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Liu Cixin (simplified Chinese: 刘慈欣; traditional Chinese: 劉慈欣; pinyin: Liú Cíxīn; born 23 June 1963)[1] is a Chinese science fiction writer.[2] He is a nine-time winner of the Galaxy Award (China's most prestigious literary science fiction award), winner of the 2015 Hugo Award (for The Three-Body Problem) and the 2017 Locus Award (for Death's End) as well as a nominee for the Nebula Award.[3] Liu's work is considered hard science fiction. In English translations of his works, his name is given in the form Cixin Liu.

Liu Cixin
Geek Bar Tor authors event - Cixin Liu (18397919319).jpg
Born (1963-06-23) 23 June 1963 (age 55)
Yangquan, Shanxi, China
OccupationScience fiction writer, engineer
NationalityChinese
Period1999–present
GenreHard science fiction
Notable worksThe Three-Body Problem, Remembrance of Earth's Past (Three-Body trilogy)
Liu Cixin
Traditional Chinese劉慈欣
Simplified Chinese刘慈欣

Contents

LifeEdit

Liu Cixin was born on 23 June 1963 in Yangquan, Shanxi. Liu's parents worked in a mine in Shanxi. Due to the violence of the Cultural Revolution he was sent to live in his ancestral home in Luoshan County, Henan.[4]

Liu graduated from the North China University of Water Conservancy and Electric Power in 1988. He then worked as a computer engineer at a power plant in the Shanxi province.[5]

Liu is married and has a daughter. His wife and daughter almost never read his works.[6]

WritingEdit

Liu cites British authors George Orwell and Arthur C. Clarke as important literary influences.[7] He was labeled the first cyberpunk Chinese author after his novel, China 2185, was published in 1989.[8]

Liu's most famous work, The Three-Body Problem, was published in 2007 (it is the first novel in the Remembrance of Earth's Past trilogy). American author Ken Liu's 2014 translation (published by Tor Books) won the 2015 Hugo Award for Best Novel.[9] Liu Cixin thus became the first author from Asia to win Best Novel.[10] The German translation (which included some portions of the original text not included in the English translation) followed in 2016.[11] Ken Liu also translated the third volume of the Remembrance of Earth's Past series, Death's End, in 2016, which was a 2017 Hugo Award for Best Novel finalist and won a 2017 Locus Award for Best Science Fiction Novel.

A cinematic adaptation of The Three-Body Problem has been postponed.[12] In March 2018, Amazon was rumored to be negotiating for the rights to the project.[13][14] However, YooZoo Pictures released a statement in response stating that it was the "sole owner of the rights for film and TV series adaptations."[14] Although it "was originally scheduled to be released in 2017," the project "was postponed indefinitely due to the company's internal shuffling and the rumored 'bad quality' of the film's first cut."[14]

The cinematic adaptation of his short story The Wandering Earth was released in China on February 5, 2019,[15] which became the second highest grossing film in the Chinese box office within 2 weeks.[16]

BibliographyEdit

NovelsEdit

Short story collectionsEdit

  • The Longest Fall (地球大炮) (1998)
  • The Micro-Age (微纪元) (1998)
  • The Whale's song (鲸歌) (1999)
  • With Her Eyes (带上她的眼睛) (1999; republished 2004)
  • Inferno (地火) (2000)
  • The Wandering Earth (流浪地球) (2000)
  • The Rural Teacher (乡村教师) (2001)
  • Full Spectrum Barrage Jamming (全频带阻塞干扰) (2001)
  • Devourer (吞食者) (2002)
  • The Glory and the Dream (光荣与梦想) (2003)
  • Of Ants and Dinosaurs (白垩纪往事) (2003)
  • The Wages of Humanity (赡养人类) (2005)
  • Mountain (山) (2006)
  • Migration across Time (时间移民) (2014)
  • 2018 (2014)
  • Sea of Dreams(梦之海) (2015)
  • Weight Of Memories (2016)

