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Churchill County is a county in the western U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,877.[1] Its county seat is Fallon. The county, named for Mexican–American War hero brevet Brigadier General Sylvester Churchill, was formed in 1861.

Churchill County, Nevada
County
Churchill County
ChurchillCourtHouse2.JPG
Flag of Churchill County, Nevada
Flag
Seal of Churchill County, Nevada
Seal
Map of Nevada highlighting Churchill County
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
Founded1861 (created)
1864 (organized)
Named forSylvester Churchill
SeatFallon
Largest cityFallon
Area
 • Total5,024 sq mi (13,012 km2)
 • Land4,930 sq mi (12,769 km2)
 • Water94 sq mi (243 km2), 1.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)24,440
 • Density4.91/sq mi (1.90/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zonePacific: UTC−8/−7
Websitechurchillcounty.org

Churchill County comprises the Fallon, NV Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is in northwestern Nevada.

Churchill County is noteworthy in that it owns and operates the local telephone carrier, Churchill County Communications.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Churchill County was established in 1861, and was named for Fort Churchill (which is now in Lyon County), which was named for General Sylvester Churchill, a Mexican–American War hero who was Inspector General of the U.S. Army in 1861. Churchill County was not organized until 1864, and its first county seat was Bucklands (which is now in Lyon County). In 1864 the county seat was moved to La Plata;[3] in 1868 it was moved to Stillwater; and in 1904 it was settled in its present position, Fallon. In the 19th century there were several attempts to eliminate Churchill County because of its small population, but Assemblyman Lemuel Allen was able to stop it on all occasions including convincing the Governor to veto an 1875 bill after it had been passed by both houses.

RailroadsEdit

The Eagle Salt Works Railroad ran for 13.5 miles (21.7 km), primarily on the original Central Pacific grade from Luva (2 miles (3.2 km) east of Fernley) to Eagle Salt Works.

The Central Pacific portion of the nation's first transcontinental railroad ran through Churchill County, although a portion of the original route has been shifted for a new route south of Wadsworth in favor of Fernley. The Central Pacific later became the Southern Pacific Railroad which was merged into Union Pacific in 1996.

GeographyEdit

The terrain of Churchill County consists of rugged mountainous ridges, dotted with lakes and ponds.[3] The county's east and west sides are higher than the intermediate valley; its highest point around the county periphery is a ridge on the lower east boundary line, at 9,380' (2859m) ASL.[4] The county has a total area of 5,024 square miles (13,010 km2), of which 4,930 square miles (12,800 km2) is land and 94 square miles (240 km2) (1.9%) is water.[5] The county's highest point is Desatoya Peak at 9,977' (3041m), while the most topographically prominent peak is Mount Augusta, at 9,970' (3039m) ASL.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[3]Edit

Lakes and reservoirs[3]Edit

  • Big Water
  • Carson Lake
  • Cattail Lake
  • Division Lake
  • Dog Head Pont
  • Dry Lake
  • Dutch Bill Lake
  • East Alkali Lake Number One
  • East Alkali Lake Number Two
  • Foxtail Lake
  • Goose Lake
  • Humboldt Lake (partial)
  • Lahontan Reservoir
  • Little Soda Lake
  • North Nutgrass Lake
  • Pintail Bay
  • Scheckler Reservoir
  • Soda Lake
  • Stillwater Point Reservoir
  • Swan Creek
  • Swan Lake
  • Tule Lake
  • West Nutgrass
  • Willow Lake

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1870196
1880479144.4%
189070346.8%
190083018.1%
19102,811238.7%
19204,64965.4%
19305,0759.2%
19405,3174.8%
19506,16115.9%
19608,45237.2%
197010,51324.4%
198013,91732.4%
199017,93828.9%
200023,98233.7%
201024,8773.7%
Est. 201824,440[6]−1.8%
US Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2018[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 23,982 people, 8,912 households, and 6,461 families in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.20% White, 1.60% Black or African American, 4.78% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 3.22% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. 8.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,912 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.

The county population contained 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,808, and the median income for a family was $46,624. Males had a median income of $36,478 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,264. About 6.20% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,877 people, 9,671 households, and 6,631 families in the county.[12] The population density was 5.0 inhabitants per square mile (1.9/km2). There were 10,826 housing units at an average density of 2.2 per square mile (0.85/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 82.0% white, 4.5% American Indian, 2.7% Asian, 1.6% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 4.8% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.1% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 19.2% were English, 18.8% were German, 13.6% were Irish, 6.5% were Italian, and 5.9% were American.[14]

Of the 9,671 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.0 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,597 and the median income for a family was $63,599. Males had a median income of $45,057 versus $32,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,997. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Unincorporated places[3]Edit

PoliticsEdit

Lying on the boundary between the northwest urban areas of Nevada and the archconservative Mormon Great Basin, Churchill County has more in common with the latter region, being overwhelmingly Republican. It was one of three Nevada counties to be won by Barry Goldwater in 1964, and since that time only Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Barack Obama in 2008 have passed so much as thirty percent of the county’s ballots. The last occasion Churchill County voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate was when supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt against Wendell Willkie in 1940.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 71.6% 7,830 20.2% 2,210 8.2% 898
2012 68.8% 7,061 28.9% 2,961 2.4% 243
2008 64.4% 6,832 33.0% 3,494 2.6% 279
2004 71.7% 7,335 26.4% 2,705 1.9% 197
2000 70.7% 6,237 24.8% 2,191 4.5% 395
1996 56.3% 4,369 29.4% 2,282 14.3% 1,112
1992 49.5% 3,789 23.1% 1,770 27.5% 2,104
1988 72.9% 4,578 23.6% 1,481 3.6% 224
1984 75.5% 4,479 22.0% 1,304 2.5% 147
1980 72.8% 3,841 20.0% 1,055 7.2% 377
1976 53.0% 2,358 40.5% 1,800 6.5% 288
1972 74.1% 2,970 25.9% 1,038
1968 52.3% 1,954 32.4% 1,211 15.4% 575
1964 50.7% 1,607 49.3% 1,565
1960 57.4% 1,765 42.6% 1,309
1956 65.3% 2,013 34.7% 1,069
1952 68.3% 1,948 31.7% 903
1948 50.8% 1,206 44.5% 1,055 4.7% 111
1944 51.9% 1,130 48.1% 1,046
1940 48.0% 1,171 52.0% 1,267
1936 37.0% 759 63.0% 1,290
1932 30.8% 674 69.3% 1,518
1928 60.0% 1,126 40.0% 751
1924 41.6% 655 19.7% 310 38.7% 608
1920 54.0% 873 31.3% 506 14.7% 237
1916 34.2% 531 53.5% 831 12.3% 191
1912 15.4% 157 34.2% 349 50.4% 515[a]
1908 46.4% 389 45.5% 382 8.1% 68
1904 49.5% 185 44.1% 165 6.4% 24

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 304 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 211 votes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  2. ^ "Churchill County Communications is the only county-owned telephone company in the United States." (accessed 10 February 2019)
  3. ^ a b c d e Churchill County NV Google Maps (accessed 10 February 2019)
  4. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 10 February 2019)
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Geographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

External linksEdit