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Liu Cixin (born 23 June 1963) is a Chinese science fiction writer.[1] He is a nine-time winner of the Galaxy Award (China's most prestigious literary science fiction award) and winner of the Hugo Award.[2] Liu's work is considered hard science fiction. In English translations of his works, his name is given in the form Cixin Liu (tsih-SHIN-l'yoo).

Liu Cixin
Geek Bar Tor authors event - Cixin Liu (18397919319).jpg
Born (1963-06-23) 23 June 1963 (age 54)
Yangquan, Shanxi, China
Occupation Science fiction writer, engineer
Nationality Chinese
Period 1999–present
Genre Hard science fiction
Notable works The Three-Body Problem, Three-Body trilogy
Liu Cixin
Traditional Chinese 劉慈欣
Simplified Chinese 刘慈欣

Contents

BiographyEdit

Born in Beijing in June 1963, he was born in Luoyang, Xinyang City and grew up in Yangquan , Shanxi Province.

In 1985, he graduated from the Department of Hydroelectric Engineering of the North China Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power (now China North China University of Water Resources and Hydropower ).

He joined the work in October 1985 and later served as a computer engineer at Shanxi Niangziguan Power Plant. [12]

In 1989, he created the first edition of the science fiction " Supernova era " and " China 2185, " but did not publish it. [13]

In the 90s of the 20th century, he began to contribute to the magazine " Science and Fiction World ." [14]

In June 1999, for the first time, two works, Whale Song and Microscopic Ending , were published in Science Fiction World . In the same year, the first prize of the 1999 China Science Fiction Galaxy Award was awarded for " Bringing Her Eyes ." [14]

In 2000, he published the short stories " Ground Fire " and " Wandering Earth " and won the China Science Fiction Galaxy Prize with " Wandering Earth ." [14]

In 2001, he published short stories such as " Country Teachers ," " Micro-Earth Times, " and " Full Band Obstruction Interference. " He also received two Galaxy Awards for the first time for his " Comprehensive Band Jamming " and " Village Teacher ." [14]

Liu Cixin

Liu Cixin

From 2002 to 2005, Liu Cixin successively won the China Science Fiction Galaxy Award for a series of short stories and novels. His major works include " Zhao Wen Dao ", " Thinker ", "The Earth Cannon ", "The Poem ", and "The Mirror". " Supporting Humanity " and so on, and in January 2003 and June 2004 have published novels " Supernova era " and " ball lightning ."

In May 2006, the first piece of the three-body science fiction novel “ Three-body ” created by Liu Cixin was serialized in “Science Fiction World” and continued for more than half a year until the end of the year. In the same year, he won the Special Prize for the China Science Fiction Galaxy Award. [14]

At the end of 2007, the series sequel " Three-body 2: Dark Forest " was completed and published in May 2008.

In October 2010, the third book, " Three-body 3: Death and Eternal Life, " was published and won the China Science Fiction Galaxy Award. [14]

In 2011, he won the Best Novel Novel Gold Medal for the Global Chinese Sci-Fi Nebula Award and the “Fast Modern” 2011 Top Five Novels. [14] On October 21st, 2011, he was elected Vice Chairman of Yangquan City as a member of the Writers Association of Yangquan City. [15]

In 2013 with "three-body" by the West-type literature Biennial Awards Gold Award, the Ninth National Excellent Children's Literature Award , the same year to 3.7 million annual royalty income first on the Chinese writer Rich List. [14]

On May 26, 2014, the English version of the "Three-body" trilogy was announced to be published in the United States in October 2014, May 2015 and January 2016 in three steps. [13] In July, he was the jury member of the first "The novel is super nice" type literature prize. [16] In August, it was officially transferred to Yangquan City's Literature and Art Creation Research Office to engage in specialized literary creation and research work. [14] In November, he announced that he had been the producer of the film " Three Body ." [5]

In February 2015, he was nominated for the American Nebula Award for "Three-body" . [17] In March 2015, he took over Tencent’s "Imagine Architect" mobile game. [18] In April 2015, his work " Time Migration " won the "2014 China Good Book" award. [19] In June 2015, he was awarded the 2015 Tencent Academy of Literature Prize “Salary Novelist”. [20]

