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Dholpur is a city in eastern-most parts of the Rajasthan state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Dholpur District and was formerly seat of the Dholpur princely state, before Independence.

Dholpur
Dhaulpur
City
Chhatri of Rana Udaybhanu Singh at Dholpur
Nickname(s): Dang
Dholpur is located in Rajasthan
Dholpur
Dholpur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 26°42′N 77°54′E / 26.7°N 77.9°E / 26.7; 77.9Coordinates: 26°42′N 77°54′E / 26.7°N 77.9°E / 26.7; 77.9
Country  India
State Rajasthan
Founded by Dhaval Dev in 11th century
Area
 • City 3,034 km2 (1,171 sq mi)
Elevation 177 m (581 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 126,142
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 133,229
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 328001
Telephone code 05642
Vehicle registration RJ 11
Sex ratio 862 /
Website dholpur.rajasthan.gov.in
Dholpur Bus Stand

Dhaulpur became a separate district in 1982 comprising Dholpur, Rajakhera, Sarmathura, Bari and Baseri Tehsils. Dholpur district is a part of Bharatpur Division/Commissionerate. It is bordered by Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Karauli district to the west and Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to the east.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The geographical coordinates for Dholpur (Dhaulpur) are 26° 42' 0" North, 77° 54' 0" East.[3] Total area of Dholpur district is 3,034 sq. kilometers.[4]

Tasimo HistoryEdit

Tasimo Ke Veer ShaheedEdit

To liberate the country, many people sacrificed their lives for the country. Similarly, the names of martyrs of Tasimo village of Dholpur come as martyrs Chhatar Singh Parmar and Shaheed Pancham Singh Kushwah. Who sacrificed his life for the country. The important event in the history of Dholpur was on 11th April, 1947 when the workers of the society gathered at Tasimo village gathering place. Then there was a ban on hoisting the flag, but the neem tree had a tricolor wave and the meeting was going on. At the same time, the Samajwadi police station Shamsher Singh, the Deputy Superintendent of Police, Gurudatt Singh, and the Thanedar Aliazam reached the meeting with the police at the meeting and when they came forward to bring the flag of the Tricolor, Thakur Chhattar Singh, who was present in the assembly, stood in front of the soldiers and Tricolor said in the condition of not releasing the flag. In that very same, the police shot Thakur Chhattar Singh. Then Pancham Singh Kushwaha came forward and the police shot him too. As soon as the two martyrs fell on the ground, the people present in the gathering surrounded the neem tree that had become a tricolor and said that the shoot shot is ready for us to die for Bharat Maata. And the shouting of the name of Bharat Maata, the police retreated, seeing the matter deteriorating. Due to this martyrdom of freedom fighters, Tasimo village was recorded not only in Rajasthan but in the entire history of India, which is known in history as 'Tasimo Goli Kand'. He, who did not care for his life, left his life for the Tricolor. Such were our heroes of Shaheed Chhattar Singh Parmar and Pancham Singh Kushvah of Dholpur. Pandit Roshanlal 83, who witnessed the incident, points out that the marks of bullets run by the police at the behest of the monarchy have not even blurred on their hands. The same witness, 86-year-old Jamunadas Mittal, said that for the shame of the Tricolor, two of his sons They are curious on martyrdom.

HistoryEdit

Tomar Rajput ruleEdit

Dholpur or Dhawalpuri was established in 700 AD by Raja Dholan Dev Tomar and most likely the name of city was changed to Dholpur after him. He resided 10 km south west of Dholpur at a place called Bilpur near chambal where a fort still exists.[5] His descendant Raja Dhawal Deo built the new town of Dholpur in 1050 AD. Their descendants are still living in the area and till independence were rulers of many small chieftainships in Morena and Gwalior. He was ruler of country between Chambal and Banganga. The Dholeshwar Mahadev Temple built by this Raja was washed away in Chambal floods of 1868 AD.[6] The Tomars lost sovereignty to Jadu's of Karauli.

Jadon rulers of KarauliEdit

The Dholpur fort was built by Dharampal, Raja of Karauli in 1120 A.D.[6]

Mughal periodEdit

 
Dholpur State part of the Rajputana Agency, 1909

After the battle of Panipat, Babar became the first Mughal ruler of Hindustan. His rule was not a bed of roses in the early years of his reign. After the death of Ibrahim Lodi, many states declared themselves independent. Talai Khan became the ruler of Gwalior. Similarly, Mohammed Jaifoon declared himself the ruler of Dholpur. Babar sent Junniad Barlas to Dholpur, who crushed the rebellion and took over the administration of Dholpur in his own hands.

