Dera Ghazi Khan District

Dera Ghazi Khan (Urdu: ضلع ڈيره غازى خان, Punjabi: ضلع ڈیرا غازی خان , Saraiki: ضلع دیرہ غازی خان, Balochi: ڈیرہ غازی خان دمگ) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Its capital is the Dera Ghazi Khan city.

Dera Ghazi Khan District
ضلع ڈيره غازى خان
ضلع ڈیرا غازی خان
ضلع دیرہ غازی خان
ڈیرہ غازی خان دمگ
Top to bottom: Shrine of Mullah Qaid Shah, Hills of Fort Munro.
Map of Dera Ghazi Khan District
Map of Dera Ghazi Khan District
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionDera Ghazi Khan
HeadquartersDera Ghazi Khan
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerSardar Abdullah Dasti
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total11,294 km2 (4,361 sq mi)
Population
 • Total3,393,705
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils3
Websitedgkhan.punjab.gov.pk

The district lies to the west of the Indus River. The Sulaiman Mountains rise to a height of 10,000 feet (3,000 m) in the north of the district. Popular tourist destinations are Fort Munro, Yakbai Hill station and Mubarki top.

Administration edit

The district is divided into three tehsils [3][4] which are divided into a total of sixty Union Councils:[5]

Tehsil No. of Unions
Dera Ghazi Khan 41
Kot Chutta 24
Koh-e-sulaiman 01

Dera Ghazi Khan Tehsil edit

Dera Ghazi Khan Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district. The city of Dera Ghazi Khan is itself administratively subdivided into seven Union Councils.[6]

History edit

 
Dera Ghazi Khan International Airport

The region around Dera Ghazi Khan was inhabited by Mallian people in late antiquity . Then it was part of wide Multan region in medieval era (700-1500 CE).[7] The town of Dera Ghazi Khan was founded at the close of the 15th century and named after Nawab Ghazi Khan Mirani, son of Nawab Haji Khan Mirani, the city was founded when Shah Hussain of the Langah Sultanate of Multan invited the Baloch people to settle the region. Together with two other Deras i.e. settlements, Dera Ismail Khan and Dera Fateh Khan, it gave its name to Derajat. Derajat eventually came into the possession of the British after the Sikh War in 1849 and was divided into two districts: Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan.[8] After the independence, many of the city's Hindu residents settled in Derawal Nagar colony of Delhi, India.[9] The district of Rajanpur was later carved out of the Dera Ghazi Khan district.

Based on the surveys of 2004–2005, Dera Ghazi Khan district is considered one of the 20 poorest districts of Pakistan with about 51% of its population living under the poverty line.[10]

Demographics edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951 380,393—    
1961 472,600+2.19%
1972 686,057+3.45%
1981 943,663+3.61%
1998 1,643,118+3.32%
2017 2,872,631+2.98%
2023 3,393,705+2.82%
Sources:[11]

At the time of the 2017 census, Dera Ghazi Khan district had 339,202 households and a population of 2,872,631. Dera Ghazi Khan had a sex ratio of 979 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 46.67% - 59.15% for males and 34.26% for females. 546,221 (19.01%) lived in urban areas. 979,674 (34.10%) were under 10 years of age.[12] In 2023, the district had 454,711 households and a population of 3,393,705.[2]

Religion edit

As per the 2017 census, the vast majority of the population was Muslim and made up nearly the entire population with 99.89%. Ahmadis made up the largest minority (0.09%) with Christians and Hindus making up the rest.[12]

Religion in Dera Ghazi Khan District[a]
Religion Population (1941)[13]: 42  Percentage (1941)
Islam   512,678 88.19%
Hinduism  [b] 67,423 11.6%
Sikhism   1,072 0.18%
Christianity   137 0.02%
Others [c] 40 0.01%
Total Population 581,350 100%

Languages edit

Languages of Dera Ghazi Khan district (2017)[12]

  Saraiki (81.00%)
  Balochi (14.69%)
  Urdu (2.59%)
  Others (1.82%)

At the time of the 2017 census, 81.00% of the population spoke Saraiki, 14.69% Balochi and 2.59% Urdu as their first language.[12]

Notable people edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "D.G.Khan | Punjab Portal".
  2. ^ a b "TABLE 1 : HOUSEHOLDS, POPULATION, HOUSEHOLD SIZE AND ANNUAL GROWTH RATE" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2023.
  3. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan – Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  4. ^ Pakistan Government – List of Tehsils Archived 5 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan – Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  7. ^ Durrani, Ashiq Muhammad Khān (1991). History of Multan: From the Early Period to 1849 A.D. Vanguard. ISBN 978-969-402-045-7.
  8. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dera Ghazi Khan" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 64.
  9. ^ "Colonies, posh and model in name only!". NCR Tribune. Retrieved 16 December 2007.
  10. ^ Haroon Jamal (June 2007). Income Poverty at District Level: An Application of Small Area Estimation Technique (PDF) (Report). Social Policy and Development Centre. pp. 15–18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951-1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  12. ^ a b c d "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  13. ^ "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  1. ^ Historic district borders may not be an exact match in the present-day due to various bifurcations to district borders — which since created new districts — throughout the historic Punjab Province region during the post-independence era that have taken into account population increases.
  2. ^ 1941 census: Including Ad-Dharmis
  3. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or not stated

External links edit

29°50′N 70°30′E / 29.833°N 70.500°E / 29.833; 70.500