Word-of-mouth promotion took the film to the number one position in the United States, and in 10 days it had broken the $10 million mark. By November, it was also achieving international fame. Within seven months of release, it had brought in $63 million in the US and boosted attendance in dance classes across America. It was one of the highest-grossing films of 1987, earning $170 million worldwide.
The film's popularity continued to grow after its initial release. It was the number one video rental of 1988 and became the first film to sell a million copies on video. When the film was re-released in 1997, ten years after its original release, Swayze received his own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and videos were still selling at the rate of over 40,000 per month. As of 2005[update], it was selling a million DVDs per year, with over ten million copies sold as of 2007[update].
A May 2007 survey by Britain's Sky Movies listed Dirty Dancing as number one on "Women's most-watched films", above the Star Wars trilogy, Grease, The Sound of Music, and Pretty Woman. The film's popularity has also caused it to be called "the Star Wars for girls."
In October 2021, amid a dispute over abortion in Texas, magazine The Hollywood Reporter recommended the film as one to revisit on abortion in the cinema industry. Angie Han, writing for the magazine, highlighted Eleanor Bergstein's writing of the film.
Awards and honorsEdit
|Academy Awards||Best Original Song||"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"
Music by Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz;
Lyrics by Franke Previte
|Amanda Awards||Best Foreign Feature Film||Emile Ardolino||Won|
|ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards||Most Performed Songs from Motion Pictures||"Hungry Eyes"
Music and Lyrics by Franke Previte and John DeNicola
|"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"
Music by Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz;
Lyrics by Franke Previte
|BMI Film & TV Awards||Most Performed Song from a Film||"She's Like the Wind"
Music and Lyrics by Patrick Swayze and Stacy Widelitz
|Deauville American Film Festival||International Critics Awards||Emile Ardolino||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Nominated|
|Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Patrick Swayze||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||Jennifer Grey||Nominated|
|Best Original Song – Motion Picture||"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"
Music by Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz;
Lyrics by Franke Previte
|Golden Screen Awards||Won|
|Grammy Awards||Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group With Vocals||"(I've Had) The Time of My Life" – Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes||Won|
|Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television||"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"
Music by Franke Previte, John DeNicola and Donald Markowitz;
Lyrics by Franke Previte
|Independent Spirit Awards||Best First Feature||Emile Ardolino||Won|
|Jupiter Awards||Best International Film||Nominated|
|Kids' Choice Awards||Favorite Movie Actor||Patrick Swayze||Nominated|
|TV Land Awards||Movie Dance Sequence You Reenacted in Your Living Room||"(I've Had) The Time of My Life"||Won|
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – #93
- 2004: AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs:
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- Johnny Castle: "Nobody puts Baby in a corner." – #98
- 2006: AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers – Nominated
Rehearsals for the dancing, and some filming, used music from Bergstein's personal collection of gramophone records. When it came time to select actual music for the film, Vestron chose Jimmy Ienner as music supervisor. Ienner, who had previously produced albums and songs for John Lennon and Three Dog Night, opted to stick with much of the music that had already been used during filming and obtained licenses for the songs from Bergstein's collection. He also enlisted Swayze to sing the new song "She's Like the Wind". Swayze had written the song a few years earlier with Stacy Widelitz, originally intending for it to be used in the film Grandview, U.S.A. (1984).
John Morris composed the film's score. The lyrics for the Kellermans' song that closes the talent show were written specifically for the film and were sung to the tune of "Annie Lisle", a commonly used theme for school alma maters. Kenny Ortega and his assistant Miranda Garrison chose the song for the finale by going through an entire box of tapes, listening to each one. According to Ortega, literally the last tape they listened to had "The Time of My Life", which they saw as the obvious choice.[verify] Ienner then insisted that Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes record it. The song won the 1988 Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group, an Academy Award for Best Original Song, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song.
The film's soundtrack started an oldies music revival, and demand for the album caught RCA Records by surprise. The Dirty Dancing album spent 18 weeks at number one on the Billboard 200 album sales charts and went platinum 14 times, selling more than 32 million copies worldwide. It spawned a follow-up multi-platinum album in February 1988, entitled More Dirty Dancing.
Songs from the album that appeared on the charts included:
- "(I've Had) The Time of My Life," performed by Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes, composed by Franke Previte, John deNicola, and Donald Markowitz – this song rose to No. 1 on the pop charts.
- "She's Like the Wind," performed by lead actor Patrick Swayze, composed by Swayze and Stacy Widelitz; this song peaked at No. 3 in 1988.
- "Hungry Eyes," performed by Eric Carmen, composed by Franke Previte and John deNicola; this song peaked at No. 4 in 1988.
- "Yes," performed by Merry Clayton, composed by Neal Cavanaugh, Terry Fryer, and Tom Graf; this song peaked No. 45 in 1988.
Additionally, the resurgence in popularity of the oldies contained in the movie led to a re-release of The Contours' single "Do You Love Me." "Do You Love Me" was featured in the movie but was omitted from the original soundtrack; it was included on More Dirty Dancing. Upon being re-released, "Do You Love Me" became a surprise hit all over again, this time peaking at No. 11 (it originally hit No. 3 back in 1962).
Various images and lines from the film have worked their way into popular culture. Johnny Castle's line, "Nobody puts Baby in a corner", has been used in song lyrics, as the title of the "Nobody Puts Baby in a Corner" episode of the TV series Veronica Mars, and as the title of a Fall Out Boy song. "Nobody puts Baby in a corner" was also quoted in Supernatural: when Dean says the line concerning his beloved Impala and his brother Sam retorts that the line is from a Swayze movie; Dean responds: "Swayze always gets a pass". The line was parodied in the webcomic Looking for Group where Richard, one of the primary characters, uttered a variation involving his own name, and in Family Guy, where the scene is parodied by Baby's parents questioning Johnny due to her youth. In Sweden, feminist art group Sisters of Jam put the text "Nobody puts Baby in a corner" (in English) in white neon light at Umeå Bus Square (2008) and at Karlstad University (2012).
Family Guy also parodies the scene where Baby first sees Johnny dancing with the staff. In the TV series How I Met Your Mother, Barney Stinson attempts to pass off the Dirty Dancing story as the story of his own loss of virginity because he is ashamed of his actual story; the original "Love is Strange" scene is shown with Barney replacing Johnny.
The famous lift scene is also widely referenced in popular culture. In the 2011 film Crazy, Stupid, Love Ryan Gosling's character is able to perform the "move from Dirty Dancing” and does it with Emma Stone's character. In 2015, UnitedHealthcare released a commercial with a couple dancing and attempting to perform the "lift" scene. In the soap opera Coronation Street the famous lift dance sequence was rehearsed for the 2018 wedding of Steve McDonald and Tracy Barlow and was also performed to "The Time of My Life" as in the film.
The French film Heartbreaker (2010) pays homage to the film, as a plot detail, with some clips from the film shown and a "recreation" by the two main characters of the "lift" scene.
In the first episode of the TV series New Girl, the female lead Jess watches the film repeatedly after her break up. Jess continues to repeatedly watch the film after various break-ups throughout the series.
The resort where Dirty Dancing was filmed has themed weekend activities, such as dance lessons, guided tours, film screenings, parties, and lawn games.
The film was adapted for the stage in 2004 as a musical, Dirty Dancing: The Classic Story on Stage. Produced by Jacobsen Entertainment in Australia for $6.5 million, it was written by Eleanor Bergstein and had the same songs as the film, plus a few extra scenes. Musical direction was by Chong Lim (one of the composers for the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney), and the initial production starred Kym Valentine as Baby and Sydney Dance Company's Josef Brown as Johnny. Although reviews were mixed, the production was a commercial success, selling over 200,000 tickets during its six-month run. It has also had sellout runs in Germany and in London's West End, where it opened at the Aldwych Theatre on October 23, 2006, with the highest pre-sell in London history, earning £6 million (US$12 million). As of March 2011[update], over 1 million people have seen the musical in London, selling out 6 months in advance. The original West End production closed in July 2011 after a five-year run, prior to a two-year national tour. The show returned to the West End at the Piccadilly Theatre and ran from July 13, 2013, to February 22, 2014, before resuming its tour of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.
