Departments of the Government of the United Kingdom

The Government of the United Kingdom is divided into departments that each have responsibility, according to the government, for putting government policy into practice.[1] There are currently 24 ministerial departments, 20 non-ministerial departments, and 422 agencies and other public bodies, for a total of 465 departments.[2]

Ministerial departments

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Ministerial departments are generally the most high-profile government departments and differ from the other two types of government departments in that they include ministers. A list of all ministerial departments is shown below.

Ministerial department Minister responsible Civil servant responsible Ref.
Attorney General's Office   The Rt Hon The Lord Hermer PC KC
Attorney General for England and Wales and Advocate General for Northern Ireland
Douglas Wilson OBE
Director-General
[3][4]
Cabinet Office   The Rt Hon Pat McFadden MP
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

The Rt Hon Simon Case CVO
Cabinet Secretary, Head of the Civil Service

Catherine Little CB
Permanent Secretary

[5]
Department for Business and Trade   The Rt Hon Jonathan Reynolds MP
Secretary of State for Business and Trade and President of the Board of Trade
Gareth Davies CB
Permanent Secretary
[6][7]
Department for Culture, Media and Sport   The Rt Hon Lisa Nandy MP
Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
Susannah Storey
Permanent Secretary
[8][9]
Department for Education   The Rt Hon Bridget Phillipson MP
Secretary of State for Education
Susan Acland-Hood
Permanent Secretary
[10][11]
Department for Energy Security and Net Zero   The Rt Hon Ed Miliband MP
Secretary of State for Energy Security and Net Zero
Jeremy Pockington CB
Permanent Secretary
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs   The Rt Hon Steve Reed OBE MP
Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Tamara Finkelstein CB
Permanent Secretary
[12][13]
Department for Science, Innovation and Technology   The Rt Hon Peter Kyle MP
Secretary of State for Science, Innovation and Technology
Sarah Munby
Permanent Secretary
Department for Transport   The Rt Hon Louise Haigh MP
Secretary of State for Transport
Dame Bernadette Kelly DCB
Permanent Secretary
[14][15]
Department for Work and Pensions   The Rt Hon Liz Kendall MP
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Sir Peter Schofield KCB
Permanent Secretary
[16][17]
Department of Health and Social Care   The Rt Hon Wes Streeting MP
Secretary of State for Health and Social Care
Sir Chris Wormald KCB
Permanent Secretary
[18][19]
Export Credits Guarantee Department
(trading as UK Export Finance)
  The Rt Hon Jonathan Reynolds MP
Secretary of State for Business and Trade and President of the Board of Trade
Tim Reid
Chief Executive
[20][21]
Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office   The Rt Hon David Lammy MP
Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs
Sir Philip Barton KCMG OBE
Permanent Secretary
[22][23]
HM Treasury   The Rt Hon Rachel Reeves MP
Chancellor of the Exchequer and Second Lord of the Treasury
James Bowler CB
Permanent Secretary
[24][25]
Home Office   The Rt Hon Yvette Cooper MP
Secretary of State for the Home Department
Sir Matthew Rycroft KCMG CBE
Permanent Secretary
[26][27]
Ministry of Defence   The Rt Hon John Healey MP
Secretary of State for Defence
David Williams CB
Permanent Secretary
[28][29]
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government   The Rt Hon Angela Rayner MP
Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government and Deputy Prime Minister
Sarah Healey CB CVO
Permanent Secretary
[30][31]
Ministry of Justice   The Rt Hon Shabana Mahmood KC MP
Secretary of State for Justice and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain[32][33]
Dame Antonia Romeo DCB
Permanent Secretary & Clerk of the Crown in Chancery
[34]
Northern Ireland Office   The Rt Hon Hilary Benn MP
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Julie Harrison
Permanent Secretary
[35]
Office of the Advocate General for Scotland Yet to be announced [36][37][38]
Advocate General for Scotland
Neil Taylor
Director & Solicitor to the Advocate General[39]
[40]
Office of the Leader of the House of Commons[n 1]   The Rt Hon Lucy Powell MP[41][42]
Leader of the House of Commons and Lord President of the Council
N/A [43]
Office of the Leader of the House of Lords[n 1]   The Rt Hon The Baroness Smith of Basildon PC[41][44]
Leader of the House of Lords and Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal
N/A [45]
Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland   The Rt Hon Ian Murray MP[36][46]
Secretary of State for Scotland
Laurence Rockey
Director
[47]

[48]

Office of the Secretary of State for Wales   The Rt Hon Jo Stevens MP
Secretary of State for Wales
Glynne Jones CBE
Director[49]
[50]

Non-ministerial departments

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Non-ministerial departments are headed by civil servants and usually have a regulatory or inspection function.[51] A list of all non-ministerial departments is shown below.