On August 23, 2015, with the science fiction "Three-Body" won the Hugo Award for best novel in the 73rd World Sci-Fi Awards, it was the first time that Asians won the Hugo Award and it was also China's science fiction that went abroad to the world. An important step. [21] On September 12, 2015, Liu Cixin received the Special Merit Award for the 26th Science Fiction Galaxy Award. [twenty two]

On the evening of October 18, 2015, the 6th Global Chinese Sci-Fi Nebula Awards Ceremony was held in Chengdu. Liu Cixin won the highest achievement award for Chinese sci-fi literature awarded by the Organizing Committee for “Three-body” and was awarded the Special Chinese Sci-Fi Nebula Medal, which is only qualified for writers who have won the Hugo and Nebula Awards, the highest international sci-fi awards. [twenty three]

On January 19, 2016, it was named "2015 China Science News of the Year". [twenty four]

On March 4, 2016, in an interview, he confirmed that he had been elected vice chairman of the Shanxi Provincial Writers Association. [2] Yuan Liying started shooting the teen sci-fi action series “City of Chaos” and Liu Cixin took the producer of the series of films [25] .

In October 2016, Liu Cixin became China's "Mars Ambassador", who spoke for the promotion and promotion of the Chinese Mars Exploration Project Name and Graphic Marking Global Call for Activities. [26]

On April 4, 2017, the list of Hugo Prize candidate novels was announced. Liu Cixin was selected as the best long-term nomination for the Hugo Award for the third part of “The Three Body” (English translation: Liu Yukun) . [27]

On June 25, 2017, Liu Cixin won the world-class science fiction award trajectory award for the best long-fiction science fiction award for "Three-body 3: Death and eternal life." [10]

WritingEdit

Liu's most famous work, The Three-Body Problem, was published in 2007. It was translated into English by Ken Liu and published by Tor Books in November 2014, and won the 2015 Hugo Award for Best Novel.[3] He was the first Asian writer to win "Best Novel".[4] A translation into German, which included some portions of the original text not included in the English translation, followed in 2016.[5]

A film adaptation of The Three-Body Problem was scheduled to be released in 2017.[6]

Creative featuresEdit

Narrative featuresEdit

Liu Cixin inherited the characteristics of intense rhythm and vivid plots in classic science fiction novels, and in a seemingly simple and honest language, reflected the great power of science and nature. Liu Cixin is good at shaping the industrialization process and science and technology into some kind of powerful force. His works are full of heroic feelings. For example, the novel “Wandering Earth” combines the grand themes of natural disasters, technological advancement, and the cosmic dilemma of human survival. The earth has to embark on a tragic expedition to escape the solar system because of the destruction of the sun.

Liu Cixin is also good at using the techniques of "intensive narration" and "time jumping" to speed up the pace of narrative in his works so that the reader's thinking can't catch up with the author's thinking and leave a lot of time vacancies in the narrative process. The opportunity presented to the readers in the development of the game creates a unique sense of history of "thinking on the side of the boat." For example, in the novels of "Ground Fire", "The Devourer" and "Sea of ​​Dreams", the condensed narrative improves the readability of the work, and also increases readers' experience of the ever-changing nature, increasing the readers' coping with science and technology. Crisis confidence.

Characters and emotionsEdit

Liu Cixin’s novels inherited the laws of character creation in classical science fiction novels, that is, whether they are technical experts or ordinary people, they must be pushed to the elite stage of changing the world in the process of social transformation. In "Glory and Dream", the hero Sinny ignited glory and dreams with the cost of life. The most moving part of the work is the final marathon competition. The author uses the way memories and reality are crossed to push the hero's spiritual power to the extreme.

In terms of emotional cues, the main difference between Liu Cixin and other Cenozoic writers is that he has never put the relationship between men and women in the center of emotion (although his men and women's emotions are written in a delicate and mature manner). When love and ideals collide with the country, many people choose the latter. At the same time, plots with a strong sense of classical dedication to science are prominently reflected in many works. In "Bring Her Eyes", though the heroine is confronted with the cruel reality that is forever confined to the depths of the earth, it still displays the heart-warming justice and bravery.