A New York production was in the planning stage in 2006, with the show first starting in other North American cities. It broke box office records in May 2007 for its first such venue, selling $2 million on the first day of ticket sales in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The production opened on November 15, 2007, at the Royal Alexandra Theatre, with an all-Canadian cast, except for Monica West (Baby Housman), Britta Lazenga (Penny), and Al Sapienza (Jack Housman). After Toronto, the musical opened in Chicago in previews on September 28, 2008, and officially on October 19, 2008, running through January 17, 2009, followed by Boston (February 7 – March 15, 2009) and Los Angeles.
An official American tour began in September 2014 at the National Theatre in Washington, DC with dates scheduled in 31 cities. Previews started August 26 and the official opening night was on September 2. The original tour's cast included Jillian Mueller as Frances "Baby" Houseman, Samuel Pergande as Johnny Castle, Jenny Winton as Penny Johnson, Mark Elliot Wilson as Dr. Jack Houseman, Emily Rice as Lisa Houseman, Gary Lynch as Max Kellerman, Jesse Liebman as Neil Kellerman, Caralyn Kozlowski as Marjorie Houseman, Sam Edgerly as Robbie Gould, Jerome Harmann-Hardeman as Tito Suarez, Doug Carpenter as Billy Kostecki, Amanda Brantley as Vivian Pressman, Jon Drake as Moe Pressman, and Herman Petras as Mr. Schumacher.
Tours and TV showEdit
Dirty Dancing has appeared in other forms than the stage version. In 1988, a music tour named Dirty Dancing: Live in Concert, featuring Bill Medley and Eric Carmen, played 90 cities in three months. Also in 1988, the CBS network launched a Dirty Dancing television series, however with none of the original cast or crew. The series was canceled after only a few episodes.
In 2020, a sequel to the film was announced. Jennifer Grey will reprise the role as Baby Houseman. As part of their presentation during CinemaCon 2022, producer and, through their ownership of the Vestron library, current owner of the film Lionsgate announced the film had the tentative title of DD and reaffirmed that Grey would still reprise her role as Baby. On May 9, 2022, it was announced that the film was eyeing a 2024 release date, with Jonathan Levine announced to direct.
In 2004, a prequel of the film was released, entitled Dirty Dancing: Havana Nights. It tells the story of a sheltered American teenager learning about life through dance, when her family relocates to Havana, Cuba just before the 1959 Cuban Revolution. Swayze was paid $5 million to appear in a cameo role as a dance teacher.
20th anniversary releasesEdit
For the 20th anniversary in 2007, the film was re-released in theaters with additional footage, while the original film version was re-released on DVD with deleted scenes, and included writer commentary. At the same time, Codemasters released Dirty Dancing: The Video Game. In the United Kingdom, the anniversary was marked by a reality TV show based on the film; titled Dirty Dancing: The Time of Your Life, the TV show was filmed at the Mountain Lake resort.
In the UK, to mark the 20th anniversary of the film, Channel 5 broadcast a special documentary called Seriously Dirty Dancing. It was presented by Dawn Porter, an investigative journalist and a self-confessed Dirty Dancing addict. The documentary was very successful, being Channel Five's highest rated documentary of 2007. Porter visited the set of the film, met other Dirty Dancing fanatics, and learned the last dance, which she performed at the end of the documentary in front of family and friends.
In August 2011, Lionsgate, which owns the film rights, announced their plan to remake the film. It was confirmed that the studio had hired the film's choreographer, Kenny Ortega, to direct. "We believe that the timing couldn't be better to modernize this story on the big screen, and we are proud to have Kenny Ortega at the helm", Joe Drake, president of Lionsgate's Motion Picture Group, explained about the project. A miniseries version of Dirty Dancing had been scheduled to be shot in Western North Carolina. As of July 29, 2015[update], the miniseries has been put on hold.
In December 2015, ABC ordered a three-hour musical remake of Dirty Dancing, starring Abigail Breslin, Colt Prattes, Debra Messing, Sarah Hyland, Nicole Scherzinger, Billy Dee Williams & Shane Harper. It aired on May 24, 2017. It received negative reviews from a majority of critics.