Non-ministerial department Ref.
Charity Commission for England and Wales
Competition and Markets Authority
Crown Prosecution Service
Food Standards Agency
Forestry Commission
Government Actuary's Department
Government Legal Department
HM Land Registry
HM Revenue & Customs
National Savings and Investments
The National Archives
National Crime Agency
Office of Rail and Road
Office of Gas and Electricity Markets
Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation
Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills
Serious Fraud Office
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom
UK Statistics Authority
Water Services Regulation Authority

Agencies and other public bodies

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Government departments in this third and final category can generally be split into five types:[51]

  • Executive agencies, which usually provide government services rather than decide policy
  • Executive non-departmental public bodies, which do work for the government in specific areas
  • Advisory non-departmental public bodies, which provide independent and expert advice to ministers
  • Tribunal non-departmental public bodies, which are part of the justice system and have jurisdiction over a specific area of the law
  • Independent monitoring boards, which are responsible for the running of prisons and the treatment of prisoners

See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ a b Part of the Cabinet Office.

References

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  1. ^ "How government works". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Departments, agencies and public bodies". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 8 January 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  3. ^ "Attorney General". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  4. ^ "Attorney General's Office". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  5. ^ "The Cabinet Secretary has appointed Cat Little as the new Permanent Secretary to the Cabinet Office". GOV.UK.
  6. ^ "Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10 November 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Sarah Munby". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Sarah Healey". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Secretary of State for Education". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Susan Acland-Hood". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 22 February 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Tamara Finkelstein". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 March 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Secretary of State for Transport". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  15. ^ "Bernadette Kelly CB". GOV.UK. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  16. ^ "Secretary of State for Work and Pensions". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  17. ^ "Peter Schofield". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Secretary of State for Health and Social Care". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  19. ^ "Sir Chris Wormald KCB". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  20. ^ "Secretary of State for International Trade and President of the Board of Trade". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  21. ^ "UK Export Finance". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  22. ^ "Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2 September 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  23. ^ "Sir Philip Barton KCMG OBE". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  24. ^ "Chancellor of the Exchequer". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  25. ^ "Tom Scholar". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  26. ^ "Secretary of State for the Home Department". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  27. ^ "Matthew Rycroft CBE". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  28. ^ "Secretary of State for Defence". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  29. ^ "David Williams". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  30. ^ "Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 March 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  31. ^ "Jeremy Pocklington". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  32. ^ "Responsibilities: Oversight of all portfolios and Ministry of Justice strategy" [1]
  33. ^ "The Rt Hon Alex Chalk KC MP". GOV.UK.
  34. ^ "Antonia Romeo". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  35. ^ "Permanent Secretary for the Northern Ireland Office". Retrieved 18 November 2023.
  36. ^ a b "The Scotland Office and Office of the Advocate General for Scotland report to the Secretary of State for Scotland and the Advocate General for Scotland respectively." [2]
  37. ^ "HM Advocate General for Scotland - GOV.UK". gov.uk.
  38. ^ "Lord Stewart of Dirleton QC". GOV.UK.
  39. ^ "The Director of OAG is responsible for overseeing all legal services provided by OAG to the UK government, and for overseeing delivery of OAG's objectives as set out in its Business Plan." [3]
  40. ^ "Office of the Advocate General for Scotland". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  41. ^ a b "List of Ministerial Responsibilities Including Executive Agencies and Non-Ministerial Departments" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk. July 2023.
  42. ^ "About us". Office of the Leader of the House of Commons. gov.uk.
  43. ^ "Office of the Leader of the House of Commons". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  44. ^ "About us".
  45. ^ "Office of the Leader of the House of Lords". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  46. ^ "Secretary of State for Scotland - GOV.UK". gov.uk.
  47. ^ "Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 21 January 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  48. ^ "Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland". Retrieved 6 July 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  49. ^ "Glynne Jones CBE". GOV.UK.
  50. ^ "Office of the Secretary of State for Wales". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 22 January 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  51. ^ a b "How government works". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
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