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U.S. Route 95 (US 95) is a major U.S. highway traversing the U.S. state of Nevada from north to south directly through Las Vegas and providing connections to both Carson City (via US 50) and Reno (via Interstate 80). US 95 is cosigned with Interstate 80 for 95 miles (153 km) between a junction in Trinity and Winnemucca before heading north into Oregon at McDermitt.

U.S. Route 95 marker

U.S. Route 95
Veterans Memorial Highway
Route information
Maintained by NDOT
Length646.71 mi[2] (1,040.78 km)
508.410 miles (818.207 km) independent of other routes[1]
Existed1940–present
Major junctions
South end US 95 at California state line near Cal-Nev-Ari
 
North end US 95 at the Oregon state line in McDermitt
Location
CountiesClark, Nye, Esmeralda, Mineral, Lyon, Churchill, Pershing, Humboldt
Highway system
  • Highways in Nevada
US 93SR 115

Along much of its course through Nevada, US 95 has signs designating it as the Veterans Memorial Highway. A portion of the route in Las Vegas northwest of downtown is also called the Oran K. Gragson Freeway, named for the Las Vegas mayor who advocated for construction of that portion of freeway in the 1960s.[3]

Route descriptionEdit

U.S. Route 95 enters Nevada near Cal-Nev-Ari in Clark County and heads north towards Railroad Pass, where it meets Interstate 11 and US 93. The three routes are then co-signed in the Las Vegas Valley and east of Henderson, I-11 and I-515 are co-signed with US 93/95 for its entire route around the eastern Las Vegas Valley. I-11 ends at the Henderson Spaghetti Bowl (also known as the Hender-Bender) interchange of Interstate 215 and SR 564 and Interstate 515 begins.[4] The freeway then heads west into Downtown Las Vegas, where it intersects Interstate 15. At the Spaghetti Bowl interchange, US 93 follows I-15 northbound and I-515 ends. US 95 heads west, then north at the Rainbow Curve. The freeway portion then ends at Corn Creek Road northwest of the Las Vegas Valley and then it becomes a brief four-lane divided highway. US 95 exits Clark County and heads into eastern Nye County for 107 miles. The four-lane divided highway ends past the Mercury interchange. It then enters Esmeralda and continues for 44 miles before meeting US 6 in Tonopah, back in Nye County. US 6/95 leave Tonopah, after two miles, enters Esmeralda County again and heads west for 41 miles (66 km) until Coaldale, where US 6 splits west towards California and its western terminus at US 395 in Bishop, California. US 95 then heads northwest towards Hawthorne and Schurz, where US 95 Alternate splits west towards US 50, providing an alternate route towards Carson City and Reno. US 95 itself goes north towards Fallon, where it intersects US 50. US 95 meets Interstate 80 and US 95 Alternate about halfway between Lovelock and Fernley. The two routes then run concurrently for 95 miles (153 km) until reaching Winnemucca, where US 95 splits from I-80 and follows Interstate 80 Business into downtown Winnemucca. In downtown Winnemucca, US 95 turns north in the general direction of Paradise Valley, leaving Interstate 80 Business to follow SR 289 east. North of Winnemucca, US 95 meets the eastern terminus of SR 140, which connects to Lakeview (U.S. Route 395) and Klamath Falls, Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. US 95 finally exits Nevada at McDermitt and heads into Oregon.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
I-80/US 95 concurrency near Winnemucca

Extension into NevadaEdit

When the original plan for the U.S. highway system was adopted by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) in 1926, US 95 was one of the routes created. At that time, however, the route only existed in Idaho from the Canada–United States border near Eastport to Weiser near the Oregon state line.[6] A proposal to extend US 95 south to Winnemucca was considered by AASHO in 1937; however, action was deferred due to incomplete sections in Oregon. AASHO reconsidered the idea at its meeting on June 28, 1939, as part of a larger plan to extend the highway south to Blythe, California. This plan was adopted, officially establishing US 95 throughout Nevada effective January 1, 1940.[6] The route was marked along several preexisting state highways as follows:[7][8]

The Nevada portion of US 95 covered a distance of approximately 686 miles (1,104 km). The entire route was on paved roads, except for a small portion of SR 5 between the California state line and Searchlight.[8]

 
I-80 Bus./US 95 concurrency in downtown Winnemucca

Fallon to Winnemucca realignmentEdit

When U.S. Route 95 was designated through Nevada, it avoided using a shorter alignment between Winnemucca and Fallon. The northern segment of State Route 1A had been previously established running north from Fallon to connect with US 40 southwest of Lovelock. At the time, however, this portion of SR 1A was mostly an unimproved road.[8] State Route 1A had been completely paved by 1959,[9] and the US 95 designation was moved over it by 1960. This new alignment eliminated the need to drive west to Fernley and then double back eastward, shortening the highway's length by about 26 miles (42 km).[10]