- "Dirty Dancing (15)". British Board of Film Classification. July 20, 1987. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- Singh, Anita (September 16, 2009). "Patrick Swayze, the man who inspired a generation of women to dance, has died". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on September 22, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- Craughwell, Kathleen (August 18, 1997). "Save the Last Dirty Dance for the Revival". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
- Robbins, Caryn (January 10, 2017). "ABC Announces May Premiere Date for Dirty Dancing Event Movie". BroadwayWorld. Archived from the original on February 23, 2017. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
- Vernon, Polly (October 10, 2006). "Hey Baby – we're all Swayze now". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on February 22, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2007.
- Winterman, Denise (October 24, 2006). "The Time of Your Life". BBC News. Archived from the original on May 29, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2007.
- "Dirty Dancing Movie (1987) - The 80s Movies Rewind". fast-rewind.com. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
- "Gold & Platinum - RIAA". Retrieved July 9, 2022.
- "Different Moves". People. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Nikkhah, Roya (February 14, 2009). "Dirty Dancing: The classic story". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
- Posner, Michael (November 14, 2007). "Dance dirty with me". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on August 4, 2020. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
- Sue Tabashnik (July 14, 2010). "The "Real" Catskills People". The Fans' Love Story: How the Movie 'Dirty Dancing' Captured the Hearts of Millions!. Outskirts Press, Inc.
- Rickey, Carrie (August 19, 2012). "'Dirty Dancing': Panned as a dud, but dynamite". The Inquirer. Archived from the original on December 21, 2018. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
- Kolson, Ann (August 17, 1997). "Fairy Tale Without an Ending". The New York Times. p. 2.11.
- Mathews, Jack (September 9, 1987). "'Dirty Dancing' Steps Back into Nostalgia". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 15, 2019. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- Bergstein, Eleanor, producer (2007). Dirty Dancing: 20th anniversary (DVD). Lions Gate.
Tribute to Emile Ardolino
- Hartlaub, Peter (January 16, 2003). "Choreographer Kenny Ortega's ode to disco". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
- Clark, Paul (April 30, 2007). "'Dirty Dancing' marks 20 years with return to big screen". Asheville Citizen-Times.
- "Strictly Come Dancing". Ballet News. November 7, 2011. Archived from the original on April 14, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- Wexman, Virginia (1993). Creating the Couple: Love, Marriage, and Hollywood Performance. p. 144. ASIN B012HUM3TG.
- "15 Things You Didn't Know About Dirty Dancing in Honor of the Film's 34th Anniversary".
- Egan, Elisabeth (April 18, 2022). "Don't Call Her 'Baby.' At 62, Jennifer Grey is Taking the Lead". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
- Leigh, Wendy (October 20, 2009). Patrick Swayze: One Last Dance. p. 91. ISBN 978-1439149997.
- Simon, Alex (June 10, 2015). "Great Conversations: Patrick Swayze". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on December 4, 2015. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
- "10 things you probably didn't know about 'Dirty Dancing' | DW | 17.08.2017". DW.COM. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- "Celebrate 'Dirty Dancing' turning 30 with these movie fun facts". cleveland. August 21, 2017.
- Shaw, Alan. "Classic films: Dirty Dancing had hot sets and tempers that led to movie gold". The Sunday Post.
- Watkins, Gwynne. "A Timeline of Dirty Dancing Pop-Culture References, From Full House to Crazy, Stupid, Love". Vulture.
- McPadden, Mike. "28 Things You Didn't Know About Dirty Dancing". VH1 News.
- Moore, Frazier (November 7, 1992). "You may know Wayne Knight whether you know you do or not". Chicago Tribune (AP).
- Dirty Dancing: 20th anniversary (DVD). Lions Gate. 2007.
