City of Industry, California
City of Industry, often referred to simply as Industry, is an industrial suburb of Los Angeles in the San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County, California, United States. Home to over 3,000 businesses and 67,000 jobs, but only 219 residents according to the 2010 census (down from 777 residents in 2000), the city is almost entirely industrial. It was incorporated on June 18, 1957, and has become the economic hub for the San Gabriel Valley.
City of Industry, California
|City of Industry|
Location of Industry in Los Angeles County, California
|Incorporated||June 18, 1957|
|• Mayor||Cory C. Moss |
|• Total||12.06 sq mi (31.25 km2)|
|• Land||11.79 sq mi (30.52 km2)|
|• Water||0.28 sq mi (0.72 km2) 2.31%|
|Elevation||322 ft (98 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||17.39/sq mi (6.72/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
90601, 91714-91716, 91732, 91744-91746, 91748, 91789
|Area codes||562, 626, 909|
|GNIS feature IDs||243853, 2410102|
Industry is located 17.6 miles (28.4 km) east of Los Angeles. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.1 square miles (31 km2), of which 11.8 square miles (31 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square mile (0.78 km2) of it (2.31%) is water. Industry is a suburb of Los Angeles, 22 miles (35 km) driving from downtown.
In 1841, William and Nicolasa Workman, who emigrated with John Rowland and others, received a land grant for Rancho La Puente from the governor of Alta California. The ranch eventually grew to almost 49,000 acres. The Workmans quickly established themselves as cattle ranchers and did well financially during the Gold Rush supplying fresh beef in the gold fields. Following the discovery of oil by their son on land they owned in the Montebello hills, the Workmans' grandson, Walter P. Temple, and his wife, Laura, bought the Workman House and surrounding land in 1917. This property is now known as the Workman and Temple Family Homestead Museum and is a museum in present-day City of Industry that is free and open to the public. In the 1910s, Tract 1343 was created and shows a large portion of today's City boundaries.
The City of Industry was incorporated on June 18, 1957. A little under fifteen years from its incorporation, the City of Industry created a general plan to guide its future development and the 1971 document remains in effect today nearly a half century later. The plan was overseen by planning consultants Gruen Associates, a firm established in 1950 by Austrian-born Victor Gruen, a visionary architect and urban planner. The goals and objectives section of the general plan identified the primary goal of the city as "creating and maintaining an ideal setting for manufacturing, distribution and industrial facilities."
In 1962, the Industry Chamber of Commerce formed and in 1974, the Workman House became a historical landmark. In 1981, the Industry Hills Expo Center opened as a community multi-purpose event facility.
In 1985, the inaugural Charity Pro Rodeo took place, to raise funds for youth in the San Gabriel Valley. The annual Rodeo still takes place annually. In 1991, in partnership with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, the Youth Activities League was formed to offer sports to at-risk children as an alternative to gang activity.
In recognition of the importance of mass transit, the City invested heavily in the development of this Metrolink transit station near the confluence of the 60 and 57 freeways and in 1993, the City of Industry Metrolink Station opened. In 2004, the Environmental Impact Report and Design for the 57/60 Confluence Project was completed. The three-phased program of improvements consists of ramp and interchange reconfigurations as well as the addition of bypass lanes to reduce weaving, resulting in less congestion for the sixth-worst congested and dangerous freeway interchange in the nation.
Government and infrastructureEdit
In the United States House of Representatives, Industry is split between California's 32nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Grace Napolitano and California's 39th congressional district, represented by Democrat Gil Cisneros.
The United States Postal Service City of Industry Post Office is located at 15559 Rausch Rd.
City of Industry's City Council members, composed of five members, are elected at large and the elections are held on a Tuesday after the first Monday in June of odd-numbered years. The city is opposing California's Senate Bill 415, which would force it to change election dates to coincide with Los Angeles County, California, and federal elections in even-numbered years (March effective in 2020 or November), due to a low voter turnout.
The city's zoning is primarily devoted to business: 92% is industrial, 8% is commercial. The few residences in the city either existed before incorporation, are on properties adjacent to either Industry Hills Golf Club, Industry Hills Recreation Center or in a small neighborhood adjacent to City Hall. In addition, there are residents at the El Encanto Healthcare Center, a nursing home owned by the City.
The City of Industry has no business taxes and is primarily funded through retail sales tax from shopping centers located within the city limits, and property tax on parcels within the City. The city has the highest property tax rate in Los Angeles County, at 1.92%. In addition, there is a revenue-generating hillside hotel resort, known as the Pacific Palms Resort (formerly the Industry Hills Sheraton), which is almost completely surrounded by the city of La Puente but actually located in the City of Industry.
City of Industry is a popular investment area for Chinese businesspeople and the city has also emerged as a high-tech import/export center for computer parts, with business links to the Asian marketplace. For convenience many Chinese entrepreneurs and staff live in nearby Rowland Heights, Hacienda Heights, West Covina, Diamond Bar and Walnut.
Some of the companies with headquarters in Industry are:
- Alta Dena
- AMI ClubWear
- CSC Enterprise Corp.
- Dacor (kitchen appliances)
- Emtek Products
- Engineering Model Associates/Plastruct
- Gigabyte Technology Called GBT Co, Ltd. as its corporate name in the United States
- Hot Topic
- iStarUSA Group
- ITC-Diligence, Inc.
- Jada Toys
- Medlock Industries
- Metro United Bank (a subsidiary of MetroCorp Bancshares)
- Public Health Foundation Enterprises, Inc.
- Serec of California
- Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company
- Yum-Yum Donuts
Other businesses with a major presence in the City of Industry include:
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Industry had a population of 219. The population density was 18.2 people per square mile (7.0/km2). The population of Industry was 58.9% White (37.9% Non-Hispanic White), 0.5% Black or African American, and 8.2% Asian. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 52.5% of the population.
The Census reported that 214 people (98% of the population) lived in households, 5 (2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and none were institutionalized.
There were 69 households, out of which 32 (46%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 37 (54%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7 (10%) had a female householder with no husband present, 9 (13%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3 (4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 (3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Twelve households (17%) were made up of individuals and 6 (9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.1. There were 53 families (77% of all households); the average family size was 3.6.
The population was spread out by age with 59 people (27%) under the age of 18, 25 people (11%) aged 18 to 24, 51 people (23%) aged 25 to 44, 62 people (28%) aged 45 to 64, and 22 people (10%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.
There were 73 housing units at an average density of 6.1 per square mile (2.3/km2), of which 22 (32%) were owner-occupied, and 47 (68%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 6%. Sixty-six people (30% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 148 people (68%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Industry had a median household income of $49,329, with 1.0% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 777 people, 121 households, and 93 families residing in the city. The population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile (25.6/km2). There were 124 housing units at an average density of 10.6 per square mile (4.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55% White, 4% Black or African-American, 3% Native American, 4% Asian, 29% from other races, and 5% from two or more races. Sixty percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 121 households out of which 48% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59% were married couples living together, 14% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23% were non-families. Twenty percent of all households were made up of individuals and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.2 and the average family size was 4.6.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24% under the age of 18, 9% from 18 to 24, 29% from 25 to 44, 19% from 45 to 64, and 19% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 125.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,423, and the median income for a family was $47,321. Males had a median income of $26,016 versus $7,292 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,877. About 17% of families and 15% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
The city is served by three separate school districts:
The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department has a regional station on Hudson Avenue, just off Hacienda Boulevard (shared with the neighboring City of La Puente, and the unincorporated towns of Avocado Heights, Valinda and Bassett), while the county Fire Department uses two stations (#118 on Gale Avenue, and Station #43 on Stimson Avenue on the west side of town).
According to the 2011 FBI uniform crime reports, with a population of 222, Industry had 1,136 known property crimes, giving it the highest average per-resident property crime rate (5.117) in California. The average property crime rate for the entire US that year was 0.029. The same report indicates 44 violent crimes, giving it the second-highest per-resident violent crime rate (0.198) in California.
Workman and Temple Homestead MuseumEdit
The Workman and Temple Family Homestead Museum is located in the City of Industry. It is a historic house and gardens museum of 19th-century and early-20th-century Southern California history and architecture, and of the generations of the Workman-Temple family that were influential here and in the region. The property is entered on the National Register of Historic Places.
Industry is the home of the Puente Hills Mall, a major shopping center that was the "Twin/Lone Pine(s) Mall" in the Back to the Future movie series. Adjacent to the mall's property is a SpeedZone entertainment center, which was featured in a prominent scene of Kevin Smith's Clerks II. A former IKEA store located north of the Puente Hills Mall and across the State Route 60 freeway was used as a shooting location for the final fight scene in Mr. & Mrs Smith. Its exterior was renovated so it could be used for both exterior and interior filming; it was later demolished. The IKEA store later moved to a bigger location in Covina, California, which opened in 2003.
Industry also features a fake McDonald's restaurant that is used strictly for filming movies and commercials. Also in Industry is Vineland Drive-In, one of only two operating drive-in theaters in Los Angeles and Orange County. The city-owned Industry Hills Expo Center is also used for filming.
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