Liu Cixin also made an overall change to the basic formula of setting a beautiful love story in science fiction. In his novel, love is always connected with helplessness. The lovers in "Thinkers" constantly return to the same place during the journey of several decades of life, in search of the same dream. However, in the real world, each of them is helplessly living in their own world. Time gives a strong sense of vicissitudes to this love story, and the kind of wisdom of the universe that the two people love to associate with each other is an infinite long-term contrast to the insignificance of life. This complex "emotion-themed crossover design" is still relatively rare in past science fiction works. Liu Cixin not only updated the relationship between men and women, but also tapped the most important characters in a classical science fiction novel and gave it new value.

Description and creativityEdit

In terms of description techniques, Liu Cixin’s works often have the literary characteristics of the Anglo-American “Space Opera” or the Soviet classic sci-fi. His works are grand and elaborate, and they even feel Tolstoy’s epic flavor: the positive aspect of the big scenes. Describe, the ultimate question of good and evil, face the complexity of the world, but at the same time preserve the pursuit of simple truth. In Death and Immortality, Liu Cixin described the doomsday of the solar system: an instrument like a small piece of paper “two-way foil” changed the basic structure of time and space, and the entire solar system began to fall from three-dimensional to a two-dimensional plane and gradually became A huge picture. This description is very ambitious, difficult to grasp, but also has a serious logic and details, so that readers feel very shocked.

Many of the sci-fi images in Liu Cixin’s works are full of humanism and idealism. In the novel “The Poem Cloud”, an alien with super technical capabilities and viewing humans as bugs accidentally became obsessed with the old style poems of the Chinese people at the time of the destruction of the earth’s civilization. He incarnates “Li Bai” and exhausts the energy of the solar system. To create and store all "poetry" composed of all Chinese characters. The universe image in the novel displays a superhuman scale. At the same time, it also contains a rich humanistic color. It also has the noble feeling of the universe that human beings cannot reach, and the humanistic beliefs conveyed by virtue of the art mode itself. This image is both a product of imagination beyond the reality in both the science and the humanities. It not only gives us infinite respect for the starry sky overhead, but also maintains the idealism of human civilization itself.

Liu Cixin often conveys a strong and unique sense of nostalgia to his works. The sci-fi images in his works often have strong industrial colors. Huge groundlessness, magnificent earth engine, and magnificent moon smash, these unique and rough beauty with rich industrialization are strongly reflected in his novels. In addition to nostalgia for classic technology, the past lives have also been traced in the works of Liu Cixin. In some of his works, the modern flavors of Soviet songs, Verne novels, “grand brains”, colorful cartoons, and “nuclear power” “conductors” melted in one oven; frozen bodies, immigration to time, etc. The classic sci-fi theme goes hand-in-hand with the whimsy that treats people on earth as “dish people” (meaning edible humans).

BibliographyEdit

NovelsEdit

Short story collectionsEdit

  • The Longest Fall (地球大炮) (1998)
  • The Micro-Age (微纪元) (1998)
  • The Whale's song (鲸歌) (1999)
  • With Her Eyes (带上她的眼睛) (1999; republished 2004)
  • Inferno (地火) (2000)
  • The Wandering Earth (流浪地球) (2000)
  • The Rural Teacher (乡村教师) (2001)
  • Full Spectrum Barrage Jamming (全频带阻塞干扰) (2001)
  • Devourer (吞食者) (2002)
  • The Glory and the Dream (光荣与梦想) (2003)
  • Of Ants and Dinosaurs (白垩纪往事) (2003)
  • The Wages of Humanity (赡养人类) (2005)
  • Mountain (山) (2006)
  • Migration across Time (时间移民) (2014)
  • 2018 (2014)
  • Sea of Dreams(梦之海) (2015)
  • "Weight Of Memories" (2016)

AwardsEdit

  • Nine-time winner of Science Fiction World's prize Yinhe (Chinese Galaxy) Award: 1999–2006, 2010.
  • World Chinese Science Fiction Association's Xingyun (Nebula) Award for best writer: 2010.
  • 2015 Hugo Award in Best Novel, for English language version of The Three Body Problem
  • 2015 Xingyun Award for Best Achievement[7]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit