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Mineral County, Nevada

Mineral County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,772,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in Nevada. Its county seat is Hawthorne.[2]

Mineral County, Nevada
County
Mineral County
Old Esmeralda & Mineral County Court House.jpg
Flag of Mineral County, Nevada
Flag
Map of Nevada highlighting Mineral County
Location in the U.S. state of Nevada
Map of the United States highlighting Nevada
Nevada's location in the U.S.
Founded 1911
Seat Hawthorne
Largest community Hawthorne
Area
 • Total 3,813 sq mi (9,876 km2)
 • Land 3,753 sq mi (9,720 km2)
 • Water 60 sq mi (155 km2), 1.6%
Population
 • (2010) 4,772
 • Density 1.3/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Pacific: UTC−8/−7
Website mineralcountynv.us
Walker Lake Recreation Area, a popular scenic attraction

Contents

HistoryEdit

Mineral County was carved out of Esmeralda County in 1911 shortly after the county seat of Esmeralda was moved to Goldfield in 1907. Its name came from the surrounding area, which is heavily mineralized. Hawthorne has always been its county seat. The county is listed as Nevada Historical Marker 16. The marker is located on U.S. Highway 95 at Walker Lake.[3]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,813 square miles (9,880 km2), of which 3,753 square miles (9,720 km2) is land and 60 square miles (160 km2) (1.6%) is water.[4] The highest point in Mineral County is Mount Grant at 11,285 ft (3,440 m).

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19201,848
19301,8630.8%
19402,34225.7%
19505,560137.4%
19606,32913.8%
19707,05111.4%
19806,217−11.8%
19906,4754.1%
20005,071−21.7%
20104,772−5.9%
Est. 20164,449[5]−6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 5,071 people, 2,197 households, and 1,379 families residing in the county. The population density was 1 person per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,866 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% White, 4.8% Black or African American, 15.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. 8.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,197 households out of which 25.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.20% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.20% were non-families. 31.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 27.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,891, and the median income for a family was $39,477. Males had a median income of $31,929 versus $25,262 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,952. About 11.00% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,772 people, 2,240 households, and 1,258 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 1.3 inhabitants per square mile (0.50/km2). There were 2,830 housing units at an average density of 0.8 per square mile (0.31/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 72.5% white, 15.5% American Indian, 4.1% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.1% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.1% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 23.8% were English, 18.5% were German, 13.8% were Irish, 9.3% were Scottish, 5.2% were Portuguese, and 3.7% were American.[13]

Of the 2,240 households, 21.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.8% were non-families, and 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.70. The median age was 49.2 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,446 and the median income for a family was $57,064. Males had a median income of $48,281 versus $33,830 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,226. About 11.4% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

CommunitiesEdit

 
Sodaville, a ghost town near Mina

There are no incorporated communities in Mineral County.

Census-designated placesEdit

Other placesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.0% 1,179 31.9% 637 9.1% 181
2012 53.1% 1,080 42.4% 863 4.5% 92
2008 49.0% 1,131 46.9% 1,082 4.1% 94
2004 57.4% 1,336 40.0% 931 2.6% 60
2000 53.5% 1,227 40.0% 916 6.5% 150
1996 35.1% 814 46.1% 1,068 18.8% 436
1992 34.8% 918 34.4% 909 30.8% 814
1988 56.9% 1,480 37.6% 978 5.5% 144
1984 65.7% 1,645 30.6% 766 3.7% 93
1980 63.9% 1,628 24.8% 631 11.3% 287
1976 42.6% 1,104 52.5% 1,361 5.0% 129
1972 73.3% 2,111 26.7% 768
1968 32.3% 927 43.3% 1,242 24.4% 700
1964 39.2% 927 60.8% 1,440
1960 36.7% 930 63.3% 1,606
1956 50.3% 1,433 49.7% 1,415
1952 48.7% 1,297 51.4% 1,369
1948 36.6% 706 61.9% 1,194 1.5% 28
1944 35.9% 751 64.2% 1,344
1940 36.9% 406 63.1% 693
1936 23.3% 236 76.7% 778
1932 26.9% 238 73.1% 647
1928 45.8% 275 54.2% 326
1924 37.9% 191 16.7% 84 45.4% 229
1920 59.5% 374 33.2% 209 7.3% 46
1916 34.8% 385 55.7% 617 9.6% 106
1912 10.6% 59 39.5% 219 49.9% 277[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  2. ^ "County Explorer". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Nevada Historical Markers". Nevada State Historic Preservation Office. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 146 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 131 votes.

External linksEdit