AwardsEdit

Awards
2006 Yinhe (Galaxy Award (China)) Awarded
2015 Ignotus Awards for Foreign Short Stories Nominated[17]
2015 Hugo Award for Best Novel Awarded[18]
2014 Nebula Award for Best Novel Nominated[19]
2015 Locus Award for Best SF Novel Nominated[20]
2015 Prometheus Award Nominated[21]
2015 John W. Campbell Memorial Award Nominated[22]
2016-2017 Canopus Awards Nominated[23]
2017 Kurd-Laßwitz-Preis for Best Foreign SF work Awarded[24]
2017 Premio Ignotus for Foreign Novel Awarded[25]
2017 Grand Prix de l'Imaginaire for Foreign Novel Nominated[26]
2017 Hugo Award for Best Novel Nominated
2017 Locus Award for Best Science Fiction Novel Awarded[27]
2017 Dragon Awards for Best Science Fiction Novel Nominated[28]
2018 Arthur C. Clarke Award for Imagination in Service to Society Awarded[29]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Summary Bibliography: Cixin Liu
  2. ^ What lies beyond By Chitralekha Basu and Guo Shuhan, China Daily
  3. ^ Awards for Chinese-language science fictions announced
  4. ^ Three Body Problem: Author's postscript to the American Edition
  5. ^ Even what doesn’t happen is epic
  6. ^ "刘慈欣:《三体》的成功只是特例". news.ifeng.com. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  7. ^ This Is What It's Like To Write Science Fiction Novels in China - io9 - Gizmodo
  8. ^ Martin, Nicolas (2018-11-02). "Le corps cybernétique : quand la SF s'incarne". France Culture (in French). Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  9. ^ 2015 Hugo Awards
  10. ^ Chen, Andrea. "Out of this world: Chinese sci-fi author Liu Cixin is Asia's first writer to win Hugo award for best novel." South China Morning Post. Monday 24 August 2015. Retrieved on 27 August 2015.
  11. ^ "Deutsche Übersetzung von "The Three-Body Problem" könnte nächsten Herbst erscheinen" (in German). China Internet Information Center. September 1, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  12. ^ CaixinOnline (June 23, 2016). "Premiere of Film based on Acclaimed Sci-fi Novel 'The Three-Body Problem' Pushed Back until 2017". english.entgroup.cn. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  13. ^ Amazon’s Reportedly Dropping $1 Billion for a TV Show to Rival Game of Thrones
  14. ^ a b c Zhou, Jing (23 March 2018). "Rights holder won't give up 'Three-Body' series". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  15. ^ gbtimes.com https://gbtimes.com/film-based-on-three-body-problem-writers-sci-fi-story-set-for-february-release-in-china. Retrieved 2019-02-18. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "The Wandering Earth is now the second-highest grossing movie in Chinese history". shanghaiist. 2019-02-18. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  17. ^ "2015 Ignotus Awards Winners". Locus Online. 2015-11-10. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  18. ^ Kevin (2015-08-23). "2015 Hugo Award Winners Announced". The Hugo Awards. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  19. ^ "2014 Nebula Awards Nominees Announced". SFWA. 2015-02-20. Archived from the original on 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  20. ^ Publications, Locus. "Locus Online News » 2015 Locus Awards Winners". www.locusmag.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  21. ^ Publications, Locus. "Locus Online News » 2015 Prometheus Award Winner". www.locusmag.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  22. ^ Publications, Locus. "Locus Online News » 2015 Campbell and Sturgeon Awards Winners". www.locusmag.com. Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  23. ^ "2016-2017 Canopus Awards Finalists". Locus Online. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  24. ^ Publications, Locus. "Locus Online News » 2017 Kurd Laßwitz Preis Winners". www.locusmag.com. Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  25. ^ "2017 Premio Ignotus Winners". Locus Online. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  26. ^ Publications, Locus. "Locus Online News » Grand Prix de l'Imaginaire 2017 Winners". www.locusmag.com. Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  27. ^ "2017 Locus Awards Winners". Locus Online. 2017-06-24. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  28. ^ "2017 Dragon Awards Winners". Locus Online. 2017-09-05. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  29. ^ "Chinese sci-fi writer Liu Cixin wins Arthur C. Clarke award".

External linksEdit