When US 95 was realigned, the former route via Fernley was redesignated as alternate route. This would be the second highway to bear this designation, as another U.S. Route 95 Alternate had been created between Schurz and Fernley years earlier.[10] The two separate alternate routes would continue to meet in Fernley until circa 1978, when U.S. Route 50 Alternate replaced the section of US 95 Alternate (original US 95) heading east towards Fallon.[11]

 
View from US 95 near Tonopah, Nevada

Improvements in the Las Vegas metro areaEdit

When US 95 was extended through the Las Vegas Valley around 1940, it used the existing roadways traversed by State Route 5. Crossing the valley from the southeast, the U.S. highway traveled along Boulder Highway (now SR 582) through Henderson and the town of Whitney. Reaching the city limits of Las Vegas, the road changed names to Fremont Street as it headed into downtown. The route followed Las Vegas Boulevard northward briefly before going west on Bonanza Road (now SR 579). US 95 finally turned northwest on Rancho Drive (now SR 599), which became the Tonopah Highway as it traveled northwest out of the Vegas valley.[1][12] Over the years, this routing of US 95 along city streets would slowly be replaced with newer, high-speed facilities.

Las Vegas ExpresswayEdit

Elected in 1959, Las Vegas mayor Oran K. Gragson began advocating for regional street and planning initiatives in the growing Las Vegas Valley.[13] In the early 1960s, Gragson had become instrumentally involved in planning what was then referred to as the "West Fremont Expressway".[14] By 1968, the expressway was beginning to take shape, beginning at Las Vegas Boulevard downtown, interchanging with Interstate 15 and spurring west towards Rancho Drive.[15]

 
Northbound US 95 between Beatty and Scotty's Junction

The Las Vegas Expressway was slowly constructed over the next decade, reaching west to Rainbow Boulevard by 1978.[16] A northward extension, linking the expressway to the Tonopah Highway northwest of downtown was completed around 1980.[17] By 1982, US 95 was moved from Rancho Drive to the completed expressway alignment.[18] Also in 1982, as the result of a petition drive, the new US 95 expressway was renamed to the "Oran K. Gragson Expressway" in honor of the four-term mayor.[13] The Nevada Department of Transportation now recognizes this portion of US 95 as the "Oran K. Gragson Freeway".[19]

 
View south along U.S. Route 95 approaching I-15, I-515 and US 93 in Las Vegas in 2015

Henderson spurEdit

The first section of the future I-515 freeway in Las Vegas opened from the east end of the 1968-era Las Vegas Expressway at Las Vegas Boulevard to Charleston Boulevard in 1984. It was extended south to Boulder Highway (at current exit 70) by 1986. US 95 was moved from Las Vegas Boulevard, Fremont Street, and Boulder Highway onto the new freeway at that time. As additional sections of freeway were completed, both US 95 and the concurrently routed US 93 were moved to the new facility. The I-515 designation was added in 1990, but not widely signed until the completion of the entire freeway to just north of Railroad Pass in 1994. The former alignment on Fremont Street and Boulder Highway is now SR 582, though some portions of that route are now being decommissioned by the state and turned over to local entities for maintenance.

In May 2006, the (freeway-to-freeway) interchange was completed to replace the former diamond junction at Lake Mead Parkway/SR 564 (formerly known as Lake Mead Drive) and the I-215/Bruce Woodbury Beltway. The interchange at Galleria Drive (exit 64B) was opened on November 4, 2009, resulting in the renumbering of the existing junction at Sunset Road (from exit 64 to exit 64A).

FutureEdit

 
Future I-11 in Nevada

US 95 is part of a proposed northwestward extension of Interstate 11 (I-11) from Las Vegas. The interstate highway would primarily follow the US 95 corridor through central and northwestern Nevada, extending to I-80 near Reno and Sparks via Tonopah. In 2018, the Nevada Department of Transportation had initiated public outreach regarding its long-range planning efforts to narrow down options for the future I-11 corridor.[20][21]

Major intersectionsEdit

Note: Mileposts in Nevada reset at county lines. The start and end mileposts for each county are given in the county column.