- Some scenes shot with Lipton in the role of Mrs. Houseman can be viewed on the 20th anniversary 2007 DVD
- "How to Visit the Filming Locations of Dirty Dancing". Architectural Digest. February 17, 2017. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Genzlinger, Neil (May 26, 2017). "'Dirty Dancing': Where Kellerman's Came to Life". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- "Dirty Dancing on Lake Lure". Deep South Magazine. August 14, 2013. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Dirty Dancing (1987) - IMDb, retrieved June 19, 2022
- "The Dirty Dancing Resort Is Real and You Can Actually Vacation There!". Life & Style. May 24, 2017. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Kolson, Ann (August 17, 1997). "Fairy Tale Without An Ending". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- "Dirty Dancing: Appalachia's Super Hit Movie 30 Years Ago". Appalachian Magazine. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Smith, Lauren (October 14, 2015). "11 Things You Didn't Know About "Dirty Dancing"". Good Housekeeping. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Rowley, Laura (August 21, 2012). "'Dirty Dancing' Turns 25: The Blockbuster Film That Almost Wasn't Made". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on August 29, 2017. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- "Dirty Dancing: Take a Look Back at the Iconic Film as It Turns 30!". Life & Style. August 27, 2017. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Thompson, Eliza (February 2, 2017). "6 Behind-the-Scenes Secrets of "Dirty Dancing"". Cosmopolitan. Archived from the original on January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- "'Dirty Dancing' turns 30: Here are 6 things to know about the '80s classic". TODAY.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Kring-Schreifels, Jack (August 20, 2020). "How "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Saved 'Dirty Dancing'". The Ringer. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- "Dirty Dancing (1987)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Archived from the original on March 24, 2021. Retrieved August 26, 2022.
- "Dirty Dancing reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
- "Cinemascore". Archived from the original on December 20, 2018.
- Freedman, Samuel G. (August 16, 1987). "'Dirty Dancing' Rocks to an Innocent Beat". The New York Times. p. A19. Retrieved May 3, 2008.
- Siskel, Gene; Ebert, Roger (August 21, 1987). "Video review on Siskel & Ebert and The Movies". Archived from the original on May 4, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
- Ebert, Roger (August 21, 1987). "Review of Dirty Dancing". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on July 9, 2007. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- Schickel, Richard (September 14, 1987). "Cinema: Teenage Turmoil". Time. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved June 8, 2007.
- Carmon, Irin (April 29, 2010). "Dirty Dancing Is the Greatest Movie of All Time". Jezebel. Archived from the original on May 2, 2010. Retrieved June 7, 2007.
- Herold, Steph (February 28, 2017). "'Dirty Dancing' Led the Way in Depicting Abortion—If Only Other Media Would Follow". Rewire. Archived from the original on March 10, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Tzioumakis, Yannis (2013). The Time of Our Lives: Dirty Dancing and Popular Culture. Wayne State University Press. p. 135.
- Dirty Dancing. The E! True Hollywood Story. September 3, 2000.
- Wiams, William (November 20, 2004). "Baby in the Underworld: Myth and Tragic Vision in Dirty Dancing" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2007. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
- "Private Dancers". The Age. June 15, 2005. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- "Sales / Home Video Top Cassettes of 88 from Billboard magazine". The Orlando Sentinel. December 30, 1988.
- Brown, Sandy (July 14, 2005). "Lions Gate grabs Swayze Rights". TheStreet.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Snider, Mike (April 24, 2007). "Dirty Dancing: Baby's Out of the Corner". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 27, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- "Star Wars 'is top film obsession'". BBC News. May 6, 2007. Archived from the original on October 7, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Alaway, Nick (January 14, 2001). "Dirty Dancing". Fast Rewind. Archived from the original on September 5, 2007. Retrieved September 4, 2007.
- "The insider's guide to 'Dirty Dancing'". CNN. October 25, 2006. Archived from the original on January 18, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- Han, Angie (October 8, 2021). "Abortion in Film: THR Critics Recommend 12 Movies to Revisit". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
- "The 60th Academy Awards (1988) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
- "1987 Deauville Film Festival". Mubi. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
- "Dirty Dancing – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
- "1987 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- "36 Years of Nominees and Winners" (PDF). Independent Spirit Awards. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on April 17, 2015. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 13, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Cheers Nominees" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- "Story Behind the Song: 'She's Like the Wind'". The Tennessean. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Gardinier, Bob (December 26, 2007). "School searches for song of itself". Times Union.
- Campbell, Mary (Associated Press) (March 21, 1988). "On the way to a singing career, he found success as a songwriter". Daily News of Los Angeles.
- Hoekstra, Dave (June 26, 1988). "Dirty Dancing: The movie, the music, the money". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Lott, M. Ray (2004). The American Martial Arts Film. McFarland. p. 71. ISBN 0-7864-1836-2.