According to the Babur Nama, Babur had a baori built in Dholpur on his last trip to Gwalior, to add to the charghar ("four-gardens") he had already had built there.[7]

Rajput ruleEdit

After the death of Aurangzeb, Raja Kalyan Singh Bhadoria (Chauhan) occupied the fort till 1761 AD, whence Raja of Bharatpur, the Jat ruler Maharaja Surajmal took control of the fort.[6] in 1947 before independence Ganeshi Lal Gurjar of Sizroli and Surajbhan Singh these 2 are also Rajput zamidar also in dolpur.

Jat presenceEdit

In Second Anglo-Maratha War between the British and Marathas at Laswari on 1 November 1803, Lord Lake defeated Sindhia and vanished his reputation.[8][9] In this war the Jats helped the British. The British army officers had affection for Jats.[9]

Later the British concluded a treaty with the Jats and with their help defeated Marathas and won back Gwalior and Gohad from them. The British kept Gwalior with them but returned Gohad to the Jats in 1804.[10] Gohad was handed over to Marathas under a revised treaty dated 22 November 1805 between Marathas and British. Under the treaty Gohad ruler Rana Kirat Singh was given Dhaulpur, Badi and Rajakheda in exchange. Rana Kirat Singh moved to Dhaulpur in December 1805.[11] Sindhias were able to take over Gohad on 27 February 1806 with the help of the British. Thus the Rana Jat rulers of Bamraulia gotra ruled Gohad for 300 years from 1505–1805 and after that their rule was transferred at Dholpur.[12][better source needed]

British rule and afterEdit

After Mughals Rana (mainly used by rajpoots)vansh of Jats become ruler of Dhaulpur, during British Raj, it was part of the Rajputana Agency, till the Independence of India. The former mansion of the ruler of the erstwhile Dholpur State, Kesarbagh palace, now houses the Dholpur Military School, while its official residence in New Delhi, Dholpur House, is used by the Union Public Service Commission.

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2011 census, Dhaulpur municipality had a population of 126,142[1] and the urban agglomeration had a population of 133,229.[2] The municipality had a sex ratio of 862 females per 1,000 males and 13.6% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 76.56%; male literacy was 84.22% and female literacy was 67.74%.[1]

 
Kesarbagh Palace, now the Dholpur Military School

EducationEdit

The notable Dholpur Military School is housed in Kesarbagh Palace, a magnificent mansion of the former ruler of the erstwhile Dholpur State. It is 10.5 kilometres away from Dholpur City and on Dholpur-Bari Road.

ClimateEdit

Dholpur is reputed to be the location of the highest recorded temperature in India, at 50 °C on June 3, 2017. The hottest months are May and June, which mark the oppressive summer season. Temperatures in summers are normally higher than 40 °C. Coldest months are December and January where temperatures sometimes reach near-zero and subzero levels. The lowest recorded temperature is -4.3 °C on January 29, 2017.[13]

Climate data for Dholpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.6
(90.7)
36.8
(98.2)
42.8
(109)
47.3
(117.1)
49.8
(121.6)
50.0
(122)
46.0
(114.8)
42.2
(108)
41.7
(107.1)
41.8
(107.2)
37.7
(99.9)
32.6
(90.7)
50.0
(122)
Record low °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
0.2
(32.4)
4.0
(39.2)
11.0
(51.8)
16.7
(62.1)
18.4
(65.1)
20.9
(69.6)
17.4
(63.3)
14.9
(58.8)
8.9
(48)
3.1
(37.6)
−3.3
(26.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
Source: India Meteorological Department[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Google. "maplandia.com". Google. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "Introduction". Archived from the original on 2005-08-29. 
  5. ^ John Murray (Firm), Edward Backhouse Eastwick -Handbook of the Bengal Presidency, page 370
  6. ^ a b c John Murray (Firm), Edward Backhouse Eastwick - Handbook of the Bengal Presidency, page 370
  7. ^ Babur Nama, Penguin, p. 311.
  8. ^ GS Desai:Marathon kaavin Itihas, part III, p.446-47
  9. ^ a b Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : "Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas" (Hindi), p.62
  10. ^ Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : "Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas" (Hindi), p.63
  11. ^ Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : "Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas" (Hindi), p.71
  12. ^ Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : "Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas" (Hindi)
  13. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures upto 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 21, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-21. 
  14. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures upto 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2013-05-21. 

External linksEdit