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
Clark
CL 0.00–132.14
00.0  US 95 south – NeedlesContinuation into California
11.6  SR 163 east (Laughlin Highway) – Laughlin, Davis Dam
Searchlight2032  SR 164 west (Nipton Road) / Cottonwood Cove Road – Nipton, Cottonwood Cove
4674  SR 165 east (Nelson Road) – Nelson
Boulder City   I‑11 south (Boulder City Bypass, Purple Heart Highway) / US 93 south / SR 173 north (Veterans Memorial Highway north) – Kingman, PhoenixInterchange; northern end of Veterans Memorial Highway concurrency; southern end of I-11/US 93 concurrency; I-11 exit 14
Southern end of freeway
Boulder City to HendersonUS 95 overlaps with I-11 and US 93 (exits 14 to 23)
Henderson to Las VegasUS 95 overlaps with I-515 and US 93 (exits 62 to 76)
Las Vegas76   I‑15 (Las Vegas Freeway) / US 93 north – Los Angeles, Salt Lake CityNorthern end of I-515/US 93 concurrency; southern end of Oran K. Gragson Freeway and US 95 HOV lane; HOV access to I-15 south; signed as exits 76A (south) and 76B (north) northbound and exits 76A (north) and 76B (south) southbound; I-15 exit 42
76CMartin L. King BoulevardSouthbound exit is part of exit 76B
77 
  US 95 Bus. north (Rancho Drive, Veterans Memorial Highway north, SR 599)
Northern end of Veterans Memorial Highway concurrency; former US 95 north
78Valley View BoulevardSouthbound exit is part of exit 79
79Decatur Boulevard
80Jones Boulevard (SR 596)
81Summerlin Parkway (SR 613 west), Rainbow Boulevard (SR 595 south)Signed as exits 81A (Summerlin Parkway), 81B (Rainbow Boulevard) and 81C (Summerlin Parkway HOV) northbound; no southbound HOV access to Summerlin Parkway
82Lake Mead BoulevardSigned as exits 82A (east) and 82B (west/Rainbow Boulevard) northbound
83Cheyenne Avenue (SR 574 east)
85Craig Road (SR 573 east)
90A 
  US 95 Bus. south (Rancho Drive, Veterans Memorial Highway south, SR 599 south)
Northern end of Oran K. Gragson Freeway; southern end of Veterans Memorial Highway concurrency; no southbound entrance; southbound exit is part of exit 91; former US 95 south
90BAnn RoadSouthbound exit is part of exit 91
91Centennial Center BoulevardSouthbound exit and entrance
91A  CC 215 (Bruce Woodbury Beltway)No southbound exit; future I-215; interchange under construction for CC 215 east on US 95 south and CC 215 west on US 95 north; CC 215 exit 38
91BBuffalo DriveNorthbound exit and entrance
92Elkhorn RoadNorthbound HOV exit and southbound HOV entrance
93Durango DriveNorthern end of US 95 HOV lane; also signed southbound as To CC 215
95Skye Canyon Park Drive
92.36148.6496  SR 157 west (Kyle Canyon Road) / Sky Pointe Drive – Mount CharlestonDiverging diamond interchange
Las Vegas Paiute Indian Reservation99Snow Mountain (Nu-Wav Kaiv Boulevard, Snow Mountain Road)
Northern end of freeway
Corn Creek Road – Corn Creek
106.00170.59  SR 156 west (Lee Canyon Road) – Lee Canyon, Mount Charleston
Nye
NY 0.00–107.24
69.7Mercury (Mercury Highway)Interchange; restricted area; serves Nevada National Security Site
1423  SR 160 east (Pahrump Valley Highway) – Pahrump
Amargosa Valley3048  SR 373 south (Death Valley Junction Road) – Death Valley Junction
Beatty6097  SR 374 south (Death Valley Road, Main Street) – Rhyolite, Death Valley
95153  SR 267 west (Scotty's Castle Road) – Scotty's Castle
Esmeralda
ES 0.00–44.20
46.4  SR 266 west (Lida Road) – Lida
Nye
NY 151.41–152.63
Tonopah152.63245.63  US 6 east (Grand Army of the Republic Highway, Theodore Roosevelt Highway) – Austin, ElySouthern end of US 6 concurrency; US 95 milepost uses US 6
Esmeralda
ES 57.74–19
85.40–99.08
2540  SR 265 south (Silver Peak Road) – Silver Peak
Coaldale85.40137.44  US 6 west (Grand Army of the Republic Highway, Theodore Roosevelt Highway) – BishopNorthern end of US 6 concurrency; US 95 milepost resumes past US 6
Mineral
MI 0.00–92.56
711  SR 360 south (Mina–Basalt Cutoff Road) – Bishop
Luning25.3640.81  SR 361 north (Gabbs Valley Road) – Gabbs
Hawthorne49.0078.86 
  US 95 Truck north (Freedom Road)
Hazardous material route around Hawthorne
5080  SR 359 south (E Street, Pole Line Road) – Lee Vining, Bridgeport
5080 
  US 95 Truck south (Freedom Road)
Hazardous material route around Hawthorne
Schurz83.16133.83 
  US 95 Alt. north – Yerington, Carson City, Reno
Lyon
No major junctions
Churchill
CH 0.00–59.02
1727Pasture Road (SR 120 east)
2134Lone Tree Road (SR 718 west)
2134Berney Road (SR 119 east)
2235Union Lane (SR 720 east) – Naval Air Station Fallon