- Taneja, Nikhil (December 9, 2008). "Those chart busters". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Black Eyed Peas go Dirty Dancing - Havana Nights". Havana Journal. February 8, 2004. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "Zuma Beach Ent. Appointments President and Completes Acquisition". whedon.info. March 3, 2005. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
- "Dirty Dancing discography". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 12, 2008. Retrieved March 6, 2008.
- Leszczak, Bob (October 10, 2013). Who Did It First?: Great Rhythm and Blues Cover Songs and Their Original Artists. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-8867-8.
- Johnny pulls Baby out of her chair, saying, "Nobody puts Baby in a corner", to Jack. He and Baby take the stage, where Johnny announces, "Sorry about the disruption, folks, but I always do the last dance of the season. This year somebody told me not to. So I'm gonna do my kind of dancin' with a great partner, who's not only a terrific dancer, but somebody who taught me that there are people willing to stand up for other people no matter what it costs them. Somebody who taught me about the kind of person I want to be: Miss Frances Houseman."
- "Nobody Puts Baby in a Corner". Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- UnitedHealthcare TV Spot, 'Our Song', retrieved June 19, 2022
- Macias, T.J. (February 7, 2022). "Resort where 'Dirty Dancing' was filmed invites fans to have the time of their lives". The Raleigh News & Observer. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
- College, Mount Holyoke. "A very Mount Holyoke move-in day". Retrieved November 2, 2018.
- "Dirty Dancing to make Welsh debut at Wales Millennium Centre in 2012 - Cardiff". Visitcardiff.com. March 18, 2011. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- "Dirty Dancing Closes Jul 9, Prior to National Tour". Whatsonstage.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
- "Dirty Dancing returns to give West End audiences the time of their lives!". BestofTheatre.co.uk. Archived from the original on November 25, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
- "Dirty Dancing: The Classic Story on Stage". Archived from the original on March 10, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Sams, Christine (May 7, 2007). "Dirty moves directed at US". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on June 5, 2007. Retrieved May 26, 2007.
- Jones, Kenneth."Dirty Dancing, Musical Based on Hit Film, Opens in Chicago Oct. 19" Archived October 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, October 19, 2008
- Jones, Kenneth."More Chances to Feel Dirty in Chicago; Dirty Dancing Gets Six Extra Weeks" Archived October 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, playbill.com, October 16, 2008
- BWW News Desk.Dirty Dancing National Tour Opens Tonight at the National Theatre" Archived August 17, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, broadwayworld.com, September 4, 2014
- "Dirty Dancing – Broadway Musical – Tour | IBDB". ibdb.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
- "'Dirty Dancing' Then & Now: TV movie premieres tonight". ABC13 Houston. May 24, 2017. Archived from the original on February 28, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Ames, Jeff (August 7, 2020). "Jennifer Grey Confirmed to Return for Dirty Dancing Sequel". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on September 28, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
- Rubin, Rebecca (May 9, 2022). "'Dirty Dancing' Sequel With Jennifer Grey Sets Director, Eyes 2024 Release".
- "Dirty Dancing Video Game – official site". Codemasters. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. Retrieved June 24, 2007.
- Arendt, Susan (May 29, 2007). "Coming soon to your PC: Dirty Dancing, the Video Game". Wired. Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved June 24, 2007.
- "Dirty Dancing to Film TV Miniseries in WNC". Archived from the original on May 26, 2015.
- "Producers put Asheville 'Dirty Dancing' miniseries in a corner". charlotteobserver. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- Hibberd, James (December 10, 2015). "'Dirty Dancing' remake is coming". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Rich, Katey The Next TV Musical Is Actually a Pretty Good Idea Archived August 9, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Vanity Fair. December 10, 2015
- "See The Cast for the TV Remake Of 'Dirty Dancing'". Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
- "ABC's 'Dirty Dancing' Remake Adds 'Awkward' Alum as Robbie (Exclusive)". Archived from the original on May 6, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Petski, Denise (March 3, 2016). "'Dirty Dancing' ABC Remake Adds Billy Dee Williams As Tito". Archived from the original on February 23, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- "Dirty Dancing (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on May 27, 2017. Retrieved April 22, 2017.