Fallon25.0740.35  SR 117 west (Sheckler Road)
2642  US 50 west (East Williams Avenue, Lincoln Highway) – Carson City, Fernley, RenoSouthern end of US 50 concurrency
  US 50 east (East Williams Avenue, Lincoln Highway) – Austin, ElyNorthern end of US 50 concurrency
Old River Road (SR 726 east)
59.0294.98  
   I‑80 west (Dwight D. Eisenhower Highway, Purple Heart Trail) / US 95 Alt. south – Fernley, Reno, Yerington
Interchange; southern end of I-80 concurrency; I-80 exit 83
 US 95 overlaps with I-80 (exits 83 to 176)
Humboldt
HU 0.00–73.76
Winnemucca  I‑80 east (Dwight D. Eisenhower Highway, Purple Heart Trail) – Battle Mountain, Elko, Salt Lake CityInterchange; northern end of I-80 concurrency; southern end of I-80 Bus. concurrency; I-80 exit 176
Hanson Street (SR 787 east)
   I‑80 Bus. east (East Winnemucca Boulevard) / SR 289 northNorthern end of I-80 Bus. concurrency
  SR 795 south (Reinhart Lane)
Paradise Hill  SR 290 north (Paradise Valley Road) – Paradise Valley
  SR 140 west (Denio Road, Adel/Oregon Road) – Denio, Lakeview
Orovada  SR 293 west (Kings River Valley Road) – Kings River Valley
McDermitt73.76118.71  US 95 north (ION Highway) – BoiseContinuation into Oregon
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Special routesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Nevada Department of Transportation (January 2013). "State Maintained Highways of Nevada: Descriptions and Maps". Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  2. ^ Federal Highway Administration, National Highway Planning Network GIS data version 2005.08
  3. ^ "Named Highways of Nevada 2017". Nevada Department of Transportation.
  4. ^ Akers, Mick (September 9, 2017). "More Interstate 11 signs on the way - Las Vegas Sun Newspaper". lasvegassun.com.
  5. ^ Google Maps street maps and USGS topographic maps, accessed December 2007 via ACME Mapper
  6. ^ a b "U.S. 95 and Idaho's North and South Highway". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. 17 Oct 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
  7. ^ Official Road Map of the State of Nevada (Map) (1939 ed.). Nevada Department of Highways. Retrieved February 19, 2010.[dead link]
  8. ^ a b c Official Road Map of the State of Nevada (Map) (1940 ed.). Nevada Department of Highways. Retrieved February 19, 2010.[dead link]
  9. ^ Official Highway Map of Nevada (Map) (1959 ed.). Nevada Department of Highways. § D2. Retrieved February 21, 2010.[dead link]
  10. ^ a b Official Highway Map of Nevada (Map) (1960 ed.). Nevada Department of Highways. § D2. Retrieved February 21, 2010.[dead link]
  11. ^ Official Highway Map of Nevada (Map) (1978-79 ed.). Nevada State Highway Department. 1978. § C1-C2. Retrieved February 21, 2010.[dead link]
  12. ^ General Highway Map – Clark County, Nevada (Map). Nevada Department of Highways. 1952. Retrieved March 24, 2010. ("Clark County 1952 004" ZIP file contains map image.)
  13. ^ a b "Gragson, Las Vegas' longest-serving mayor, dies". Las Vegas Sun. Greenspun Media Group. October 8, 2002. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
  14. ^ Evans, K.J. "Oran K. Gragson: Mayor Who Made His Mark". Las Vegas Review Journal – The First 100. Stephens Press. Retrieved March 24, 2010.
  15. ^ General Highway Map – Las Vegas Quadrangle, Nevada (PDF) (Map). Nevada Department of Highways. 1968. Retrieved March 26, 2011.[dead link]
  16. ^ Official Highway Map of Nevada (Map) (1978-79 ed.). Nevada State Highway Department. 1978. Las Vegas Region inset. Retrieved March 24, 2010.[dead link]
  17. ^ Official Highway Map of Nevada (Map) (1980-81 ed.). Nevada Department of Transportation. 1980. Las Vegas Region inset. Retrieved March 24, 2010.[dead link]
  18. ^ Official Highway Map of Nevada (Map). Nevada Department of Transportation. 1982. Las Vegas Region inset. Retrieved March 24, 2010.[dead link]
  19. ^ Named Highways of Nevada (PDF) (Map). Nevada Department of Transportation. 2008. Retrieved March 26, 2011.[dead link]
  20. ^ Marroquin, Art (July 13, 2018). "Public meetings on future of I-11 to be held in 7 Nevada cities". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved March 27, 2019.
  21. ^ Alonzo, Amy (July 26, 2018). "Interstate connecting Canada, Mexico might pass near Fernley". Fernley Leader–Courier. Reno Gazette–Journal. Retrieved March 27, 2019.


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